1.0     Brief Description: Merit-based recruitmentand promotion involves the specification of objective criteria related toqualifications, experience and ability to achieve organizational goals as thebasis for decisions concerning entry into (or advancement within) the Civil Service.Merit-based systems strive to ensure the recruitment and selection of the”best” and most capable candidates, thereby assisting efforts toattract, secure and retain professional, high-quality civil servant.

 Employment equity is an important issuein civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident of southern Punjab Provinceevery citizen having complex in their mind. They have the same potential andenergy but they are certainly ignored in merit system of civil service.Madarassa school system getting strength in southern Punjab which flourishesthe extreme religious values in mind of common people which leads towards actof terrorism. Although a merit systemdoes not fulfils the requirement of education system and the criteria used forselection and promotion decisions are not made known to the public and are opento scrutiny. The condition of contestability is established whenever mechanismsexist that permit perceived violations of merit-based hiring or promotiondecisions to be reviewed and challenged. The Federal Public Service Commissionis entrusted to institutionalize merit-based, transparent recruitment for thecivil service.

       2.0        Levelof Research Already Carried Out on the Proposed Topic:            Following    literature has been gleanedthrough for the purpose of initial thought consolidation:-The CSP is one of the heirs ofthe famous Indian Civil Service (ICS) created by the British and considered tobe the “steel frame” of Britain’s administration in India (Burki,1969). British often used to describe the Indian CivilService as the steel frame of the whole structure which constituted theGovernment of India (Chene, M.

2008).’Today in the Government of Pakistan the civil servants often play an even morepowerful role than that of their imperial predecessors (Abbasi,2011). Their ascent to power has been both steady anddramatic (Sayeed,1958).. According to study, the administrators of thenew state of Pakistan have done much to preserve what they thought was worthyand desirable of their proud heritage (Gorvine, 1965). They have been particularlysuccessfully doing so though in passing they have inadvertently reserved any ofthe conditions associated with colonial rule. Colonial India had been governedby a minute number of Europeans (Gorvine, 1965).

Longafter independence, the members of the CSP continue to hold key positions inall tiers of government, exercising an influence “far disproportionate totheir numbers and changing environment characterized by one politicalrevolution (October, 1958) and two economic revolutions (1963-65 and 1967-68),the CSP has not only displayed a remarkable ability to survive but has, to theconsternation of many, grown enormously in both power and prestige (Burki,1969).Bureaucracywas discredited because of agitation and protest in the urban centers andbreakup of the Pakistani state (Shafaqat, 2014). Bureaucracy is pivotal to moderngovernment.

This is recognized both by the proponents and the opponents ofbureaucracy.Civil service refers to the bodyof government officials who are employed in civil occupations that are neitherpolitical nor judicial  (Husnain,2010). A well-functioning civil service helps to foster goodpolicymaking, effective service delivery, accountability and responsibility inutilizing public resources which are the characteristics of good governance (Cyan,2006). The importance of the civil service to governancestems from the service presence throughout the country and its strong bindingcharacter, administrative and managerial capacity of the services, effectivepolicy-making and regulation, effective coordination between institutions ofgovernance, leadership at different levels of administration, service deliveryat the cutting edge level and provide ‘continuity and change’ to theadministration (Imtiaz,2013). Moreover, intra-service rivalries isolated thedominant bureaucrats from the larger administrative system (Ziring& LaPorte, 1974).    3.

0            Reason/Justificationfor the Selection of the Topic:                         Long afterautonomy, the individuals from the CSP keep on holding key positions in alllevels of government, practicing an impact “far lopsided to their numbersand changing condition described by one political upset (October, 1958) and twomonetary insurgencies (1963-65 and 1967-68), the CSP has shown an exceptionalcapacity to make due as well as has, to the horror of many, developedtremendously in both power and renown (Burki,1969).these difficulties adequately (Shafaqat,1999). The PPP and its initiative had accepted powerthrough well known vote; accordingly the ruler’s basic was to build up superordinate-subordinate connection between the chose open authorities and theorganization (Shafaqat,2014). The higher or world classorganization in Pakistan held huge power and delighted in outstanding benefit (Lawrence Ziring and Robert LaPorte,1974). Administration frames life blood of anylegislature and it fills in as a black box where general society requests andbackings are changed into activities and strategies.

The part of Pakistan’sadministration in approach issues and the different components that have moldedits character in the nation’s administration (Sayeed,1958). Elements of approach making have been examined,trailed by the arrangement and nature of Pakistan’s organization under variousadministrations. Through verifiable investigation, evidential examination andperception; current part of organization in arrangement matters has beencontended (Kalia, 2006).      3.1        Purposeof study: Employment equity is an important issuein civil service of Pakistan.

Being the resident of southern Punjab Provinceevery citizen having complex in their mind. They have the same potential andenergy in merit system of civil service.     3.

2        ProblemStatement:  Pakistandeteriorating civil service is in urgent need of repair. Education system doesnot fulfils the requirement of CSS passing criteria in employment equity usedfor selection and promotion decisions for southern Punjab students, the flawsare ratification..       3.

4                   Hypothesis:      Which is the majorfactor that affects southern Punjab Students in CSS recruitment?3.4.1              Moderator of Independent and Dependent.·        Education system has positive role with employment equity.·        CSShas a positive role with employment equity.·        Ratification has moderator role between education system andemployment equity.

·        Ratification has a moderator role between employment equityand education system          3.4.2 Relationbtw Independent and Dependent Variable.·        Civil services has a positive relation with employmentequity.

  ·        Civil services has a positive relationship withadministrative corruption.·        Bureaucracy has a positive relation with employment equity.·        Bureaucracy has a positive relationship with .administrativecorruption     3.5       Objectives:      Tofind out the major factor which affect southern Punjab Students in selection ofCSS.                4.

0      Methodology:         Theresearch design is qualitative in nature. Qualitative methods typically producea wealth of detailed data about a much smaller number of people and cases”. Theliterature for this study included civil service laws, rules at the federal andprovincial Levels International reports and journals, Government of Pakistannotifications.5.0     Outcomes:            Federalpublic service commission is to be ensured against subjective activity,individual bias, or intimidation for divided political purposes; restrictedfrom utilizing their official specialist or impact to interfere with orinfluencing the consequence of any law, manage, or direction. Education systemand employment equity are to be secured against discretionary activity,individual preference, or intimidation for fanatic political purposes;precluded from utilizing their official expert or impact to interfere with orinfluencing the aftereffect of a race.

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