1.0     Brief Description:

Merit-based recruitment
and promotion involves the specification of objective criteria related to
qualifications, experience and ability to achieve organizational goals as the
basis for decisions concerning entry into (or advancement within) the Civil Service.
Merit-based systems strive to ensure the recruitment and selection of the
“best” and most capable candidates, thereby assisting efforts to
attract, secure and retain professional, high-quality civil servant.

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Employment equity is an important issue
in civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident of southern Punjab Province
every citizen having complex in their mind. They have the same potential and
energy but they are certainly ignored in merit system of civil service.
Madarassa school system getting strength in southern Punjab which flourishes
the extreme religious values in mind of common people which leads towards act
of terrorism.


Although a merit system
does not fulfils the requirement of education system and the criteria used for
selection and promotion decisions are not made known to the public and are open
to scrutiny. The condition of contestability is established whenever mechanisms
exist that permit perceived violations of merit-based hiring or promotion
decisions to be reviewed and challenged. The Federal Public Service Commission
is entrusted to institutionalize merit-based, transparent recruitment for the
civil service.


      2.0        Level
of Research Already Carried Out on the Proposed Topic:

            Following    literature has been gleaned
through for the purpose of initial thought consolidation:-

The CSP is one of the heirs of
the famous Indian Civil Service (ICS) created by the British and considered to
be the “steel frame” of Britain’s administration in India (Burki,
1969). British often used to describe the Indian Civil
Service as the steel frame of the whole structure which constituted the
Government of India (Chene, M. 2008).’
Today in the Government of Pakistan the civil servants often play an even more
powerful role than that of their imperial predecessors (Abbasi,
2011). Their ascent to power has been both steady and
dramatic (Sayeed,

 According to study, the administrators of the
new state of Pakistan have done much to preserve what they thought was worthy
and desirable of their proud heritage (Gorvine, 1965). They have been particularly
successfully doing so though in passing they have inadvertently reserved any of
the conditions associated with colonial rule. Colonial India had been governed
by a minute number of Europeans (Gorvine, 1965).

after independence, the members of the CSP continue to hold key positions in
all tiers of government, exercising an influence “far disproportionate to
their numbers and changing environment characterized by one political
revolution (October, 1958) and two economic revolutions (1963-65 and 1967-68),
the CSP has not only displayed a remarkable ability to survive but has, to the
consternation of many, grown enormously in both power and prestige (Burki,

was discredited because of agitation and protest in the urban centers and
breakup of the Pakistani state (Shafaqat, 2014). Bureaucracy is pivotal to modern
government. This is recognized both by the proponents and the opponents of

Civil service refers to the body
of government officials who are employed in civil occupations that are neither
political nor judicial  (Husnain,
2010). A well-functioning civil service helps to foster good
policymaking, effective service delivery, accountability and responsibility in
utilizing public resources which are the characteristics of good governance (Cyan,
2006). The importance of the civil service to governance
stems from the service presence throughout the country and its strong binding
character, administrative and managerial capacity of the services, effective
policy-making and regulation, effective coordination between institutions of
governance, leadership at different levels of administration, service delivery
at the cutting edge level and provide ‘continuity and change’ to the
administration (Imtiaz,
2013). Moreover, intra-service rivalries isolated the
dominant bureaucrats from the larger administrative system (Ziring
& LaPorte, 1974).  

  3.0            Reason/Justification
for the Selection of the Topic:

                        Long after
autonomy, the individuals from the CSP keep on holding key positions in all
levels of government, practicing an impact “far lopsided to their numbers
and changing condition described by one political upset (October, 1958) and two
monetary insurgencies (1963-65 and 1967-68), the CSP has shown an exceptional
capacity to make due as well as has, to the horror of many, developed
tremendously in both power and renown (Burki,

these difficulties adequately (Shafaqat,
1999). The PPP and its initiative had accepted power
through well known vote; accordingly the ruler’s basic was to build up super
ordinate-subordinate connection between the chose open authorities and the
organization (Shafaqat,

The higher or world class
organization in Pakistan held huge power and delighted in outstanding benefit (Lawrence Ziring and Robert LaPorte,
1974). Administration frames life blood of any
legislature and it fills in as a black box where general society requests and
backings are changed into activities and strategies. The part of Pakistan’s
administration in approach issues and the different components that have molded
its character in the nation’s administration (Sayeed,
1958). Elements of approach making have been examined,
trailed by the arrangement and nature of Pakistan’s organization under various
administrations. Through verifiable investigation, evidential examination and
perception; current part of organization in arrangement matters has been
contended (Kalia, 2006).

      3.1        Purpose
of study:

Employment equity is an important issue
in civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident of southern Punjab Province
every citizen having complex in their mind. They have the same potential and
energy in merit system of civil service.    

 3.2        Problem

deteriorating civil service is in urgent need of repair. Education system does
not fulfils the requirement of CSS passing criteria in employment equity used
for selection and promotion decisions for southern Punjab students, the flaws
are ratification..  

     3.4                   Hypothesis:

      Which is the major
factor that affects southern Punjab Students in CSS recruitment?

3.4.1              Moderator of Independent and Dependent.

Education system has positive role with employment equity.

has a positive role with employment equity.

Ratification has moderator role between education system and
employment equity.

Ratification has a moderator role between employment equity
and education system

          3.4.2 Relation
btw Independent and Dependent Variable.

Civil services has a positive relation with employment

Civil services has a positive relationship with
administrative corruption.

Bureaucracy has a positive relation with employment equity.

Bureaucracy has a positive relationship with .administrative


3.5       Objectives:

find out the major factor which affect southern Punjab Students in selection of

        4.0      Methodology:

research design is qualitative in nature. Qualitative methods typically produce
a wealth of detailed data about a much smaller number of people and cases”. The
literature for this study included civil service laws, rules at the federal and
provincial Levels International reports and journals, Government of Pakistan

5.0     Outcomes:

public service commission is to be ensured against subjective activity,
individual bias, or intimidation for divided political purposes; restricted
from utilizing their official specialist or impact to interfere with or
influencing the consequence of any law, manage, or direction. Education system
and employment equity are to be secured against discretionary activity,
individual preference, or intimidation for fanatic political purposes;
precluded from utilizing their official expert or impact to interfere with or
influencing the aftereffect of a race.

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