1. Introduction

It is likely that anyone might become victim of
domestic violence. In Vietnam, it has been one of the biggest problem that 58%
of women have to suffer recently (Thanh Nien News, 2015, cited in “Domestic
violence in Vietnam”, 2016). “Domestic violence can impact anyone regardless of
their gender, race, age, culture or religion” (Kanchiputu & Mwale,
2006 ). It has a variety of forms, namely
emotional abuse, physical violence and sexual
assault. This matter is happening due to numerous reasons, but the major cause
is lack of background knowledge about domestic aggression .The problem is worse
because of outdated views which
means in order to maintaining happiness in
family, women are tolerant and they still continue to suffer from their
husband. Meanwhile, being a bread-maker even, men seem to treat their partner
unfair anytime for unreasonable causes. Moreover, children who have
unforgettable childhood accidentally become victims of domestic violence in
their family. To tackle the problem, it seems to be a long-term process;
however ” it can vary case by case, but we should not keep silent. Keeping
silent is dying” (Beth 
& Brett, 2013 ). It is necessary for victims to have more chances to raise their voice and be paid
more attention from different groups, both neighborhood and local community.
Thus, this essay will provide updated facts, discuss the effects of domestic
violence and suggest efficient ways to protect the victims from this issue.

Domestic violence in Vietnam


Domestic Violence in Vietnam

Discussion of findings

Shocking facts of domestic violence in Vietnam

“For many years almost every Vietnamese woman took
it for granted that unconditional service to men is the natural function, a
required sacrifice, and an expression of self-denial, necessary in the role of
women in the family” (Le, n.d.). Representing womanhood in different discussion
forums, a numerous women admit that they are suffering at the hands of their
husbands due to unreasonable understanding of partners in their daily lives.
“Domestic violence is a problem but it is basically a silent problem” (Beth 
& Brett, 2013). In lieu of raising their voice for help, victims
silently endure during a long period. According to Dr Nguyen (2016), “some
women think that it is karma and they are suffering for something they did in their
past life”. Traditionally, women have poor background and they are likely
accepted that it is their destiny whether they are beaten by their partners.
Moreover, a bigger issue in Vietnam society seems to be the fear of losing
dignity. Many women feeling ashamed about what had happen to them intend to
hide it from anyone. After marriage, the happy times end quickly because they
might give their life to the service of their family, including their husband
and children in any circumstances. It seems that women beaten up daily for many
intolerable years make every effort to endure life as a human punch-bag. To
protect victims from violent actions, the government enacts law which is called
“the Law on Gender Equality and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention” (Asialife,
2016). However, this problem may be difficult to address, for most women
do not know their rights. In addition, stereo type of Vietnamese women is to
stand sacrifices and hardships. They stand both physical and psychological pain
after husband’s actions in lieu of accusing their husbands of their violent
behaviors in order to avoid family separation and their children.

Domestic Violence in Vietnam


Domestic violence in Vietnam

Effects of domestic violence

Women face to domestic abuse

Women who are most at risk for domestic violence have
coped with physical abuse made up by their husbands. It is clearly seen that
the common feature of any situations between male and female is an imbalance of
control and power. Male representing bread-maker in their family still maintain
thinking that their wives do not take care of their families and talk back to
them with their neighbors. They constantly use physical actions which bring
about injuries to victims if they tend to run into stiff resistance. Besides,
behavior denying essential needs of victims is physical violence. Men have a
tendency to beat their wives and ignore them when they desire to help them. In
some cases, women also suffer from sexual abuse. Women accidently become
winebibber or drug addict as drugs seem to help them to forget their painful
bodies. They would rather repeat to self-kill by addictions than be slaves of
their husbands. Besides, emotional abuse is likely behavior that threat,
intimidation, or the victim’s freedom limitation. Psychological abuse including
conflict action or statement might affect to human dignity. The abusers have a
tendency to make efforts to keep victims from contacting with their friends and
family. They deem that the victim could not leave the relationship with them
because victims impossibly rely on anyone except for them. Isolation contributes
the victim’s internal strength damaging and self-defense ability loosing. In
many cases, those women often get several troubles which relates to their
emotion. They tend to have negative thinking and tackle with their problem by
suicide. Unexpectedly, results of numerous studies illustrate that “victims of
domestic violence are more likely to maltreat their children than those who are
not abused by their partners” (UN 2010). It is worth that they should be
received condemnation even though it is probable that they unintentionally make
wounds of their children.

Children are influenced by domestic violence

Different from Vietnamese women, children are
accidently become consequences of domestic abuse in their families. “41.2%
respondents said that domestic violence affects to the abused child to lose
interest in education” (Kanchiputu
& Mwale, 2016). Sometimes, victimized children go to school late
because they have to do pieces of household work, even they absent from school
due to verbal aggression and
physical injury. Those youngsters could not concentrate on their studies and
often have flashbacks about the abuse (Jaclyn,
n.d.) which resulted from different misunderstanding of their parents. Domestic
violence also negatively impacts on children’s behavior at school. It is
certain that they use aggression as a way which they might get what they want. The
reason why boys tend to become more aggressive is that girl students consider
it is normality at school. In the majority of cases, children witnessing domestic
abuse seem to have less chance to enjoy their wonderful childhood than others.
They often grow up independently instead of being taken care by their parents. It
is probable that parents should make good example to their children who might
follow, but victimized kids apparently hide their feeling at home and behave as
uneducated people in society. Children are like “a pressure cooker waiting to
let out the stream” (Rebecca, 2011). Certainly, domestic violence results in
negative adjustment of the victim who may find it difficult to trust their partners
of their marriage in the future. They are often more aggressive in any
circumstances and they treat unfairly to their members of family such as verbal
abuse and non-verbal abuse. In many cases, the children grow up being affected
by the violence, and sometimes these scars might have a long-term impact on
their lives (Jaclyn, n.d.).



2.3. Domestic
violence might to be tackled efficiently

According to Gender and
Development Research Institute, 49.7% of families are broken up because of
family violence (Binh, 2011). It is clearly seen that this problem be should to
be solved as soon as possible by both individuals and the Vietnamese
government. Regarding women, they have a duty to make enquiries carefully about their partners before
their marriage and they also should understand more about domestic aggression
to protect themselves whether it happens. Therefore, women ought not to keep
silence if they realize that they are victims of mistreat in their home.
Nevertheless, it is high time for the women to maintain good relationship with
their spouses by listening to them, sharing with them and taking care of their
families. In term of children, they had better give several good advices to
their maternities to limit unexpected harms for the victim of violence. Furthermore,
being witnesses of domestic abuse, children should not behave as way which they
might to deal with this problem early. With regard to the Vietnamese
government, they are duty-bound to illustrate that what a serious
violence issue! Besides, the authority should expand financial-support
organizations and provide safe accommodations for the victim (Legal Guide,
2017).  As stated by the FindLaw (n.d.), there
are many non-profit groups dedicated to helping people cope with domestic
abuse. However, those groups might help women to be economically independent in
their daily life (Cohn, 2014). It is necessary that the Vietnamese government
make penalties for internal violence. These days, people who have violent
motion likely take full responsibility for their act before law of avoiding
domestic violence in Vietnam.


Currently, updated facts have pointed out that
domestic violence seems to develop more and more seriously in Vietnam. Domestic
abuse is apparently popular problem in most of families due to misunderstanding
of several aspects between couples in their lives. Women who suffer both
physical and psychological injuries likely become major victims of this
epidemic. Although children only witness violence from their homes and their
neighbors, their studies also be badly influenced. Furthermore, digital
building of children tends to change negatively because their parents make an
imagine of broken family in their mind and the fathers accidently teach them
who are kids that using violence is the best way to tackle with problems.

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