3.1 CHAPTER INTRODUCTION –This chapter introducesthe various methods of research that are suitable for this research. The studytakes on the mixed methods as its specific research design; a combination ofinterpretive and positivist research philosophies; data collection i.
e.questionnaire survey and interviews; random sampling to select participants forquestionnaire survey and interviews; data collection and analysis process:reliability and validity and the last ethical consideration. 3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN –In this study,the mixed method design is used, which is the combination of quantitative andqualitative methods and as well as methods of inquiry.
Some writers ofmixed methods believe and consider this form of research a methodology andfocus on the philosophical assumptions (Creswell and Plano Clark, 2016). Inmixed methods approach, the researcher collects data directly from the researchparticipants through questionnaire surveys, interviews, observations etc. andcombine these data in a single study (Heyvaert, Maes, and Onghena, 2011).
Mixed methodsapproach involves both research methods quantitative and qualitative thatinclude the collections of data and analyzing it in a single study or series ofstudies. Some researchers believe that mixed method approach gives a betterunderstanding of research rather than individual approach (Creswell and PlanoClark, 2016). Quantitative research deals with anything that is measurable in asystematic way, and anything related to the numbers. Based on a hypothesis ortheory, a quantitative method typically starts with data collection such as byquestionnaire surveys.
In quantitative research method, mostly observation andsurveys are used in research with the statistical association. All the resultsof quantitative research usually complete with disconfirmation or confirmationof the hypothesis test. The process of measurement plays an important role inthe quantitative research method and it is the focus of quantitative researchbecause of its connectivity between mathematical expressions and empiricalobservations (Leedy 1993).
Determination of appropriate variables, measurementof those variables, and analysis of the relationship between the variables arethe three main activities of the quantitative research method. Whereas,qualitative research deals with the words and feelings of the participants. Thequalitative aspect of the study is seen in its multi-method focus, in which anaturalistic and interpretive position is used in approaching the subjectmatter (Muijs, 2011). Mixed method approach will use in this study. With thehelp of mixed research approach, this research topic can be suitably explainedand that address the research questions at different levels.
3.3 RESEARCH PHILOSOPHY –Philosophy isconcerned about the views how the world works, as an academic subject,primarily, knowledge, focuses, on reality and existence. Views of all theindividuals depend on how they perceive as reality (Mason, 2014).Nature of theknowledge and development of the knowledge is related to the researchphilosophy. For this dissertation, it’s very important to understand howresearcher perceives reality. To conduct the research in this dissertation canbe affected by how an individual gain knowledge and the perception of reality(Mason, 2014). There are three types of research philosophies: interpretivism,positivism, and transformative theories.
In this study, both positivist andinterpretive philosophies have used. Forthis kind research, mixed research methods help to give more comprehensiveevidence. In general, both qualitativeand quantitative research approach will help to give a better understanding ofthis research. Mixed methods research is a research design with a philosophicalassumption as well as methods of inquiry (Heyvaert, Maes, and Onghena, 2011).According to the interpretive researchers, access to reality is only throughsocial constructions such as consciousness, instruments, language and sharedmeanings.As aninterpretive researcher, it is really important to appreciate differencesbetween as a social actor (Dudovskiy, 2017). In this research, interviews willbe taken to the people in slums to get their exact opinion and their feelingsabout this project.Qualitativeresearch deals with words and people feelings rather than numbers, Conversely,interpretive research is a more specific term, which is described in relationto epistemology (Rowlands, 2005).
Positivist philosophy will also represent inthis research. To tackle the research problems, a questionnaire survey methodwill be using. According to the positivist’s approach, the reality is stableand can be described from the objective point of view. Positivist is based onthe idea that Science is the only way to learn about the truth, in positivistapproach, research findings are usually quantifiable and observable.
Toinvestigate the social world, the researcher should apply the scientificmethods. Positivism is directly depended on quantifiable observations that leadthemselves to statistical analysis (Dudovskiy, 2017). These factors were thereason for choosing the interpretivism and positivist philosophy for thisresearch. This research studies the living conditions of people those areliving in slums and also to know the impact of “Housing for all” mission by2022 project in their lives socially and economically.