A tornado is a destructive vortex of violently rotating winds having the appearance of a funnel-shaped cloud and advancing beneath the base of a thunderstorm connecting to the ground. It is made up of water, dust, and debris. A tornado is the most violent of all atmospheric storms. Tornado storms occur when dry cold moving air meets with warm moist moving air. When these drafts meet they create columns of air. When these drafts meet and create columns of air they can get caught in what is called a supercell updraft. This causes the columns of air to tighten there spin and and speed up the drafts and rotation of the funnel. This creates a funnel cloud. Because the funnel cloud is formed at the base of a strong storm there is rain and hail pushing the funnel cloud downwards eventually causing the funnel cloud to touchdown creating a tornado. Once a tornado touches down it can cause catastrophic damage. Not only to people but to the environment as well. The winds of a tornado can reach up to 300 mph. When winds become that strong they are strong enough to rip homes apart and pick up automobiles off the ground. Also winds this fast can take debris that you normally wouldn’t worry about and turn them into destructive and deadly missiles. Tornados can also dig up dirt making trenches up to three feet deep. This destroys animals homes, trees, crops (if caught in the way of the tornado), and can even kill the animals. Not to mention if a human was caught in a tornado it could rip the skin from your body or pick you up within the tornado.Over the years tornadoes have had a devastating impact on human lives and families.The worst tornado in United States history was the Tri-state tornado of March 18, 1925. It traveled 219 miles across parts of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people. The deadliest tornado in world history was the Daulatpur–Saturia tornado in Bangladesh on April 26, 1989, which killed approximately 1,300 people. Tornados are not something to joke about. Many people have dedicated their lives to finding information on tornados for how to prepare for them better or search for warning signs or even the path that the tornado may take. These people are called meteorologists. Meteorologists are people that study tornadoes by observing current sky conditions, only if the right atmospheric conditions are currently available. Also by using Doppler Radar or NexRad, to identify Supercells within clusters of storms. Not only are their people who use their lives to make sure people in the future are safer and the people now are as safe as we know how to be, there are people who have died, families who have lost everything, and communities that have been totally uprooted and blown apart.Although it is very hard to tell where a tornado will hit and exactly where it will hit, there are ways to prepare for this disaster.To begin preparing, you should build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.Listen to NOAA Weather Radio or to commercial radio or television newscasts for the latest information. Be alert to changing weather conditions. Look for danger signs such as a dark greenish looking sky, wall clouds or an approaching cloud of debris, large hail often in the absence of rain, and right before a tornado strikes the wind may die down and the air may become very still.  Once you notice these things this is what you should do. Find a room, hallway, or stairwell away from the outside of the building and stay there. Stay underneath a sturdy piece of furniture and protect the back of your head and neck and stay crouched as in a bug position of turtle position. On your knees, face down, and crouched down.Stay away from all windows and be sure to keep the windows you do have closed so that high winds don’t through debris through them.In order to start to recover from a tornado it starts with preparing before it happens. It would be smart to have a safe room somewhere in your house or very close to your house. It would be good to have canned food and bottled water in your safe area and a safe with things you can’t live without. Recovering from a tornado is a community and sometimes country wide effort. Depending on the destruction and scale of the destruction you will need help. Reach out to family for help, groups that can help replant trees and plants, and people who can volunteer to help rebuild houses. People will be there to help because however prepared you are for a tornado there will still be damage if you are hit.

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