A cultural
movement is when there is a change in how artists, scientists and philosophers undertake
their work. Throughout time, different religions and nations have experienced
some form of movements in their culture but as the world develops with an increase
in technology and communication, the distinction of different cultures has
become less and less each year. When nations with strong cultures go through
revolutions (both in Europe and in the Islamic world), traditions can sometimes
be replaced and over time forgotten.

Greek culture, for example, symbolised their difference to other Mediterranean
cultures around them. The Romans took from the Greek and various other styles
as they travelled through Europe and the Middle East. It is thought that both
the Greek and Romans were the fundamental creators of the western culture
through their art, styles and movements. As they went and conquered empires,
they imposed their new way of styles and traditions on that country, increasing
the number of people that identify with such a culture or tradition. There were
more uses of light, shadow and perspective to illustrate the meaning of life,
the uprising of art and science earned those years the name of the “Golden Age”.

European styles of art are heavily influenced by literature, music,
architecture and philosophy, and as these factors change and evolve, so does
Europe stylistically. During the reign of Elizabeth I, the Elizabethan
architecture was greatly influenced by the Renaissance architecture in England.
This also matches to the Renaissance in France and the Cinquecento in Italy.
Stylistically speaking, it also followed the Tudor architecture and was
successful in the 17th century due to its stylistic expansion. One
European style of art is the Romanesque art, from the period from approximately
1000 AD to the start of Gothic art in the twelfth century. Romanesque art is
forward, bold and vibrant with vivid colours and a touch of sophistication. The
art formed itself as stained glass, sculptures and architecture. Its
architecture consists of broad, deep walls, curved arches and stained windows
and lots of sculpted decorations. 

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