After the incident of an employee losing their sight inone eye and suffering severe burns after being splashed by a corrosive chemicalthat leaked from a storage tank there must be control measures that are put inplace to prevent this from occurring again. Initially many aspects of the legalisations were breached and if all thesafety controls are implemented and stuck by they will then satisfy thelegalisation requirements. Control ofSubstances Hazardous to Health Regulation 2002In order to prevent any further injuries or breachesagainst this legalisation; and also adhere to COSHH the company must make surethat they find all the substances on site that are hazardous to health andidentify their individual hazards.  Oncethe hazards are known it makes it easier to start planning the prevention ofany harm that may occur by carrying out risk assessments.  Risk assessments must be kept update and tohand; it must be kept in a safe location that all employees are aware of andcan access it at any given time.  Ifanything changes within the risk assessment it must be made aware to allemployees immediately.  Not only must therisk assessment be taken out but the company must supply control equipment toall employees; this will include adequate ventilation or respiratory protectiveequipment (RPE), spillage captures and decontamination, clean-up procedures andany additional PPE that may be required.

 By providing controlled equipment it allows all employees to have a safeair supply, and procedures in place in case of a spill or leak to try andprotect against any injuries; these must be regularly maintained and check toensure they are in working order and an employer must make sure they are beingused. When performing the vital checks on all the control equipment it’simportant to make sure the checks are logged and recorded; this helps in theidentification of similar faults or deterioration trends.  Anothermajor control that will need implementing is the training for all employees;before being allowed anywhere near the hazardous substances all employees musthave all the information, instructions and adequate training in place.  The training is vital as it shows theemployees how to handle hazardous substances safely, understand about theexposure limit and gas monitors and also what to do in an emergencysituation.

  This training must be backedup on site with emergency planning precautions made aware to all employees andkept in appropriate places to ensure all employees and contractors are aware ofthe procedures in place.   All records of training must be kept andupdated regularly; if an employee’s training expires they aren’t allowed nearhazardous substances until their training is valid again.  Not only must training be provided but yearlymonitoring and health surveillances must be given to employees, these healthchecks are vital in protecting an employee’s health as they can detect anyearly changes in health and any risks that may be within the workenvironment.   By adhering to these added controls, the company willfollow all the precautions within the legislation as they are clear ruleswithin the regulation.  The regulationstates that; all hazardous substances must be identified, labelled and storedefficiently; control measures are provided, maintained and used; and finally trainingand information on emergency procedures must be provided to all employees.  If these are adhered to it will reduce therisk of injury by nearly 60%.

Health and safety First-Aid Regulations1981This company stated that at the time of the incidentthere wasn’t anyone on the premises that was trained in first aid whichbreaches the regulation; in order to reduce the risk of this incident happeningagain.  The failure of providing adequatefirst aid can result in more severe injuries or even fatalities thereforecontrol measured should be in place and followed.  The first major control that will need to beput into operation is the risk aid risk assessment.  The nature of work will need to be taken intoaccount as this can be the cause for most injuries, the distribution of thework force and their whereabouts to ensure their safety.  The key to the first aid risk assessment isjudging the remoteness of the site; the day to day weather and terrainconditions and how many first aiders are available on site and theirwhereabouts as they will need to be reached in an emergency.  Safety procedures will need to be present forlone workers, they will need to log their job, whereabouts and timing and mustcontact someone once the job is finished to ensure they are safe and not in anydanger.  Any work that may be carried outmust have the possible injuries listed and be noted accordingly.

 Another control measure that needs to be implemented isthe initial training required; they must have a minimum of one appointed firstaider, however multiple first aiders are required.  The more trained in first aid or emergencyfirst aid the better, due to more being able to help and offer guidance in anymedical situation – thus reducing the response time for the individual to gainmedical attention in the case of an emergency. The training course must be provided by the employer and it must be aHSE-approved course.  All employees mustbe aware and trained in the emergency procedures; they must also have theknowledge of who is the first aider if there are only a few appointed firstaiders.  Employees and contractors mustknow the location of first boxes – these must be placed central to the site -which must be stocked appropriately and regularly maintained. Within the Health and Safety First Aid Regulation 1981 itstates that all employers must provide sufficient and relevant equipment with enoughemployers first aid trained to provide adequate help to anyone injured or ill.

 It also states that all risks must be assessedby a first aid point of view; these added controls adhere to the regulation andwill improve the company by reducing some hazards that occurred.

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