Aidss 2 Essay, Research Paper
How Aids Has Affected Our Society
Today more Americans are infected with STD & # 8217 ; s than at any other clip in
history. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS. Since the first
instances were identified in the United States in 1981, AIDS has touched the
lives of 1000000s of American households. This deathly disease is unlike
any other in modern history. Changes in societal behaviour can be straight
linked to AIDS. Its overall consequence on society has been dramatic.
It is unknown whether AIDS and HIV existed and killed in the U.S. and
North America before the early 1970s. However in the early 1980s,
& # 8220 ; deceases by timeserving infections, antecedently observed chiefly in
tissue-transplant receivers having immunosuppressive therapy & # 8221 ; , were
recognized in otherwise healthy homosexual work forces. In 1983 Gallic
oncologist Luc Montagnier and scientists at the Pasteur Institute in
Paris isolated what appeared to be a new human retrovirus from the lymph
node of a adult male at hazard for holding AIDS. At the same clip, scientists
working in the research lab of American research, scientist Robert Gallo
at the National Cancer Institute, one of the National Institutes of
Health in Bethesda, Maryland, and a group headed by American virologist
Jay Levy at the University of California at San Francisco isolated a
retrovirus from people with AIDS and from persons holding contact
with people with AIDS. All three groups of scientists had isolated what
is now known as HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
In 1995 HIV was estimated to infect about 20 million people worldwide,
and several million of those people had developed AIDS. The disease is
evidently an of import societal issue.
AIDS has caused many to rethink their ain societal behaviour. Peoples are
forced to utilize cautiousness when affecting themselves in sexual activity.
They must utilize contraceptive method to avoid the dangers of infection. Many
people consider HIV infection and AIDS to be wholly preventable
because the paths of HIV transmittal are so good known. To wholly
prevent transmittal, nevertheless, dramatic alterations in sexual behaviour and
drug dependance would hold to happen throughout the universe. Prevention
attempts that promote sexual consciousness through unfastened treatment and rubber
distribution in public schools have been opposed due to fear that these
attempts encourage sexual promiscuousness among immature grownups. Similarly,
needle-exchange plans have been criticized as advancing drug maltreatment.
Governor Christine Todd Whitman vetoed a measure in New Jersey that tried
to make a needle-exchange plan. She was accused of being
& # 8220 ; compassionless & # 8221 ; . She replied that she could non let drug nuts to
continue to interrupt the jurisprudence. By administering acerate leafs, she felt that she
was, in fact, promoting them to interrupt the jurisprudence.
Prevention plans that identify HIV-infected persons and advise
their sexual spouses, every bit good as plans that promote HIV testing at
the clip of matrimony or gestation, have been criticized for occupying
Attempts aimed at public consciousness have been propelled by
community-based organisations, such as Project Inform and Act-Up, that
supply current information to HIV-infected persons and to
persons at hazard for infection. Public figures and famous persons who
HIV-infected or have died from AIDS-including American hoops participant
Magic Johnson, American histrion Rock Hudson, American frogman Greg Louganis,
American tennis participant Arthur Ashe, and British instrumentalist Freddie
Mercury-have personalized the disease of AIDS and have thereby helped
society come to footings with the outrageousness of the epidemic. In memory of
those people who died from AIDS, particularly in the early old ages of the
epidemic, a elephantine comforter undertaking was initiated in which each panel of the
comforter was dedicated to the memory of an single AIDS decease. This
comforter has traveled on show from community to community to advance
The U.S. authorities has besides attempted to help HIV-infected
persons through statute law and extra community-funding
steps. In 1990 HIV-infected people were included in the Americans
with Disabilities Act, doing favoritism against these persons
for occupations, lodging, and other societal benefits illegal. Additionally, a
community-funding plan designed to help in the day-to-day lives of
people populating with AIDS was established. This congressional act, the
Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act, was named in
memory of a immature adult male who contracted HIV through blood merchandises and
became a public figure for his bravery in contending the disease and
community bias. The act is still in topographic point, although continued
funding for such societal plans is under argument by current legislators.
The deficiency of effectual vaccinums and antiviral drugs has spurred
guess that the support for AIDS research is deficient. Although
the existent sum of authorities support for AIDS research is big, most
of these financess are used for expensive clinical surveies to measure new
drugs. Many scientists believe that non adequate is known about the basic
biological science of HIV, and they recommend switching the accent of AIDS
research to basic research that could finally ensue in more
effectual medical specialties.
Most people agree that AIDS is a really of import issue and can non be
ignored. Personally, I believe that the state and society is to fault
for the spread of AIDS. We let it acquire out of control. The manners of
transmittal have been known for a considerable sum of clip, yet the
disease still continues to distribute. There are few people who can
honostly claim non to cognize the ways in which AIDS is transmitted.
Similarly, there are really few people who don & # 8217 ; t cognize the ways to forestall
the spread of AIDS. These methods are really simple and easy to follow.
Yet, 1000s will be infected this twelvemonth entirely.
Another facet of AIDS that up until really late was a serious
job is the intervention, or mistreatment, of those who are HIV
positive, but do non hold AIDS. One of the most celebrated narratives is the
intervention of Ryan White. He was non allowed to go to a public school
because he had AIDS. His narrative was told and people began to recognize
that those with HIV can take & # 8220 ; normal & # 8221 ; lives and must be treated every bit.
Fortunately, conditions have improved.
It is difficult to cognize what society might be like had it non been for
AIDS. It might be just to presume that society in general would be much
more sexually promiscuous had AIDS non curbed this tendency. Another
consequence that International Relations and Security Network & # 8217 ; t normally noticed at first glimpse is the creative activity of
occupations. AIDS has made it necessary for 1000s of workers in the
pharmaceuticals industry every bit good as research. Besides, people have been
hired to advocate AIDS patients and write literature about the causes and
the methods of bar. Even the humanistic disciplines have changed since AIDS came
approximately. Songs have been written. Movies have been made, such as & # 8216 ; The
Band Played On & # 8217 ; .
In decision, the effects of AIDS on society are really far-reaching.
They stretch from societal behaviour alterations to a alteration in art and music.
AIDS has caused all Americans to believe about their lives and how delicate
life is. They must be careful and use cautiousness. Hopefully, all of
society will one twenty-four hours cognize the causes of AIDS and the agencies of
bar. They will take cognition and use it. With a remedy and an
terminal to the spread of this disease, society will last and thrive.
Martelli, Leonard J. and others. When Person You Know Has AIDS.
Shilts, Randy. And the Band Played On. St. Martin & # 8217 ; s, 1987. Politicss,
Peoples and the AIDS Epidemic.
Weitz, Rose. Life with AIDS. Rutgers, 1991.