Aidss Essay, Research PaperAIDS is a life and decease issue. To hold the AIDS diseaseis at present a sentence of slow but inevitable decease. I & # 8217 ; vealready lost one friend to AIDS. I may shortly lose others. My ainsexual behaviour and that of many of my friends has beendeeply altered by it.
In my portion of the state, one adult male in10 may already be transporting the AIDS virus. While the figures maypresently be less in much of the remainder of the state, this isaltering quickly. There presently is neither a remedy, nor even aneffectual intervention, and no vaccinum either. But there are thingsthat have been PROVEN vastly effectual in decelerating the spreadof this horridly deadly disease.
In this essay I hope tonowadays this information. History and Overview:AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Defficiency Disease. It iscaused by a virus.
The disease originated someplace in Africa about 20 old agesago. There it foremost appeared as a cryptic complaint afflictingchiefly straight persons of both sexes. It likely was dispersedparticularly fast by chiefly female cocottes at that place. AIDS hasalready go a crisis of STAGGERING proportions in parts ofAfrica. In Zaire, it is estimated that over 20 per centum ofthe grownups presently carry the virus.
That figure is increasing.And what occurred there will, if no remedy is found, most likelyoccur here among heterosexual folks.AIDS was foremost seen as a disease of homosexual males in thisstate.
This was a consequence of the fact that homosexual males in thiscivilization in the yearss before AIDS had an norm of 200 to 400 newsexual contacts per twelvemonth. This figure was much higher thancommon pattern among heterosexual ( consecutive ) work forces or adult females. Inadd-on, it turned out that rectal sex was a peculiarlyeffectual manner to convey the disease, and rectal sex is acommon pattern among cheery males. For these grounds, the diseasespread in the homosexual male population of this state vastly morerapidly than in other populations. It became to be thought of asa & # 8220 ; gay disease & # 8221 ; .
Because the disease is spread chiefly byexposure of 1s blood to infected blood or seeds, I.V. drugnuts who shared acerate leafs besides shortly were identified as anaffected group. As the AIDS epidemic began to impactprogressively big fractions of those two populations ( homosexual malesand IV drug maltreaters ) , many of the remainder of this society looked onsmugly, for both populations tended to be despised by the& # 8220 ; mainstream & # 8221 ; of society here.But AIDS is besides spread by heterosexual sex. In add-on,it is spread by blood transfusions. New born babes can getthe disease from septic female parents during gestation. Graduallymore and more & # 8220 ; mainstream & # 8221 ; folks got the disease.
Most late,a member of Congress died of the disease. Finally, even thenational intelligence media began to fall in in the undertaking of educating thepopulace to the impression that AIDS can impact everyone.Basic medical research began to supply a few spots ofinformation, and some aid.
The virus doing the disease wasisolated and identified. The AIDS virus turned out to be a reallyunusual kind of virus. Its familial stuff was non DNA, butRNA. When it infected human cells, it had its RNA direct thesynthesis of viral DNA. While RNA viruses are non that uncommon,really few RNA viruses reproduce by puting up the flow ofinformation from RNA to DNA. Such contrary or & # 8220 ; retro & # 8221 ; flow ofinformation does non happen at all in any DNA virus or any otherpopulating things. Hence, the virus was said to belong to the raregroup of virues called & # 8220 ; Retro Viruses & # 8221 ; . Research provided theagencies to prove donated blood for the presence of the antibodiesto the virus, astronomically cut downing the opportunity of 1s acquiringAIDS from a blood transfusion.
This was one of the first existentdiscoveries. The same finds that allowed us to do ourblood bank blood supply far safer besides allowed us to be able toTell ( in most instances ) whether 1 has been exposed to the AIDSvirus utilizing a simple blood trial.The Types of AIDS Infection:When the AIDS virus gets into a individual & # 8217 ; s organic structure, the consequencescan be broken down into three general types of state of affairss: Acquired immune deficiency syndromedisease, ARC, and symptomless seropositive status.
The AIDS disease is characterized by holding one & # 8217 ; s immunesystem devastated by the AIDS virus. One is said to hold the*disease* if one contracts peculiar assortments ( Pneumocystis,for illustration ) of pneumonia, or one of several peculiarassortments of otherwise rare malignant neoplastic diseases ( Kaposi & # 8217 ; s Sarcoma, forillustration ) . This *disease* is necessarily fatal. Death occurs frequentlyafter many hebdomads or months of expensive and painful infirmaryattention. Most folks with the disease can convey it to others bysexual contact or other exposure of an clean individual & # 8217 ; s bloodto the blood or seeds of the septic individual.There is besides a status referred to as ARC ( & # 8221 ; AidssRelated Complex & # 8221 ; ) . In this state of affairs, one is infected with theAIDS virus and one & # 8217 ; s immune system is compromised, but non somuch so that one gets the ( finally lethal ) malignant neoplastic diseases orpneumonias of the AIDS disease. One tends to be plagued byfrequent colds, enlarged lymph nodes, and the similar.
Thisstatus can travel on for old ages. One is likely to be able toinfect others if one has ARC. Unfortunately, all those with ARCare presently felt to finally come on to acquiring the fullblown AIDS disease.There are, nevertheless, many folks who have NO obvious marksof disease what so of all time, but when their blood serum is testedthey show positive grounds of holding been exposedto the virus.This is on the footing of the fact that antibodies to the AIDSvirus are found in their blood. Such & # 8220 ; symptomless butseropositive & # 8221 ; folks may or may non transport plenty virus to beinfective. Most unhappily, though, current research and experiencewith the disease would look to bespeak that EVENTUALLY aboutall folks who are seropostive will develop the full blown AIDSdisease. There is one beam of hope here: It may in some instancestake up to 15 old ages or more between one & # 8217 ; s going seropositivefor the AIDS virus and one & # 8217 ; s developing the disease.
Therefore, allthose 1000000s ( shortly to be 10s and 100s of 1000000s ) whoare now seropositive for AIDS are under a sentence of decease, buta sentence that may non be carried out for one or two decennaries ina significan fraction of instances. Medical research holds thepossibility of transposing that sentence, or change by reversaling it.There is one other fact that needs to be mentioned herebecause it is extremely important in finding recommendationsfor safe sexual behavior which will be discussed below:Presently, it is felt that after exposure to the virus, mostfolks will turn seropositive for it ( develop a positive bloodtrial for it ) within four months. It is presently felt that ifyou are sexually exposed to a individual with AIDS and do non goseropositive within six months after that exposure, you willne’er become seropositive as a consequence of that exposure.Merely to confound the issue a small, there are a few folkswhose blood shows NO antibodies to the virus, but from whom livevirus has been cultured. Therefore, if one is seronegative, it is nonabsolute cogent evidence one is non exposed to the virus.
This class offolks is really difficult to prove for, and presently felt to be ratherrare. Some even speculate that such folks may be rare illustrationsof those who are immune to the effects of the virus, but thisremains guess. It is non known if such folks can besidestransmit the virus.Transmission of AIDS:The AIDS virus is highly delicate, and is killed byexposure to mild detergents or to chlorox, among other things.AIDS itself may be transmitted by existent virus atoms, or bythe transmittal of populating human CELLS that contain AIDS viralDNA already grafted onto the human DNA. Or both. Which of thesetwo mechanisms is the chief 1 is non known as I write thisessay.
But the fact remains that it is Very difficult to catch AIDSunless one engages in certain specific activities.What will NOT convey AIDS?Casual contact ( agitating custodies, caressing, sharing tools )can non convey AIDS. Although unrecorded virus has been recoveredfrom spit of AIDS patients, the techniques used to make thisinvolved concentrating the virus to extents many 1000s oftimes greater than occurs in normal human contact, such ascaressing ( including & # 8220 ; deep & # 8221 ; or & # 8220 ; French & # 8221 ; snoging ) . Therefore, thereremains no solid grounds that even & # 8220 ; deep & # 8221 ; snoging can conveyAIDS. Similarly, there is no grounds that sharing nutrient oreating utensils with an AIDS patient can convey the virus. Thesame is true for transmittal by sneezing or coughing.
There merelyis no current grounds that the disease can be transmitted thatway.The same may be true even for BITING, though here there may besome increased ( though still remote ) opportunity of conveying thedisease.The above is really of import. It means that there is NOmedical ground WHAT SO EVER to urge that AIDS suffers orAIDS antibody positive folks be quarrantined.
Suchrecommendations are motivated either by ignorance or by sinisterdesires to put up concentration cantonments. Combined with the factthat the disease is already good established in this state,the above besides means that there is no rational medical footing forin-migration Torahs forestalling visits by AIDS suffers or antibodypositive individuals.The above besides means that friends and household and coworkersof AIDS patients and seropostive individuals have nil to fearfrom such insouciant contact. There is no ground to non demo yourlove or concern for a friend with AIDS by encompassing the individual.Indeed, there appears still to be NO rational footing forexcepting AIDS suffers from nutrient readying activity. Even ifan AIDS suffer cuts his or her finger and bleeds into the salador soup, most of the cells and virus will decease, in most instances,before the nutrient is consumed. In add-on, it is highlyhard to acquire successfully attacked by AIDS via material youeat.
AIDS can non be transmitted by the act of GIVING blood to ablood bank. All equipment used for such blood contribution issterile, and is used merely one time, and so discarded.How is AIDS transmitted?Sexual activity is one of the primary ways AIDS istransmitted.
AIDS is transmitted particulary by the transmittalof blood or seeds of an septic individual into contact with theblood of an clean individual. Sexual activity affecting incursion of thephallus into either the vagina of a adult female or the rectum of eithera adult female or a adult male has a really high hazard of conveying thedisease. It is felt to be approximately four times MORE likely for aninfected male to convey AIDS to an clean adult female in theclass of vaginal sex than it is likely for an septic adult female totransmit AIDS to an clean male. This likely relates tothe greater country of damp tissue in a adult female & # 8217 ; s vagina, and to thecomparative liklihood of microscopic cryings to happen in that tissueduring sex. But the bottom line is that AIDS can be transmittedin EITHER way in the instance of heterosexual sex.