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WRITING TEST 2 – COMPARISION & CONTRAST

LIVING ON-CAMPUS AND LIVING OFF-CAMPUS

(1st Draft)

            Nowadays, every student has to decide on choosing the teachers and classes. As a result, accommodation is also a great concern of learners. There are two main options for the student, especially a foreign student who comes to a decision to study abroad, to opt for living on-campus or off-campus. Both choices have their own advantages and disadvantages. In general, living in the dorm or renting an apartment seem completely reserve.

    One obvious difference is the cost. People who reside on-campus pay double the amount of money than people living off-campus do. For example, the United States, where the learners are required to face to the cost about more than 20,000 US dollars for living cost on-campus per year, is not suitable for the students who live on a budget. According to Kate Ashford’s Journal on Forbes, “More than half of college students (54%) chose to live at home to make school more affordable, according to Sallie Mae’s most recent How America Pays for College report. That’s up from 43% just four years ago”. However, with this exorbitant price, it provides campus residents with an all-in package which means not only utility fees but also full-furnished room, whereas people who rent an apartment plan to purchase essential things from the beginning to the end and be responsible for paying monthly bills. In 2013, Jerry Slavonia – CEO of Campus Explorer mentioned this problem on Emily Driscoll’s journal that a ton of costs like cable, internet, electricity, garbage, and parking is listed included in the total living cost for the residential students, but most of those costs are tended to be different bills with non-residential students.

            Other areas of difference between residing in the dorm and residing outside the dorm involve issues of the convenience and the other services. Even though the off-campus room is extremely far from the academic buildings, students living off-campus accept all drawbacks to be more self-reliant with their lives and manage their time. While people who are residents of school campus always are constantly getting distracted by everything around them, off-campus students can give more attention to complete homework and do some errands because of their private space. Research has identified that factors which spurred students to move from on-campus rooms to off-campus private accommodations. These factors included destitute quality of nourishment campus, little rooms, and high noise levels (Cleave, 1996) In terms of other services, the Housing and Residence Life Department neither gives their residents free services such as printing, giving them the discount of laundry and offering the free meal for resident’s friends nor provides pocket money for them. Marshall University perfectly exemplifies this situation. This university always annually offers its learners who live on-campus 50 US dollars to spend on the services which are around school precincts.

            Nevertheless, living on-campus also has some dominant aspects. Firstly, it is an evident fact that people living in dormitories will be likely to attain higher their best performances. The San Diego State University (SDSU) – one of those universities which did this survey to prove the above opinion reported that “Residential students averaged a 2.81 GPA while off-campus students averaged a 2.38. Residential students living in one of the many “learning communities” averaged a 2.89.”. Moreover, when being a resident of school, it is an exceptional occasion for students expand their social lives by attending some events which are held on-campus and forming long-lasting relationships. An investigation has recorded that residential students are more likely than those non-residential students to connect with staff, take interested in extra curriculum activities and utilize academical asserts (Astin, 1984; Chickering, 1971, 1974; Pascarella, 1984; Pascarella et al., 1994; Welty, 1976).

            Despite these differences, these two apparently opposite accommodations have the only same thing in common is taking responsibility to clean up their rooms and having good senses of hygiene in public, which means students living on or off-campus regularly arrange their academic schedule and plan to tidy up their own personal place.

            Although the two views of housing differ in many areas such as cost, convenience and other services, the choice of housing will be chosen based on the student’s characters, needs, and economic conditions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total: 695 words

REFERENCES

            Kate Ashford (2014). More Millennials living at home to save on lollege costs. Journal Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/kateashford/2014/08/08/millenials-living-at-home/#5b43d9915171

            Emily Driscoll (2013). Great Housing Debate: Living On or Off-Campus. Journal of Fox Business. Retrieved from http://www.foxbusiness.com/features/2013/07/19/great-housing-debate-living-on-or-off-campus.html

            Cleave, S.L. (1996). Residence Retention: Reasons students choose to return or not to return. College Student Journal, 30(2), 187-200.

            The San Diego State University. Success Stats. Retrieved from http://housing.sdsu.edu/statistics.aspx

            Astin, A. W. (1984). Student involvement: A developmental theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Personnel, 25, 297-308.

            Chickering, A. W. (1971). Education outcomes for commuters and residents. Educational Record, 52, 255-261.

            Chickering, A. W. (1974). Commuting versus resident students. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

 

 

            Pascarella, E. T., Terenzini, P. T., & Blimling, G. S. (1994). The impact of residential

life on students. In C. C. Schroeder & P. Mable (Eds.), Realizing the educational potential of residence halls (pp. 22-52). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

            Welty, J. D. (1976). Resident and commuter students: Is it only the living situation?

Journal of College Student Personnel, 17, 465-468.

 

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