Animal Testing Essay, Research Paper
& # 65279 ; Animal Testing
? Beauty without inhuman treatment? is the call that can be heard from animate being right militants around
the universe. The FDA does non necessitate companies to execute trials on animate beings but if the decorative
merchandise contains chemicals that can be seen as toxins, proving becomes a necessity. There are
presently 13 safety trials that are performed on animate beings. Anti-testing militants deem these
unneeded and see them to be cruel. ? Fourteen million animate beings are used presently in the
U.S. to prove toxicity and irritancy of cosmetics and family merchandises? ( Hannah ) . Many new
signifiers of safety trials are being developed by companies to salvage money along with the lives of
guiltless animate beings.
There are three common safety trial that are in usage and considered to be the most
controversial. Among these are the Draize, LD50, and the tegument irritancy trial. The Draize trial is a
trial of how a chemical effects annoyance in the oculus. This trial is performed on coneies who under
controlled supervising have a chemical force into one of their eyes. The palpebra is so held shut
to forestall the chemical from being flushed out. For the following twosome of hebdomads the coneies are
tested for sightlessness and other amendss that consequence. Besides being opprobrious, the trial is imprecise
given the fact that a coney oculus is unlike the human oculus in physical make-up. A coney oculus deficiencies
tear canals to blush out foreign objects unlike worlds who can bring forth cryings to protect the oculus.
The cornea in a coney oculus is besides much dilutant and sensitive than a worlds.
The LD50 is short for? deadly dosage in 50 per centum? . In this trial the chemical being tested if
force Federal to rats or mice in little sums until the dose is in surplus. This is continued until at
least 50 % of the trial subjects die. Although the trial gnawer may non decease right off, it may
experience ictuss and internal harm. This trial is considered to be the most cruel of the trials
and can merely find how much of a chemical substance is needed to kill a little animate being non a
In the tegument irritancy test the chemical is applied directl
y onto the shaven tegument of a animate being.
The tegument is so monitored for annoyance. This trial is besides inconclusive in the skin make-up of an
carnal differs greatly from that of a human. The sum of soaking up between the two different
tegument types will hold an influence on how the chemical will respond once it comes in contact with
human tegument tissue.
Many companies such as Avon, Revlon, and Estee Lauder have wholly stopped the
usage of animate beings in proving their merchandises. Over 250 companies are besides following in their footfalls
and seeking new methods to bring forth the same consequence. One company has gone every bit far as
executing trials on nuns who have sympathized with those against carnal proving. ? None of the
nuns died. ? ? For the first clip in their lives, the nuns wore lipstick. ? ( Penders2 )
Using computing machine generated theoretical accounts is one illustration where research workers can foretell the how
the tegument will react to the chemicals utilizing cloned human tissue cells. The usage of egg membrane
has besides replaced the Draize trial. The membrane is removed from fresh eggs and so exposed to
a little sum of a chemical. Research workers can so detect the reaction by detecting the
dislocation of blood vass within the membrane. Although these methods are non considered to
be every bit good as proving on existent life animate beings they have greatly reduced the figure of animate beings
being killed in the name of scientific discipline. They have provided the consumer with a merchandise they can be
assured has non been tested on animate beings.
On the plus side animate being testing has reduced and eliminated the usage of unsafe toxins
from cosmetics. The battle to wholly stop the usage of animate being testing has non ended for animate being
militants. Until definite methods can be developed to accurately test chemicals, many companies
will decline to abandon their traditional signifiers of proving.
& # 65279 ;
Animal Testing & A ; environmental protection. Environmental Action, May/Jun90, Vol.21 Issue 6,
Holmes, Hannah Cruelty-free cosmetics. Garbage, Jul/Aug90, Vol.2 Issue 4, p59
Maier, Karyn Cruelty-free beauty. Better Nutrition, Apr99, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p64