Asiatic American Literature Essay, Research Paper
The demand for America to value the Native Speakers of Languages other than English. The late arrived immigrants face a linguistic communication barrier which is merely the portion of the many troubles they endure in US. Many of them are offended by the cultural facets of America which they do non understand. Even the 2nd coevals immigrants can non be accepted into the American mainstream. They are considered to be foreigners as their tegument colour is darker and their facial characteristics do non reflect a igniter skinned Americans. Chang-Rae Lee indicates that the colored Americans can non assist but see themselves inferior to the white Americans. In the Native Speaker, Henry attempts to take himself of his immigrant individuality through voyeurism. As a consequence, he becomes a treasonist to other immigrants. Lee does non compose about a character who is condemned to populate a prevarication. A transmutation in Henry occurs as he learns to see himself as an person and non as an American. As he learns to value his cultural background, he can appreciate other immigrants and sympathize with their adversities. The phrase.America for Americans x reveals the mainstream attitude toward the colored immigrants. Most of the late arrived immigrants are people of colour. They are easy distinguished from other Americans because of their different visual aspect, linguistic communication and civilization. Lee portrays many of these immigrant groups going a whipping boy to the unhappy Americans. The people who call themselves the.Americans ten protest against John Kwang s system of assisting the immigrants. They blame the immigrants of their joblessness and fiscal troubles. The authorities blames Kwang for corruptness in his traffics with the illegal foreigners. A closer expression at the American ill will toward the.illegal foreigners x indicates that non-whites are non accepted as Americans. The list of people who have participated in the ggeh are immigrants of assorted backgrounds and immigrant position. However, the mainstream media understands every one of the people in the list as take parting in the political corruptness. The American mainstream fails to accept cultural values of the immigrants. The thought of the ggeh overlooks the legality of the immigrant position. Kwang has been exerting the fatherlike concern over the immigrants in assisting them financially. It is a concerted attempt which requires trust and common involvement of constructing immigrant communities. One can non disregard the facet of political involvement in Kwang s run to assist the immigrants. However, one inquiries the locales of chances that the immigrants have without the aid from other immigrants. The credence of the Korean civilization would hold made the ggeh appear as an ethical system which enables immigrants to assist each other out. This cultural facet is ignored by the American mainstream and ggeh is viewed as a portion of the corruptness in the immigrant communities. Racism acts as an instrument which destroys the attempts of the immigrant communities to derive a fiscal standing in America. Lee discusses the ways in which the immigrants have tried to be accepted in America. The political authorization has failed for the immigrants as a consequence of their impotence in the mainstream. Economically, the Koreans have tried to derive stableness through the system of ggeh. Ggeh is a system of geting a big amount of money through the part of smaller sum from many people. Henry s male parent has used the ggeh in order to purchase his first food market shop. Then he becomes the proprietor of several shops and earns plenty money to populate in one of the most expensive vicinities in America. Henry s household learn that they are highly uncomfortable in the affluent eighborhood. They feel that they are irrupting on their white neighbours. Remembering his female parent s fright of piquing the white neighbours, Henry provinces, .what s she afraid of, what could be so bad that we had to be that careful of what people thought of us, as if we ought to soften finely about in offended pess through our immaculate vicinity x ( 52 ) . In their attempt to be portion of the.immaculate vicinity ten they try to remain off from the eyes of their neighbours. Clearly, Henry s parents do non suit in with their neighbours as they need to take great strivings to move as though they do non be. Lee inquiries the thought of success as a manner to derive credence in America. Henry s parents have non gained credence in their vicinity as their cultural values are non understood by the mainstream. They win economically at the cost of losing the friends who understand them. As the first coevals of Korean immigrants bought expensive houses, they have moved off from each other. They have sacrificed the relationships that has made them digest the adversities of early immigrant experience. While they have enjoyed the field daies and association football games during their early immigrant old ages, their increasing wealth has made them conceal behind the closed doors of their large houses and shops. Many immigrants have non merely sacrificed relationships with friends, they have created hostile relationships with other cultural groups. Henry s male parent is an illustration of person who places excessively much accent on gaining money. Many of his clients are spoken of in disdain, particularly when they are cultural minorities. Henry explains his male parent s brushs with African Americans as an indicant of selfishness. He states, . [ father ] felt nil for them. Not even commiseration. To him a black face meant incommodiousness, or problem, or the menace of decease. He ne’er met any inkinesss who measured up to his thought of decency x ( 186 ) . The African Americans can merely function as a agency to derive net income. They are non every bit respected as the white Americans by Henry s male parent. The pattern of racism is outlined as Henry s male parent excuses a white adult female from taking a bite out of an apple before concealing it on the tonss because she is a good client, in contrast to his behaviour toward inkinesss who are ever up to.funny concern. x Henry s male parent inherits the thoughts of philistinism and takes advantage of the group of people most disfavored in the American mainstream.
Lee reflects that Henry s male parent has lost his friends and lives a alone life because of his mercenary ends. Furthermore, he is non liked by other cultural minorities as a consequence of disrespecting them. He non merely looks down on them, he finds them in disdain. He feels threatened by the low societal and economic position of some of the cultural minorities. Lee states that many Korean shop proprietors are responsible for the struggle between the African Americans and the Korean Americans. They are responsible for pigeonholing certain cultural minorities as threatening. The shop proprietors need to recognize that they have earned money through the parts of the cultural minorities. In his effort to go an American, Henry s male parent has imitated America s disdain for the socially and economically disadvantaged. Under such upbringing, Henry grows up to be a adult male who despises his Korean influence. He wishes to be a.native ten of America. The American citizenship and proficiency in English linguistic communication do non do him an American. The metaphor of voyeurism describes his province of denial, the battle to bury his yesteryear. Henry participates in the community as an histrion. He fills the function of.acquaintances, insouciant friends. Sometimes lovers, societal drinkers, embracers of kids x as a undercover agent. Therefore, he lies about his individuality and betrays the people who come to swear him. He is a.stranger/follower/traitor/spy ten harmonizing to his married woman ( 5 ) . The ground for the reluctance to open up to people is much more complicated than associating it
merely as a ego defence mechanism. Henry s life as a undercover agent reflects that of his parents, 1s who have neglected to portion their feelings with each other. The duteous relationship is emphasized in the household life and Henry feels that he ne’er felt loved by his parents. His female parent was a.good female parent ten who seems to hold.treated [ motherhood ] like a occupation x ( 221 ) . Henry feels that his parents loved him non as an person, but merely as a boy. He states, .I wanted merely one time for my female parent and male parent to loosen up a small spot with me. Not handle me so much like a boy, like a figure in a long line of figures. They treated each other like that, excessively. Like it was their responsibility and non their love. x The text relates to the influence of Confucianism in the mode Henry s household interacts with each other. Turning up in America, Henry is familiar with the households of his white friends who reveal their feelings to each other. Henry feels that love should be showed in embracings, busss and comfy conversations. He does non larn that his parents have showed love toward him by covering up their hurting. They wanted to protect him by non sharing the adversities they have endured. The feelings are kept indoors because the parents were brought up to esteem each other by maintaining the distance. Young Henry does non recognize that his parents believed in loving each other by dependably carry throughing their functions. One can understand that the manner Henry’s past act uponing his relationship with Lelia. The ground for non opening up to her is non because he does non love her. He feels that it is his responsibility to protect Lelia from the harmful effects of cognizing the sort of work he does. Furthermore, he does non desire to portion the hurting of bewraying person. He does non miss the capacity to love or associate to other human existences because he does non openly portion his feelings. These qualities which have been influenced by his parents are neither understood nor appreciated by the mainstream. Voyeurism becomes a representation of Henry’s being in America. Many of his inner qualities are unseeable, they are hidden behind the functions he plays. Lelia argues that Henry does non uncover his ideas and emotions. She is non certain whether she is populating with the existent Henry. She states, “I didn’t cognize how you truly felt about anything, our matrimony. Me. You. I realized one twenty-four hours that I didn’t cognize the first thing about what was traveling on inside your caput. Sometimes I think you’re non even here, with the remainder of us, you know, engaged, present” ( 126 ) . Lelia does non understand Henry as he has non understood his parents. Henry’s parents were controlled by their civilization. Furthermore, afraid of piquing the Americans, they have concealed their individualities from their neighbours.
Lee points out another obstruction which hinders the disclosure of Henry & # 8217 ; s individuality in America. The Koreans and the Americans do non talk the same linguistic communication. There are some cultural facets which can non be transferred in a different linguistic communication. Even when Henry tries to explicate to Lelia that his silence is an honest quality in Korean civilization, it can merely be perceived by her as a negative look of his feeling. Lee illustrates the cultural facet which bonds the Koreans together. Henry recollects how he felt welcomed as a boy at his Korean friend Albert & # 8217 ; s house. He feels a bond that connects him with Albert & # 8217 ; s household as & # 8220 ; a acquaintance arose that should hold been impossible but wasn & # 8217 ; T and made [ him ] experience a small ill interior. It wasn & # 8217 ; t that Albert and [ he ] were similar ; [ they ] weren & # 8217 ; t, their parents weren & # 8217 ; t. It was something else & # 8221 ; ( 97 ) . The cultural facets make Henry feel at place in Albert & # 8217 ; s house. It is & # 8220 ; something else & # 8221 ; than being similar, it fails to be described in the linguistic communication of American civilization. In the same manner, Henry & # 8217 ; s experiencing toward John Kwang can non be said in English. Henry wishes that he and John can talk in Korean as he states, & # 8220 ; in these minutes that I wish for John Kwang to get down talking the other lingua we know ; somehow our English can & # 8217 ; t touch what I want to state. I want to name the simple Korean back to him the manner I one time could when I was Peter & # 8217 ; s age, our becoming linguistic communication of distance and bows, by which existent secrets may be easy courted, easy unveiled & # 8221 ; ( 275 ) . Korean linguistic communication is the sort of communicating that does non ever affect words. It incorporates the experiencing one acquires during the silence which involves the act of giving each other regard. Therefore, voyeurism does non reflect Henry & # 8217 ; s reluctance to appreciate the Korean civilization. Lee suggests that it is a complicated province in which a individual is neither wholly fitting in nor ousted out of a societal system. The individual experiences assorted civilizations without saying an commitment to any civilizations. As a consequence, Henry feels no duty toward any civilizations. He can work others without working himself. Lee proves otherwise as Henry & # 8217 ; s life analogues that of many other cultural minorities. The people of assorted civilizations are interrelated so that their actions affect each other. The consequence of a betrayal haunts the 1 who betrays and moreover harms the community. In bewraying John Kwang, Henry has non analyzed the sort of consequence he will hold on the remainder of the community. In order to convey down Kwang & # 8217 ; s political calling, Henry provides the ggeh list to Dennis who makes it into a charge against all immigrants. The mainstream shouts & # 8220 ; America for Americans & # 8221 ; reflecting the immigrants as parasites. The metaphor of the rabble in forepart of Kwang & # 8217 ; s house that beats up Kwang and Henry indicates both characters being harmed by the act of treachery. As Henry looks up at Kwang & # 8217 ; s face, he sees himself in the offended look of the older adult male. The lesson Lee proposes in the Native Speaker is that each immigrant makes an impact in the American community. No 1 can be unseeable even when they are non acknowledged by the mainstream. One can non be removed from a cultural experience by pretermiting it. In America, Lee writes that one does non possess one native linguistic communication. Each individual captures the influence of many linguistic communications and civilizations. Henry states that the immigrants & # 8220 ; will larn every lesson of speech pattern and parlance, and [ they ] will level every last pretence and pattern & # 8221 ; one holds as one & # 8217 ; s native civilization ( 320 ) . Lee acknowledges the importance of larning the & # 8220 ; lesson of speech pattern & # 8221 ; and non of talking the English as a & # 8220 ; native. & # 8221 ; The speech patterns represent the assorted colourss of the immigrant experiences that can non be dismissed. The speech patterns reflect on the individualities of the immigrants which can be appreciated. Historically, immigrants have been accused of practising voyeurism and became whipping boies of the hard times. The mainstream has used their linguistic communication and civilization against them. The immigrants were promoted to cultivate self contempt because of the facets of themselves which were foreign to the American mainstream. Lee indicates that such reaction can merely take to the treachery of oneself every bit good as of other immigrants. One of the ways to avoid bewraying oneself is to keep the unity of one & # 8217 ; s immigrant experience. He encourages the readers to forestall themselves from going an American. They need to go persons that value their assorted cultural beliefs and patterns. The image of appreciating many speech patterns of English is portrayed through the address session given by Lelia and Henry. Alternatively of rectifying the speech patterns to Lelia & # 8217 ; s pronunciation, each of the pupils are valued for their different ways of talking English. Furthermore, each of their names are pronounced in their ain linguistic communications. This is the vision that Lee holds for America, a topographic point which values each immigrants for their assorted linguistic communications and cultural experiences.