In the battleground, communicating is an of import facet of warfare ; it is one of the cardinal variables that determine whether an operation is a success or a failure.

Purpose:

The intent of this study is to give a good apprehension as to why the Warfighter Information Network is a good pick to when it comes to the communicating facet of the Mechanized Mobile Tank. It will give elaborate information of the systems parts and what it can make for the armored combat vehicle.

Problem:

Our mechanized Mobile armored combat vehicle ( MMT ) will manage assorted operations and must be good informed of the current state of affairs of the battleground, which includes cognizing where to travel at all times, what are its current aims and alterations that can and will go on in the heat of conflict and describe all of the information gathered back to its chief base. In order to win in its operation, it must hold a changeless and speedy signifier of communicating in order to transport out its occupation.

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Solution:

The solution towards this job is to integrate or utilize as its chief signifier of communicating, the Warfighter Information Network – Tactical ( WIN-T ) .

Scope:

This study will travel over the basic information about the WIN-T and why it is the best option to utilize for the communications system of the MMT. It will travel over the four basic increases of the WIN-T, giving a item of each one and what it does for the MMT.

Background:

The WIN-T is the newest, most nomadic and fastest communicating web for the Army to this day of the month. This web is comprised of four subdivisions called “ Increases ” . Each web has the occupation of supplying information to and from the battleground from all angles and positions, integrating information received from individual or multiple battalions, to information received from an revolving orbiter. To be effectual in the battleground, the WIN-T is besides capable of being self mending where as to one specific node has been lost and such, the bing nodes will be able to take up the lost nodes occupation and go on on until it able to be picked back up. The WIN-T is the following measure in battleground communications where it is to integrate the idealism of a nomadic communicating system. Current communications are presently in the signifier of a halt and speak trade. Where a little group of soldiers ; units, battalions or otherwise, would hold to halt and put up communications with their chief base of operations in order to acquire updated or receive new orders. The WIN-T is to be a dynamic system where alterations are made on the fly, and missions can be changed harmonizing to the information received and quickly transmitted to the proper battalions.

Discussion:

Increment one is the chief node that the other three increases revolve about. It is the chief “ base of operations ” for the web, managing information coming in and out of the battleground. It has the occupation of fundamentally interpreting the information coming from the other increases and giving the desired or necessary information to the needed increase. It is presently is a semi stationary shelter that merely moves when it needs to. It is in footings it is the basic “ central offices ” of the WIN-T. Increment one is the Joint Network Node ( JNN ) but with added capablenesss ; what used to be itself now became increment one. “ ‘The Joint Network Node is a Joint-compatible communications bundle that allows the Warfighter to utilize advanced networking capablenesss, retain interoperability with current force systems, and maintain in measure with future webs. The JNN provides a suite of voice, picture, and informations communicating tools designed to run into the demands of Division, Brigadeand Battalion Command Post constructions. It is a quickly deployable, early-entry system housed in an S-250 shelter and mounted on an ECV HMMWV for axial rotation on/roll off mobility. ‘ “ [ 2 ] The MMT is designed to be an violative and defensive arm in the battleground and can be adaptable to what is needed. It can function as the cardinal node if needed. Although it will non back up any of the violative capablenesss, it will be able to function as the semi-mobile central office for any operations.

Increment Two is the initial mobility of the WIN-T. Increment Two ‘s mobility relies on the units that work under it. It consists of communications from groups of single units runing from battalions down to companies. Increment two has the capablenesss of taking the occupation of increment one should the demand arise. This is what makes the WIN-T system self-healing where it can still run even without the cardinal node and go on on. Although increment one is the chief nucleus of the web, increase two would supply the most information and be the chief focal point of the full web. Battalions, squads and other battleground units are able to entree the web to supply critical information to all other units in the field or direct information back to increment one.

Bing that increase two will be on the battleground in the bulk footing, one of the chief jobs of increment two is being able to maintain a changeless signal to all the units. A stationary unit would of course have more informations velocities ; 1 M per second, while traveling units could make up to ; 128 Ks per second. [ 3 ] The solution to the contact signal job would include a two wave form communications system. The two wave forms would dwell of the Line of Sight ( LOS ) communicating and SATCOM ; communications through the usage of a orbiter. Line of Sight is what the term says ; being able to see the other unit while being able to maintain a ocular on them. To guarantee that the unit in a group or located far off is still within communicating, the system will automatically exchange to SATCOM when the LOS signal is lost and maintain the unit in cheque. SATCOM would chiefly be used as the backup communications merely when of all time LOS signal is lost. Army Col. William “ Chuck ” Hoppe describes it as “ ‘if you ‘re on a line-of-sight nexus and you ‘re traveling, and you drop down into a vale and the individual you had line of sight with is on the other side of the vale, you lose that line-of-sight nexus, you ‘re out of the web. [ With ] Increment 2, you ‘ve got HNW and NCW on the same vehicle. We ‘re invariably trying the quality of the nexus. If that link quality starts to deteriorate, the system automatically sets up a satcom nexus and cuts you over to satcom. … So you ne’er drop out of the web even though you ‘ve dropped down in the vale. And so as you come back out of the vale and you re-establish that line of sight, it breaks down the orbiter nexus and puts you back on the tellurian nexus. That is the fast one. ‘ “ [ 3 ] This is the critical communicating that the MMT demands in order to transport out its occupation. With a steady flow of communicating velocities, holding the SATCOM as a secondary signifier of communicating should it free regular contact and be able to set its operations on the fly, the MMT will be to the full capable of remaining on the occupation at all times until its mission is completed or otherwise directed.

Increment three is the full mobility facet of the WIN-T. This increase will have support from aerial units such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles ( UAV ) . Just like increment two, it will besides be self-healing and be able to take on the capablenesss that increment one and two have. “ Additionally Increment 3 is aligned with Future Combat Systems ( FCS ) and introduces embedded JC4ISR wirelesss into the FCS platforms. Increment 3 addresses the size, weight, power, and chilling demands for systems to be hosted in FCS vehicles. ”

Increment four is referred to as the protected orbiter communicating. This increase is as of now non legibly available due to the deficiency of tested and financess. It is to be a changeless and high velocity protected communicating system. Increment four is the Transformational Satellite Communications system which deals with what was antecedently mentioned about the protected orbiter communications. Its occupation was to link the military subdivisions such as the Department of Defense, the Air Force and such but unluckily, due to budget costs it was terminated. Nevertheless, increment four corsets as the following portion of the WIN-T should a feasible communications system be introduced.

Decision:

In decision, the Warfighter Information Network – Tactical provides the optimum confidence of maintaining the MMT in melody with the battleground. With the WIN-T, the gun armored combat vehicle will be able to execute all of its responsibilities successfully and be able to accommodate to the current state of affairs provided by the information received from it or from external nodes ; such as nearby battalions or aerial units. Although the WIN-T system is immature at this clip, it is a extremely adaptable communicating system that allows all signifiers of information assemblage and direction systems, to suit in and supply more power to WIN-T.

Mentions:

  1. “ Warfighter Information Network – Tactical ( WIN-T ) Accelerating the Transformation, ” hypertext transfer protocol: //www.gdc4s.com/content/detail.cfm? item=538ca0ca-4675-4291-84e8-bf047859281f Accessed October 5, 2009.
  2. “ Warfighter Information Network – Tactical: ‘It ‘s existent, it ‘s here and it works, ‘ ” hypertext transfer protocol: //www.army.mil/-news/2009/07/28/25076-warfighter-information-network-tactical-its-real-its-here-and-it-works/ Accessed September 30, 2009.
  3. “ WIN-T Usshers in new morning for battleground communications, ” hypertext transfer protocol: //defensesystems.com/Articles/2009/05/06/PEO-Interview-Hoppe.aspx? Page=4 Accessed October 12, 2009.
  4. “ WIN-T Usshers in new morning for battleground communications, ” hypertext transfer protocol: //defensesystems.com/Articles/2009/05/06/PEO-Interview-Hoppe.aspx Accessed September 30, 2009.
  5. “ Department of Defense Global Information Grid Architectural Vision, ” hypertext transfer protocol: //www.defenselink.mil/cio-nii/docs/GIGArchVision.pdf Accessed October 5, 2009.
  6. “ Joint Network Node, ” hypertext transfer protocol: //www.gdc4s.com/content/detail.cfm? item=127f5244-7751-4b2a-827c-6572eb4132Af6 Accessed October 10, 2009.
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