Augustus Caesar Essay, Research Paper
Augustus Caesar was born Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 BC His female parent, Atia, was the niece of Julius Caesar ; her female parent was Caesar & # 8217 ; s sister. Octavian & # 8217 ; s household was an old and affluent one from the little town of Velitrae. Octavian & # 8217 ; s father died when he was four old ages old and he was adopted by his great uncle Julius Caesar. At the age of 16 Octavius traveled to Spain with Julius in his run against Pompey the great. During the journey Octavian suffered many adversities including unwellness and a ship wreak that he narrowly escaped, his enterprise impressed Caesar. In 44B.C Octavian learned that Julius Caesar was murdered as portion of a political confederacy. Octavian returned to Rome to detect that Caesar left him the majority of his estate in his will. Soon after this heritage Octavian took the name of Gaius Julius Caesar and at the age of 18 took control of Rome.
When Octavian returned to Rome his two chief ends were to claim his heritage and to avenge Julius Caesar & # 8217 ; s decease. To make so he tried to make an confederation with his challenger Marc Antony. Antony took a rough attitude to Octavian because of his age and even tried to barricade his heritage from Caesar. As a consequence, Octavian went to the senate and used their forces to get the better of Antony at the conflict of Mutina. At the terminal of the conflict in 43B.C Octavian learned that the senate planned to utilize him to take Antony and so fling himself. To halt this Octavian met with Antony and Aemilius Lepidus to organize the 2nd Triumvirate of Rome. This trade was sealed with matrimony, Octavian wed the girl of Antony & # 8217 ; s married woman and subsequently Antony married Octavian & # 8217 ; s sister. The triumvirs rapidly had themselves voted limitless powers and began to eliminate their resistance, particularly those related with the slaying of Julius Caesar. Hundreds of Roman & # 8217 ; s were killed during this procedure. After that Octavian and Antony confronted Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, the leaders of the confederacy against Caesar. At the conflicts of Phillipi in Greece the last of their forces were destroyed and Brutus and Cassius were killed.
Octavian and Antony divided Rome between them after there triumph, Octavian took the West and Anto
New Yorks took the E. Lepidus was pushed aside and finally ended his life under house apprehension. The relationship between Antony and Octavian steadily fell apart. It was patched up by Antony’s matrimony to Octavian’s sister, and in 36B.C the two cooperated to get the better of Sextus Pompeius ( the boy of Pompey ) in Sicily. This impermanent terminal to belligerencies led to an inevitable struggle. In the east Antony formed a close relationship with Cleopatra, Queen of the Egyptians. Antony gave her Roman districts that used to belong to Egypt, and showed marks that he was seeking to organize an independent monarchy in Asia. Octavian found out about this and in 32B.C Rome declared war on Antony and Cleopatra. Octavian gathered a fleet and an ground forces and moved east. The Roman forces defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the naval conflict of Actium on September 2, 31B.C. The two lovers escaped to Egypt and subsequently committed self-destruction when surrounded by Octavian’s forces. He so annexed Egypt as a Roman state. Octavian than became the exclusive swayer of Rome and gave the visual aspect of a restored Roman democracy. However Octavian realized that a to the full restored democracy would take to a bloody civil war so he proclaimed himself princep of Rome which was along the same lines as a consul.
In 12A.D Augustus was granted the rubric of Augustus from the senate, at foremost he refused but so subsequently accepted. As swayer Augustus & # 8217 ; major concerns were internal reform and external defence. In Rome he revised the senate axial rotation and enforced many Torahs against immorality, he even sent his ain girl into expatriate for several histories of criminal conversation. Augustus besides focused on faith, in 12A.D he was elected pontifex maximus, or caput priest. Whenever possible he revived old imposts trying to beef up nationalism and societal order in Rome. His many edifice undertakings repaired old ages of disregard and greatly improved the metropolis. As he grew older Augustus attempted to happen and heir to the regulation of Rome. After his three grandsons either died or proved unfit he was forced to turn to Tiberius, his married woman & # 8217 ; s boy by her first hubby. Augustus died in 14A.D and the fact that Tiberius succeeded him without internal jobs or a civil war proves that Augustus was successful in making a new and permanent political order, The Roman Empire.