Australia Essay, Research Paper
Australia is the universe & # 8217 ; s smallest continent and sixth-largest state. With
proportionally more desert land than any other continent, Australia has a low
population denseness. Liing wholly in the Southern Hemisphere, Australia is
bounded by the Indian Ocean on the West and south and by the Pacific Ocean on
the E. These oceans merge on the North in the Arafura Sea between Australia
and Indonesia and New Guinea, and on the South in the Bass Strait. The
coastline length, estimated at 19,200 kilometer ( 12,000 myocardial infarction ) , is unusually short for so
big an country, a consequence of the comparative deficiency of indenture. Major recesss other
than the Gulf of CARPENTARIA and the GREAT AUSTRALIAN BIGHT are few.
A autonomous member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Australia celebrated its
bicentenary in 1988z. It is a federation of five mainland provinces ( NEW SOUTH
WALES, QUEENSLAND, SOUTH AUSTRALIA, VICTORIA, WESTERN AUSTRALIA ) and one island
province ( TASMANIA ) , every bit good as two districts ( AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY,
NORTHERN TERRITORY ) . The state & # 8217 ; s name derives from the Latin terra australis
incognita, intending & # 8220 ; unknown southern land, & # 8221 ; which resulted from a confusion
between Australia and A
ntarctica on early universe maps.
In many ways Australia is unusual among continents. It lacks major alleviation
characteristics and has a high proportion of dry land. The continent & # 8217 ; s isolation from
other landmasses histories for its alone assortments of flora and carnal life,
and for the being of a Paleolithic ( Old Stone Age ) civilization among the
Natives. Except for Antarctica, Australia was likely the last continent to
be inhabited by worlds and the last to be explored and settled by Europeans. It
is the lone continent consisting a individual nation-state.
Dutch adventurers foremost sighted Australia in the early seventeenth century. Capt. James
COOK explored the east seashore in 1770 and claimed the land for Great Britain. In
1778 the first colony ( SYDNEY ) was founded at an first-class seaport on the
sou’-east seashore. British inmates played an of import function in the district & # 8217 ; s
early history. The find of gold and other ores attracted immigrants, but
Australia remained a chiefly agricultural state until World War II.
Subsequent industrialisation has been rapid, and today Australia ranks as one of
the universe & # 8217 ; s most economically developed states, although huge countries of the
interior, known as the Outback, remain all but uninhabited.