Even before the
introduction of television into everyday life over 50 years ago, the question
of whether exposure to violence in the media made the viewer more violent was
being debated. however it was the introduction of television into the peoples
home in the early 50s  that really
stimulated an explosion of scientific research on the topic. In this research  some empirical studies carried out by
researcher going to review show  accumulated research  which indicts media violence as a cause for
viewers’ aggressive behaviour  and look
at the argument against. find it so difficult to accept conclusions
regarding media violence that arc supported by large amounts of evidence while
they title it easy to accept conclusions about other threats to public health
supported by less compelling evidence. However, Let us start with an
explication of the psychological processes through which exposure to media
violence has an effect on viewers’ violent and aggressive behaviour. Understanding
these processes is the key to understanding what the body of

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At the beginning of the
new millennium, considerable controversy remains over the proliferation of
violence on television, movies, music, and new media such as video games and
the Internet. It is unlikely that the controversies over media violent impact
are to be resolved in the near future, or that consensus will be reached
regarding the importance of media violence as a causal contributor to societal
violence. large-scale study funded by the Centres for Disease Control and

has established a
conclusive link between exposure to media violence and adolescents’ violent
behavior and general aggression (Boxer et al., 2009). Boys who view violent
television programming at ages two to five years are at increased risk for
antisocial behavior at ages seven to 10 years (Christakis & Zimmerman,

A studies carried out by
National Institute of Mental Health, and numerous studies conducted by leading
figures within r medical and public health organizations stated  overwhelmingly to a causal connection between
media violence and aggressive behavior in some children. The conclusion of the
public health community, based on over 30 years of research, is that viewing

violence can lead to
increases in aggressive attitudes, values and
behavior, particularly in children”

Various hypotheses have
been offered to describe processes of influence which violent TV might have on
children’s behavior. All I can do here is to refer to some of these proposed
processes briefly. No single process is likely to offer an adequate

Violence is defined by the World
Health Organization as the intentional use of physical force or the threat of
force, against oneself, another person or group, resulting in the production or
possibility of causing injury or death, psychological harm, poor development or
deprivation. (WHO, 2002) Injuries caused by violence are often more extensive
than the physical aspects, generating psychological damage and shaping a real
social problem. Violent behavior, considered to be unacceptable and blamed in
the context of the contemporary life is, however, frequently met all over the


Gerbner defined violence as
“The overt expression of physical force against others or self, or the
compelling of action against one’s will on pain of being hurt or killed”
With this definition he conclusion that prime-time TV contained about serval
instances of violence per hour.


Several reviews by researchers,
professional associations, and organizations all agree that exposure to media
violence is causally related to aggressive behaviour this results from several
studies reveals a dominant and consistent pattern in favour of the notion that
exposure to violent media images will increase the risk of aggressive behaviour.



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