Background Even before theintroduction of television into everyday life over 50 years ago, the questionof whether exposure to violence in the media made the viewer more violent wasbeing debated. however it was the introduction of television into the peopleshome in the early 50s that reallystimulated an explosion of scientific research on the topic. In this research some empirical studies carried out byresearcher going to review show accumulated research which indicts media violence as a cause forviewers’ aggressive behaviour and lookat the argument against. find it so difficult to accept conclusionsregarding media violence that arc supported by large amounts of evidence whilethey title it easy to accept conclusions about other threats to public healthsupported by less compelling evidence. However, Let us start with anexplication of the psychological processes through which exposure to mediaviolence has an effect on viewers’ violent and aggressive behaviour. Understandingthese processes is the key to understanding what the body ofAt the beginning of thenew millennium, considerable controversy remains over the proliferation ofviolence on television, movies, music, and new media such as video games andthe Internet.
It is unlikely that the controversies over media violent impactare to be resolved in the near future, or that consensus will be reachedregarding the importance of media violence as a causal contributor to societalviolence. large-scale study funded by the Centres for Disease Control andPrevention has established aconclusive link between exposure to media violence and adolescents’ violentbehavior and general aggression (Boxer et al., 2009).
Boys who view violenttelevision programming at ages two to five years are at increased risk forantisocial behavior at ages seven to 10 years (Christakis & Zimmerman,2007). A studies carried out byNational Institute of Mental Health, and numerous studies conducted by leadingfigures within r medical and public health organizations stated overwhelmingly to a causal connection betweenmedia violence and aggressive behavior in some children. The conclusion of thepublic health community, based on over 30 years of research, is that viewingentertainment violence can lead toincreases in aggressive attitudes, values andbehavior, particularly in children” Various hypotheses havebeen offered to describe processes of influence which violent TV might have onchildren’s behavior. All I can do here is to refer to some of these proposedprocesses briefly.
No single process is likely to offer an adequateexplanation.Violence is defined by the WorldHealth Organization as the intentional use of physical force or the threat offorce, against oneself, another person or group, resulting in the production orpossibility of causing injury or death, psychological harm, poor development ordeprivation. (WHO, 2002) Injuries caused by violence are often more extensivethan the physical aspects, generating psychological damage and shaping a realsocial problem. Violent behavior, considered to be unacceptable and blamed inthe context of the contemporary life is, however, frequently met all over theworld, Gerbner defined violence as”The overt expression of physical force against others or self, or thecompelling of action against one’s will on pain of being hurt or killed”With this definition he conclusion that prime-time TV contained about servalinstances of violence per hour. Several reviews by researchers,professional associations, and organizations all agree that exposure to mediaviolence is causally related to aggressive behaviour this results from severalstudies reveals a dominant and consistent pattern in favour of the notion thatexposure to violent media images will increase the risk of aggressive behaviour.