Have you of all time known the psychological idea of bondage? Well. if non so you’re non entirely. Turning up. all throughout simple. center. and high school I was taught the basic things about bondage. but non the psychological apprehensions. When I read this book by Na’im Akbar. I was get downing to understand what was go oning in those slavery yearss. The author’s positions upon bondage were really similar to mine. but I enjoyed reading the book. In chapter one. The Psychological Bequest of Slavery includes inkinesss attitudes toward work. belongings. the buffoon. personal lower status. community division. the household. and colour favoritism. I agree with everything that Dr. Akbar provinces in this chapter. except for black’s attitudes towards work. He stated that many of black’s attitudes towards work are a consequence of our bondage experiences. Those negative experiences associated with work continue to work as unconscious influences on us that make us react in ways which may be contrary to our witting purpose.

I do non hold with this because I am an African American myself. From experience many black’s attitudes toward work does non come from bondage experiences. merely because everybody didn’t have those types of negative experiences as being a slave or working in today’s society. But. I do hold with Dr. Akbar when he states that over 300 old ages experienced in slavery’s ferociousness and unnaturalness constituted a terrible psychological and societal daze in the heads of African-Americans bequest of bondage towards working. While. the historiographer has touched on the worlds of bondage ( past events ) . psychologists and sociologists “have failed to go to to the continuity of jobs in our mental and societal lives which clearly have roots in slavery” . said Dr. Akbar. In chapter two. it talks about Liberation from Mental Slavery. but Dr. Akbar positions in this subdivisions include: Schemes to Interrupt the Chains of Slavery. Knowledge of Self. Celebration of Self. Courage. Umoja ( Unity ) . Faith. and Geting to Work to Make it Happen.

He said. “In order to alter the African American consciousness we must alter the information that is in the African head. I agree with him because Africans Americans in America are merely taught the American truths and non in the roots of their ascendants which are the Africans. Dr. Akbar besides mentioned that the most powerful arm that we have in developing any sort of independency of freedom is through integrity ; through integrity. interrupting the mental ironss of bondage requires us to stand together despite the definitions of divisions of that we have been given under the slave’s consciousness.

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I agree with this one- hundred per centum. because the definition of integrity is being combined into as one. and as one. as squad there are many achievements that can be done such as. freedom. I thought that Dr. Akbar made a great point when it came to faith. He said that religion is a shield from our frights. and he couldn’t explicate even more. If you don’t believe in something have faith in it. Faith is non believing that God can. it is cognizing that he will. Dr. Akbar besides stated that. the slaves had to maintain their religion that one twenty-four hours everything would work out and that they would one twenty-four hours be free. This is the power of religion and it was the power of religion that took Harriet Tubman back and Forth on her many trips on the Underground Railroad. They’re chief obstructions were to make their end of being freed everlastingly.

Finally. in the last chapter in the book it discussed Racial Religious Inquiry and Psychological Confusion. This choice includes: Religious Imagery. Impact on the Psychology of the Portrayed Race. and The Solution. Harmonizing to Dr. Akbar. “Modern pupils and bookmans of the head have non adequately cover with the influence of spiritual symbols and imagination on the thought of people. ” “The assignment of peculiar features to the Creator is one of the most destructive thoughts in the universe today. ” says Akbar. “The image of the Creator sets the tone for the potency of creativeness in the human domain. ” I agree with him because people create all types of images of God and truly no 1 has an thought of what he looks like. Dr. Akbar says. “Perhaps the most distressing fact is that this Caucasic image of Divinity has become an unconsciously commanding factor in the psychological science of African-Americans. ” There have been narratives about Jesus Christ and God being Whites. and that the blond-haired. fair-haired images of Jesus are historically wrong.

However says Akbar. “In malice of this critical scholarship. many of our most extremist thought Afro-american bookmans and reverends are loath to openly dispute what they have come to believe unconsciously is really the image of God. ” In the Ten Commandments. regulation figure two provinces “thou shalt make unto thee any graven image” which means people shouldn’t create an image for God because they have no thought what colour. form. or size he truly is. For African-Americans. racial spiritual imagination is even more annihilating. The writer states that. taking the images from the society can clearly protect the immature kids from the influence of such images. We can protect them from this influence on their thought which makes them view themselves in a deformed and unnatural manner. I besides agree with Dr. Akbar because if immature kids believe that God is white or that God looks a certain manner so they will believe that for life. They should be taught to larn that God is non what they think he looks like or what people may state them how he looks.

They besides should cognize that the false images that they have been portraying are negative things because it’s written in the Ten Commandments. The existent challenge ; nevertheless is to take the racial images of Deity from our ain heads. In decision. Dr. Akbar has done a superb occupation of placing wonts in the black community that are literally the consequences of bondage. This is a thought provoking book that causes the reader to measure their ain actions. You may non be every bit free as you think one time you read what Dr. Akbar has to state about the deep psychological harm that has been done to black people over the old ages. In the book he covers a assortment of interesting subjects from. the black households. and inkinesss making anything to be accepted by Whites. Why the lone images that the African American community has are of jocks and entertainers. and the beginning consequence. which is holding a self-respect ; that has no similarity with your cultural construction. All get downing readers should truly believe in their head that. white. and black should read this book in an effort to understand why the things that are go oning today and what was the root of all these jobs.

Yes. I am a proud proprietor of this book. and I must state it is really interesting. With all the cognition that is coming to visible radiation. it is astonishing. History does necessitate to be rewritten and retold and through it all we as African Americans can non bury we came from a group of people who were subsisters through all this pandemonium and falsity. Dr. Akbar managed to capture so many issues that black people face today. Not merely did he province the issues. but he besides provided us with solutions or agencies of interrupting the ironss. After reading this book I was enlightened. devoted to alter. portion the information and do a difference in the lives of black people. They knew the truth will put you free. God kept them in their religion. and faith separated them. Once faith separated us. we started copying others civilizations and this is where interrupting the ironss of psychological bondage comes from. I believe this book is merely for those who are willing to open their heads and put an terminal to negative perceptual experiences of themselves. Education is the cardinal to doing a better African American community ; this book deserves 10 stars.

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