Building Information Modelling (BIM) aims at the collaboration of various processes involved in the early stages of construction projects with promising improvements in construction quality and efficiency. But existing contractual methods hinder the optimum use of BIM. This chapter reviews the case of Sweden and focuses on identifying the hindrances involved in BIM collaboration and digital information. It shares an understanding of the connections between the professional environment and contractual provisions that affect the business relationships among various disciplines. Moreover, the research aims at examining the links amid the commercial and legal setting of construction contracts and the consequential procedures and behaviors that hamper BIM collaboration.
The core use of BIM technology is collaboration across varying disciplines through facility life cycles. The main purpose of this study experienced in the Swedish construction is to shed a light on the barriers and challenges BIM faces in terms of contracts and performances. Various methods for the study includes document review, industry interviews and Focus Group Interviews(FGI) which evaluates different emerging issues and are analyzed to alleviate BIM errors in contracts and behaviors.
Further various guides and its agreements have been discussed in the chapter which talks about how the BIM collaboration can be controlled and how the data, as well as a deliverable, can be managed using a strategic BIM plan which agrees on common goals. Several parts and issues are investigated based on the surveys carried out. A summarized and categorized overview of contracts and their respective features relating to BIM projects according to different contracts are the risk, fees/reward, responsibility, intellectual property, legal liability, insurance, incentives for project success and industry tendencies.
Significant obstacles for BIM collaboration are lack of standardized documents, responsibility for the accuracy of a data, unstructured and sub-optimal means, exposing teams to unnecessary risk, inequitable distribution of risk and reward, repetition of data, imbalanced investment and difficulties in defining the boundaries. Such circumstances affect the behavioral pattern due to which an agency develops an isolated internal standard out of fear and insecurities which makes the implementation of new collaborative procedures difficult.
Conclusively, the chapter highlights many distinct phenomena which are harmful to BIM projects and authorizes the need for personalized BIM collaboration. To increase the efficiency and use of BIM for building projects, lack of contractual provisions which sport technology and processes for various disciplines should be updated in a standardized format. This study familiarizes to discrete hurdles in BIM and it becomes necessary to reduce or remove BIM inertia by understanding various behaviors and outcomes which needs to be changed.