has been assumed a country of immigrants since the time when the first newcomers
arrived to this territory. When Canada was founded as a country, the issue of
becoming a Canadian citizen occurred. The first procedure of obtaining
citizenship has been legally appeared in 1947 in the Canadian Citizenship
Act(the “Act”) (Pear 21,1947).
On October 11, 2017, the Actunderwent recent amendments, especially regarding
the naturalization process for immigrants.As a result, the new requirements
were implemented into a six-stage process of obtaining Canadian citizenship.For
many immigrants, to be a citizen is not only
the final step of the immigration process but also the usage of diverse
benefits from it.For example, non-citizens in Canada do not have political
rights such as running for office andvoting.Also, among the benefits are
ability to work in high secured jobs, opportunity easily travel with consulate
support if needed,no doubt of being deported.
eligibility criteria for those, who came to Canada as a permanent resident,
consist of four basic requirements. First of all, having a Permanent Resident
(PR) status in Canada, including no unmet conditions related to the PR status,
not being under review because of immigration or fraud, and not being under a
removal order. Secondly, having
the required physical presence in Canada. By new amendments to the Act
(R.S.C., 1985, c. C-29) needed physical presence in Canada reduced to 3
(1095 days) out of 5 years. The third criteria, the age range for language and
knowledge requirements reduced to 18-54 years old out of 14-64 years old.The
last criteria required time for applicants to file income taxes before applying
for citizenship is reduced to 3 out of 5 year.
The application process is a crucial
part of the prosess of obtaining citizenship that consists of an application package, application
fees, and submission. The application package includes the instruction guide
and all the forms that are needed to fill out.TheCitizenship and Immigration
Canada (CIC) (Government of
Canada,2017)website provides the list of packages, that is required
applicant. Once, the application has been selected it is required todownload the form, completely
fill out and sign it.In between, the quoted documents should be included to the package. At
the same time, the application fees must be payed via the official CIC website.
Finally, the completed application form, along with all documents, and payment receipt
might be send to the Case Processing Centre
(CPC) in Sydney,Ontario.Processing times may be
around 12 months,
depending on how many applications the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada office had received.
As soon asCPC received a completed application form,the processing procedure
begins immediately. As a result, the applicant may get an acknowledgement receipt by mail or email.
The last step before the citizenship ceremony
is citizenship test, which is taken to confirm sufficient knowledge about
Canada (geography, history, society, values, etc.). The official CIC website
online study guide for preparation to the citizenship test (Study Guide,
2017). According toa new amendments to the Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-29),it
is being required to accomplish a citizenship test only for the applicants who
are between 18 and 54 years old. Usually it is a written test, but sometimes can
be conducted orally with a citizenship officer or judge. If citizership test
has been seccesfully completed, the aplicant will be invited to attend the ceremony.
The final stage of the process of becoming a citizen, is to take
the Canadian Citizenship Oath, receive a Citizenshipcertificate, and singthe national
anthem at the ceremony (CP-15
Guide). The most considerable here is totake the Oath
of Citizenship by which a candidate declare to be loyal to the Queen, to obey
Canadian’s law and customs, to fulfill the duties of the Canadian citizen.The
second, not less significant, is actually the presentation of theCitizen Certificates by the citizenship
judge. Right after that is essential to sign the Oath of Citizenship form,
whereby the candidate confirms itsaction. The last but not least part of the
citizenship ceremony is to singthe national anthem”O Canada”, which eventually closes the ceremony and whole
process of obtaining Canadian citizenship.
conclusion, the most recent changes to the procedure and requirements to the
Canadian citizenship process confirm the crucial support to accommodate the
needs of the potential applicants. The rise of granting of Citizenship Certificates
is interconnected with the government’s needs to increase the filling of labor
gaps, boosting of the
economy, and the encouraging of political participation.