Immanuel Kant believed in utilitarianism. which is the moral doctrine that says we should move in such ways as to do the greatest figure of people happy as possible. This is why he introduced the categorical jussive mood. As a moral jurisprudence. it is a bid that is unqualified and non dependent on any conditions or makings. In short. it tells us to move in such a manner that we would desire everyone else to move the same manner. In the circumstance where I am sing stealing a book when no 1 is looking. how would I make up one’s mind whether the act is immoral or non? By utilizing Kant’s categorical jussive mood. I foremost have to generalise my action.
I have to inquire what would go on if everyone in the universe did what I was making would it get down to belie itself. If everyone in the universe was to steal a book when no 1 is looking. so there would be no point in selling books in the first topographic point since no 1 in the universe is willing to do a purchase. The book tells us that for Kant. this consequence is adequate to demo that the intended action is immoral and irrational. On the other manus. if a certain scenario was to non belie from generalisation. you would so inquire yourself if you are willing to populate in a universe where everyone did that peculiar act.
For illustration. I see person who is in desperate demand of aid. The cost of assisting this individual is small to none. but I still find myself unwilling to assist him. First. let’s generalize that state of affairs. Imagine a universe where everyone was unwilling to impart a manus when person was in a state of affairs of utmost demand. That sort of universe is really conceivable. and it doesn’t contradict itself in anyhow. However. when I ask the inquiry. “Would I want to populate in a universe like that? ” the reply will ever be no. That would be a atrocious universe to populate in.
I could be deceasing and in demand for person to name the ambulance and no 1 would halt and assist. Therefore. through Kant’s manner of concluding and believing. this action is besides immoral. Utilitarianism focuses around doing the bulk happy. As a strong truster in utilitarianism. Kant introduced the imperative quandary which in short required an person to move the manner he or she would desire everyone else in the universe to move. Stealing a book is non something an person would desire everyone in the universe to make. Which is why Kant would believe that it is immoral.