CHAPTER IIDISCUSSION 2.1     Definition of PovertyIn the popular scientific dictionary, the word “Poor” implies no treasure(insufficient possession). In Indonesian language, the word “fakir” which alsotranslated into “poor man” is defined as condition of a very poor person.

Etymologically, the meaning of poverty is loaded with consumption problems. Itstarts from the neo-classical period before in which poverty is only seen fromnegative (imbalance) interaction between the worker and the wages earned.Poverty can also be interpreted as a situation where aperson can not fulfill the needs of everyday life or could be said with acondition of all-deficits in other words lacks of material, in which they arenot able to get the facilities of education, health services, and otherconveniences available in modern times. 2.2        Causes of Poverty     Ingeneral, there are several factors which caused poverty, including thefollowing:1.

     Low Level of Education         A low levelof education can lead people to poverty. This is because the people have noeducation  skill that can be used to earnincome, raise their standard of living and be able to meet their needs.2.     Lack of Creativity         If people could use their creativity,without any doubt they could have an income and able to raise their standard ofliving. Also, they could use every aspect and infrastructure that exist to seekand obtain income sources.

3.     High Birth RateHigh birth rate also leads Indonesian People to poverty.This is caused by large expenditure cost and it is possible the wealth will bedepleted over time. But, this won’t happen to a social group that has enough ormore incomes.

They are not considered as poor social group, because they arestill able to support their family members. This seems to be mostly seen in bigcities.4.     Influence from the EnvironmentThe environment can affect the level of poverty.

Someonewho lives in a poor neighborhood will also carry the poverty flow. Moreover,inside a group there are individuals that are unable to take care of themselvesand meet their needs. They are considered as ignorance groups or member of thegroup who are always lazy to work.5.     HeredityEconomic level of the social group could be seeninfluencing clearly. A person from the poor, absolutely will also cause him tobecome poor. Or, because their parents couldn’t fulfill all of their needs, sothey consider their life as destiny that has been determined by the Almighty.

Thus, they are lack of willingness and effort to change their condition.Another factors which could be seen as real cause of poverty are a flow ofurbanization in big cities. Many people from village come to town and most ofthem looking for work, without good skills. 2.

3        Solutions to Overcome PovertyPovertyis one of the most difficult social matters to be solved. Therefore, there areseveral solutions to taking out Poverty1.     Handling theProblems of Malnutrition and Food ShortageFrom the problem ofinequality in the amount of nutrition received compared to children with therich family and the poor family surely could influence to the child’s healthand mental. If the people get a good nutrition for a good food, it is expectedto reduce the level of poverty.2.     Expansion ofEducation Opportunity for the PoorEach child of a nationthat is categorized as poor should be the priority over Education Assistancefrom the government.

The government must create justification and equality inthe society in access to gain education. 3.     Expansion ofBusiness OpportunitiesIndonesian people thatare categorized as poor should be encouraged to create their own employment,business, or company through training and capital provision. Thus, the societycould start entrepreneurship and the new job creation is expected to improvethe society welfare. 2.4        Poverty from thePerspective of PancasilaThere are two principles of Pancasila which is relatedwith to this  matter, those are theSecond Principle and the Fifth Principle, explained as follows1.

     According to the Second Principle “A Just and CivilizedHumanity”Poverty is verycontrary to the values of humanity. If there are people that can not fulfilltheir needs and do not get access to education and good health service, it iscontrary to the values of humanity.2.     According to the Fifth Principle “Social Justices for AllIndonesians”Poverty shows thatinjustice exists and could be felt directly. Poverty is a reflection ofinjustice, such as differences food quality, access to education, good healthservice, and economically in the income gap.

Any gap between “The Rich” and”The Poor” must be reduced.                                                                                                    CHAPTER IIIFINAL 3.1        ConclusionPoverty is a common thingin life.

From the increasing progress of science and technology, the needs willalso be increased. Poverty alleviation is not only the duty of the government,but also the community. They must realize that this social matter is the dutyand responsibility for the government and society. Poverty could be caused byheredity, environmental influences, and low levels of education. This problemcould be diverted from the distribution of good nutrition and food quality,accessing facilities to education and health, lastly encouragement ofentrepreneurship. Poverty itself is very contrary to the Second and FifthPrinciple of Pancasila, because poverty is against value of Humanity andJustice. With hope that the Government can create pro-small society policy andsociety can take an active role in alleviating poverty, at least by killingtheir laziness.

 3.2        SuggestionsWithpoverty on hand, especially in developing countries such as Indonesia, manyaspects have to be looked at. Government’s role of handing the issue iscritical, but it will be useless without any participation from the citizens.Therefore, a solid cooperation between the people and their government has tobe obtained in order to fulfill the goal of erasing poverty. That’s why we asthe nation’s young generation have to develop our skills based on today’sneeds.

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