Chapter 4

Analysis
and Interpretation

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4.1.
Organization of the chapter

In
this chapter, researcher analysed the data using both qualitative and
quantitative method. The data is collected using littered scale and results are
interpreted using graphs for the modules. Data analysed as three phase.

4.2 Evaluation of the teaching
Modules

Phase
1: Feedback of the Teaching
Module

            The researcher developed ten
teaching modules for the second language Tamil teachers in grade six Sinhala
medium schools in Sri Lanka.  According
to the content of modules it’s divided into frames. There were 35 frames
included in the modules.

The
topic of module number one is letters.
There are 12 vowel and 18 consonant include in Tamil language and in this
module describe about these 30 letters and one special letter named “Ayuda
Eluththu”. Furthermore one song about vowel include in this module and two
video clip also included. These video clips teach to students the correct
methods of writing letters. 

The
module number two explains the combine letters (the combination of vowels and
consonant can be intergrades as combined letters).the researchers introduced
216 combined letters and to understand the correct methods of writing Patton.
The researcher used 10 video clips and one power point presentation and the end
of this module student should be write and identify 247 (vowel 12 + Special
letter 1 + consonant 18 + combined letters 216=247) letters correctly.

The
third module researcher used introduced the primary grammar lesson about parts
of nouns. It’s very important grammar lesson because it specify for the Tamil
language. Moreover name of family members also included in this module and two
power point presentations were used.

The
module number four researcher used to teach some nouns. There were ten names of
animals, bird and colours collaborated with two power point presentations.

From
the fifth Module researcher described about the wh-words question
forms. It s impotent to improve student’s speaking skills. Using three power
point presentations researcher explained the functions and example sentences
for wh-words question.

The
module number six entitle as numbers. It’s included number name of one to ten
in Tamil language and name of ten vegetables and fruits. Further the researcher
used a number song and power point presentation (Dialog of fair) to move
improve the number and provide the communication skills.  

The
module number seven define about singular and plural. The researcher used two
power point presentations to simplify the rules.

From
the module number eight researchers introduced ten verbs. In this module
researcher explained about the regulations of verb and gender suffix. It is
difficult grammar lesson in included in Tamil text. Therefore researcher used
five power point presentations and one video clip to simplify the lesson. 

The
researcher used module number nine and ten for enhance the concept of peace and
among the students. In module nine described about the one of Tamil festival
and module number ten showed a story of Dr. Abul kalam (A Lesson for my
teacher). Furthermore both modules included more activities for improve the
writing and speak skills and used three video clips and one power point
presentations.  

The
initial draft of the module and DVD submitted to the six experts three from
India and three from Sri Lanka. After examined the module and DVD the models
were validated by six experts. They had validated 10 modules and found the
modules were relevant and would be easy to teach Tamil to class six in Sri
Lanka as the teachers are familiar with Sinhala language.  Experts gave some feedback and modules were
modified as they suggested. Majority of experts believed that these modules were
relevant. After the modification the modules were sent to Sri Lanka and 30
teachers were trained using DVDs and through modules.

 

 

Phase
2: Teaching and training the teachers

The
data were analysed by using quantitative analysis from feedback form .Researcher
introduced and trained the modules to 30 teachers who teach-in Tamil as a
second language in grade 6 Sinhala schools in Sri Lanka. The training program
was run for 16 hours in three days through the Skype in national institute of
education Sri Lanka. Regular Tamil coordinator helped to conduct the program
and she managed technical issue also. After the program they filled feedback
form. The feedback forms included 18 questions, questions divided into three
parts named Evaluation of training material (modules and DVD), evaluation of
training and Visualization of
the Role after Training. The 18th question remarked week points and strong
point.

 The
tables and figures given below illustrate the quantitative analysis of module
and DVD. The feedback forms of teaching training programme divided into three
parts. The table and figure given below represent the evaluation of the
training material (modules and DVD).

Table 14 Table 4.1

Evaluation of the training material (modules and DVD)

Range

 Frequency
teachers (%)

Excellent

21.67%

Good

61.11%

Average

17.22%

 

Figure
1 Graph
4.1
Shows
the percentage (approx) Evaluation of the training material (modules and DVD)

The pie chart is about the evaluation of the
training material (modules and DVD) that researcher used in teaching and
training programme. The chart is divided in to three parts and it is taken blue
for excellent, red for good and green for average. The 22% teacher’s opinion is
module and DVD is excellent and 61% teacher’s opinion is good. According to
result modules and DVD is suitable to teaching material for teaching second
language Tamil in grade six Sinhala school Sri Lanka.

            As
a second part of evaluation the researcher evaluate the
teaching training programme. The table and figure carry out the evaluation of
training program.  

 

 Table 15 Table 4.2

 Evaluation of
training programs

Range

Frequency
teachers (%)

Excellent

50%

Good

44%

Average

6%

 

Figure
2 Graph
4.2
Shows
the percentage (approx) Evaluation of training programs

The pie chart deals with evaluation of the
training and there are three parts in the charts. It shows blue for excellent,
red for good and green for average. According to chart 50% teacher’s vote the
training programme is excellent and 44% teacher’s is good.  The majority of teachers agreed the training
programme is very useful for the teachers and so that the teaching martial
(module and DVD) which researcher developed are very important to teaching
second language Tamil in grade six Sinhala school Sri Lanka and they prefer to
use. 

            In
third part the researcher evaluate the visualization of teaching role after the
Training. The table and figure given below illustrate the evaluation of
Visualization of the Role after Training.

 

Table 16 Table 4.3

 Visualization of
the Role after Training

Range

Frequency
teachers (%)

Excellent

64.4%

Good

26.6%

Average

9%

 

Figure
3 Graph
4.3
Shows
the percentage (approx) Visualization of the Role after Training

The pie chart is about the Visualization of
the Role after Training. There are three parts in the chart and it is taken
blue for excellent, red for good and green for average. Majority of teacher’s
opinion is training programme is very effective for them and the role of
teaching after the training shows 64% excellent and 27% teacher’s opinion is
good.

            The
eighteenth question of feedback form is included as open ended question type.
The researcher used it to identify the strong points and weak points. The table
given below shows the strong points and weak points of modules.

Table 17 Table 4.4

 The strong points
and weak points of modules

Strong
points

Weak
points

The
DVD is used in the training programme is very useful for provide the
student’s interest of learning Tamil in classroom.

Time
will be not enough for teaching module in the classroom.

The
training program was very effective.

Some
pictures included in the DVD are not clear and suitable.

The
songs included in DVD are perfect.

 

The
activities included in modules are very useful for teachers.

 

           

The three charts described the evaluation of
training material (modules and DVD), evaluation of training and Visualization of the Role after Training. The
summarizing of main opinion the teaching materials are very effective for teaching
learning and researcher developed teaching materials (module and DVD) are
suitable for teaching second language Tamil in grade six Sinhala school Sri
Lanka.

Phase
3: Try out modules in school

            After
the training the researcher three modules send to the Sri Lanka to try out in
the classroom. The researcher chose module number 1, 7 and 10 and five teachers
were participated. After the finished teaching of teaching module the teachers
had given their feedback and the data were analysed by using qualitative
analysis. The data is analysed
using question wise. Each module has 11 questions and data is analysed by using
graphs. The analyses were described under three steps. 

First step Analysis of module number one

In
this step researcher explain the quality of modules is using feedback
questions. There are five second language Tamil teachers participated in grade
six Sinhala medium schools in Sri Lanka.

Figure
4
Graph 4.4
Shows
the percentage (approx) Content of the module is suitable for the target group
of learners (Grade 6)

The chart shows percentage distribution of
the Content of the
module is suitable for the target group of learners (Grade 6). According to data the result shows that 80%
of Experts opinions Excellent about the Content of the module is suitable
for the target group of learners (Grade 6) of modules as they believed it helped them in teaching
with DVDs was easy as students could relate to it and understand much better .
They showed their satisfaction as 20% good as they believed more teaching aides
would help them in teaching in class more interactive.

Figure
5 Graph
4.5
shows
the percentage (approx) of Clarity in Learning objectives
and Learning outcomes

The data describe the result about the clarity in
learning objectives and learning outcomes of modules shows that 60% of Experts opinions Excellent
and 40% expert given as good. This is a possibility that the learning
objectives and outcomes of modules have successes so it shows high percentage
of chart.  

Fugues 6 Graph 4.6 shows the
percentage (approx) Design of the lesson (Topic, Methods/ Technique, Procedure)

The chart has data provided by design of the lesson in
modules. It says that 60% teachers prefer as excellent and 40% teachers prefer
as good. The result appear to devote
about the design of lesson
included in the modules are perfect. 

 

Figure 7 Graph 4.7 shows the percentage (approx) of Supplements the text for teachers

The pie
chart shows the data of Supplements the text for the teacher .The teacher’s
makeup just under the 80% excellent and 20% good. Then it can say modules are
useful supplements for teachers.

 

Figure 8
Graph
4.8
shows
the percentage (approx) of Exercises for learners to practice

The
chart is about the distribution of exercises for learners to practice. The data
illustrate that 60% teachers shows as excellent and 40% teachers were good. It
is evident that exercises included in modules are very effective.

 

Figure 9
Graph
4.9
shows
the percentage (approx) Development of skills

From the information shown in this chart the development of skills , the
majority of teachers were agreed and it shows as 80% excellent and 20% shows as
good .overall can be say modules and DVD are useful teaching material for
improve the development skill of students.

 

Figure 10 Graph 4.10 shows the
percentage (approx) Organization
of Content 

This pie chart described the organization of
Content in the modules. The teacher’s evidence about the modules 60% was
excellent and 40% were good. Summarizing the result the organization of content
of the modules is adequate. 

 

Figure 11 Graph 4.11 shows the percentage (approx) of Continuity, flow and link between topics of module   

 

The pie chart explains the percentage of the teacher’s satisfaction of
Continuity, flow and link between topics of module. According to data
illustration 60% teachers were agreed and it shows as excellent and 40% were
good. It is evidence that the modules preparation is perfect.

 

 

 

Figure 12
Graph
4.12
shows
the percentage (approx) of Systematic presentation and ease of use of the Supplementary text

 

The chart reveals the Systematic presentation
and ease of use of the Supplementary
text. The data describe
60% teachers given as excellent and 40% as good. According to overall result
the module is easy to use teaching learning in classroom.

 

Figure 13
Graph
4.13
shows the percentage
(approx) of Systematic
presentation and ease of use of the DVD

The chart given up,
mention about the data for systematic presentation and ease of use of the DVD. All teachers satisfied about DVD and it
explained that DVD used with module is very effective.

 

 

Figure 14 Graph 4.14 shows the
percentage (approx) of Level of difficulty – Simple, medium, complex

The pie chart shows Level of difficulty of module. The data illustrate that 80 %
teachers shows as excellent and 20% were good. Summarize the information by
selecting data the module is very good.

            The
charts given up describe the overall qualitative analysis of module number one.
According to data the module number one and DVD is suitable for use second
language Tamil in grade six Sinhala medium schools, Sri Lanka.

Second step Analysis of module number seven

In
this step researcher carryout the quality of modules is using feedback
questions. There are five second language Tamil teachers participated in grade
six Sinhala medium schools in Sri Lanka.

Figure
15 Graph
4.15
shows
the percentage (approx) Content of the module is suitable for the target group
of learners (Grade 6)

 

The chart shows percentage distribution of
the Content of the
module is suitable for the target group of learners (Grade 6). According to data the result shows that 80%
of Experts opinions Excellent about the Content of the module is suitable
for the target group of learners (Grade 6) of modules as they believed it helped them in teaching
with DVDs was easy as students could relate to it and understand much better .
They showed their satisfaction as 20% good as they believed more teaching aides
would help them in teaching in class more interactive.

 

Figure 16 Graph 4.16 shows the
percentage (approx) of Clarity
in Learning objectives and Learning outcomes

The data describe the result about the clarity in
learning objectives and learning outcomes of modules shows that 80 % of Experts opinions Excellent
and 20% expert given as good. This is a possibility that the learning objectives
and outcomes of modules have successes so it shows high percentage of
chart.                         

Table 17 Graph 4.17 shows the
percentage (approx) of Design of the lesson (Topic, Methods/
Technique, Procedure)

The chart has data provided by design of the lesson in modules. It says that
60% teachers prefer as excellent and 40% teachers prefer as good. The result
appear to devote about the design of lesson
included in the modules are perfect

 

Figure 18
Graph
4.18
shows the percentage
(approx) of Supplements the
text for teachers

The pie
chart shows the data of Supplements the text for the teacher .The teacher’s
makeup just under the 80% excellent and 20% good.. Then it can say modules are
useful supplements for teachers.

 

Figure 19 Graph 4.19 shows the percentage
(approx) of Exercises
for learners to practice

The pie
chart shows the data of Supplements the text for the teacher .The teacher’s
makeup just under the 80% excellent and 20% good. Supplements the text for
teachers in modules are excellent and 20% experts approved as good. Then it can
say modules are useful supplements for teachers.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 20 Graph 4.20
shows
the percentage (approx) of Development
of skills

From the information shown in this chart the development of skills , the
majority of teachers were agreed and it shows as 80% excellent and 20% shows as
good .overall can be say modules and DVD are useful teaching material for
improve the development skill of students.

           

Figure 21 Graph 4.21 shows the
percentage (approx) of Organization
of Content (Introduction, Development, and Conclusion)    

This pie chart described the organization of
Content in the modules. The teacher’s evidence about the modules 60% was
excellent and 40% were good. Summarizing the result the organization of content
of the modules is adequate.

Figure 22 Graph 4.22 shows the
percentage (approx) of Continuity, flow and link between topics

The pie chart explains the percentage of the teacher’s satisfaction of
Continuity, flow and link between topics of module. According to data
illustration 60% teachers were agreed and it shows as excellent and 40% were
good. It is evidence that the modules preparation is perfect.

 

Figure 23 Graph 4.3 shows the percentage (approx) of Systematic presentation
and ease of use of the    supplementary text

The chart reveals the Systematic presentation
and ease of use of the Supplementary
text. The data describe
all teachers given as excellent. According to overall result the module is easy
to use teaching learning in classroom.

 

Figure 24 Graph 4.4 shows the percentage (approx) of Systematic presentation
and ease of use of the DVD

The chart given up,
mention about the data for systematic presentation and ease of use of the DVD. All teachers satisfied about DVD and it
explained that DVD used with module is very effective.

 

Figure 25 Graph 4.25 shows the
percentage (approx) of Level of difficulty – Simple, medium, complex

The pie chart shows Level of difficulty of module. The data illustrate that 100%
teachers show as excellent. Summarize the information by selecting data the
module is very good.

            The
charts given up describe the overall qualitative analysis of module number one.
According to data the module number one and DVD is suitable for use second
language Tamil in grade six Sinhala medium schools, Sri Lanka.

Third
step Analysis of module number ten

Figure 26 Graph 26 shows the percentage
(approx) Content of the
module is suitable for the target group of learners (Grade 6)

The chart shows percentage distribution of
the Content of the
module is suitable for the target group of learners (Grade 6). According to data the result shows that 60%
of Experts opinions Excellent about the Content of the module is suitable
for the target group of learners (Grade 6) of modules as they believed it helped them in teaching
with DVDs was easy as students could relate to it and understand much better .
They showed their satisfaction as 40% good as they believed more teaching aides
would help them in teaching in class more interactive.

 

Figure 27 Graph 4.27 shows the percentage (approx) of Clarity in Learning objectives and Learning
outcomes

The data describe the result about the clarity in
learning objectives and learning outcomes of modules shows that 80% of Experts opinions Excellent
and 20% expert given as good. This is a possibility that the learning
objectives and outcomes of modules have successes so it shows high percentage
of chart.  

 

Figure 28
Graph
4.28
shows
the percentage (approx) Design
of the lesson (Topic, Methods/ Technique, Procedure

 

The
chart has data provided by design of the lesson in modules. It says that 40% teachers prefer
as excellent and 60% teachers prefer as good. The result appear to devote about the design of lesson included in the modules
are perfect.   

 

Figure 29 Graph 4.29 shows the percentage (approx) of Supplements the
text for teachers

 

The pie
chart shows the data of Supplements the text for the teacher .The teacher’s
makeup just under the 60% excellent and 40% good.. Then it can say modules are
useful supplements for teachers.

 

Figure 30 Graph 4.30 shows the percentage (approx) of Exercises for learners to practice

The pie
chart shows the data of Supplements the text for the teacher .The teacher’s
makeup just under the 80% excellent and 20% good. Supplements the text for
teachers in modules are excellent and 20% experts approved as good. Then it can
say modules are useful supplements for teachers.

 

Figure 31 Graph 4.31 shows the
percentage (approx) of Development of skills  

From the information shown in this chart the development of skills , the
majority of teachers were agreed and it shows as 60% excellent and 40% shows as
good .overall can be say modules and DVD are useful teaching material for
improve the development skill of students.

 

Figure 32 Graph 4.32 shows the
percentage (approx) of Organization
of Content (Introduction, Development, and Conclusion)

This pie chart described the organization of
Content in the modules. The teacher’s evidence about the modules 60% was
excellent and 40% were good. Summarizing the result the organization of content
of the modules is adequate. 

 

Figure 33 Graph 4.33 shows the
percentage (approx) of Continuity, flow and link between topics

The pie chart explains the percentage of the teacher’s satisfaction of
Continuity, flow and link between topics of module. According to data
illustration 80% teachers were agreed and it shows as excellent and 20% were
good. It is evidence that the modules preparation is perfect.

Figure 34
Graph
4.34
shows
the percentage (approx) of presentation and ease of use of the supplementary text

 

The chart reveals the Systematic presentation
and ease of use of the Supplementary
text. The data describe
80% teachers given as excellent and 20% as good. According to overall result
the module is easy to use teaching learning in classroom.

 

Figure 35
Graph
4.35 shows the percentage (approx) of Systematic presentation
and ease of use of the DVD

The chart given up,
mention about the data for systematic presentation and ease of use of the DVD. The data describe that teachers
satisfied about DVD and it shows as 60% were excellent and 40% were good. It
explained that DVD used with module is very effective.

 

 

 

 

Figure 36
Graph
4.36
shows
the percentage (approx) of Level of difficulty – Simple, medium, complex

 

The pie chart shows Level of difficulty of module. The data illustrate that 60 %
teachers shows as excellent and 40% were good. Summarize the information by
selecting data the module is very good.

            The
charts given up describe the overall qualitative analysis of module number one.
According to data the module number one and DVD is suitable for use second
language Tamil in grade six Sinhala medium schools, Sri Lanka.

Conclusions:

All These details clarify training material
(Module and DVD), training program is Very effective. Teachers are interest to
use new teaching martial and they prefer to participate in training programs.
The teachers who tryout in the schools also satisfied about module and DVD,
Finally, summaries of all statement the modules and DVD perfect and successful.
It can be used to teachers to teach second language Tamil in Sinhala School in
Sri Lanka. All These details clarify teaching modules and DVD which
researcher developed is Very effective.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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