Christmas Carol Essay, Research Paper“ A Christmas Carol ” by Charles Dickens, is a narrative that is rich inmetaphors that finally inquiries the ethical motives and moralss of the writer? ssociety during the clip of hislife, the industrial revolutionized society. Inthe narrative, the chief character, Ebenezer Scrooge, is a greedy, rich comptrollerwho is visited by his old concern spouse shade, Jacob Marley. Marley & # 8217 ; s shadeTells Scrooge that he may confront a punishment of going a lost psyche if he continuesto value money more than anything else in his life.
He besides foretells thatScrooge will be visited by three other shades that will give him the opportunity toredeem himself, and he can interrupt an Fe concatenation of greed that he has woven. Eachclip a shade visits Scrooge, he will go more cognizant of the failures of thesociety he lives in. The shades will besides allow Scrooge see his parts tothose failures. As Dickens writes the narrative of the three visits, we are able toout more about Scrooge? s interior self-character.
We learn this approximately him as hefinds out about his ain chap adult male and his community. The Southern Cross of the narrative isalluded to in the clever metaphors Dickens creeates to exemplify his aincontemplation on Nineteenth Century society. In the beginning of the narrative, Scroogeand his helper Bob Cratchit are working at Scrooge & # 8217 ; s numbering house on a reallycold dark, Christmas Eve. Scrooge? s offices are about freezing, because ofthe awful conditions. They depend on utilizing coal to maintain warm. Scrooge issatisfied with a really little fire that he hardly keeps traveling. More than that hethinks is unneeded heat. On the other manus, Bob Cratchit & # 8217 ; s fire is nilbut one deceasing morsel of coal.
“ Scrooge had a really little fire, but hisclerk & # 8217 ; s fire was so really much smaller that it looked like one coal. ” Thesarcasm in merely utilizing a little piece of coal is that they both had two whollydifferent grounds for non utilizing more coal. Bob Cratchit is Scrooge? simpoverished helper, who can & # 8217 ; t afford to purchase more coal to inflame up heat inhis office. If he had adequate money to better his working status, he would.
On the other manus, Scrooge had more than adequate money to purchase coal for his officeand Bob & # 8217 ; s. He didn & # 8217 ; t happen that necessary. Dickens makes mention to this as heshows how Scrooge doesn & # 8217 ; t happen it necessary to construct up more heats in hisoffice, or even to offer to maintain his helper & # 8217 ; s office warm, when he writes“ But he ( Bob Cratchit ) couldn & # 8217 ; t refill it ( the fire ) , for Scrooge keptthe coal-box in his ain room ; and so certainly as the clerk came in with theshovel, the maestro predicted that it would be necessary for them to portion. ”The state of affairs is much deeper than it appears.
Dickens has non merely created avindictive and ungenerous character, but he creates a Scrooge whose really organic structure is cold.The fact that Scrooge doesn & # 8217 ; t mind that his office is cold reveals that he isboth physically and mentally a cold individual. Throughout literature the usage of hotand cold dramas as two basic metaphors for love and hatred: solitariness. Niggarddoesn & # 8217 ; t need heats as a consequence of being a malevolent and acrimonious individual.
Hedoesn & # 8217 ; Ts have household or friends to portion his love and bosom with, so he developedinto a individual who was asleep to his ain warm feelings. The lone emotions that areleft are the acrimonious 1s he has for his society. Dickens uses Marley & # 8217 ; s ironss asa metaphor every bit good. We should pay attending to what Marley and Scrooge wereknown for. Scrooge and Marley were both concerned about their money more thananything else that Dickens writes about. The two were so concerned about gainingmoney, that the two didn & # 8217 ; t care how they got it. Each of them wanted to beentirely. The ironss that were “ forged in life ” by Marley were ironss ofguilt and wickedness.
These ironss were fashioned while Marley made money at otherpeople & # 8217 ; s disbursals, and were linked out of his deficiency of concern for what he did inlife. Marley, like Scrooge, knew good of the poorness most people suffered. Theirwickednesss were that they showed no understanding for unfortunate people. They both hidtheir understanding in order to quash their guilt. Dickens writes more aboutMarley & # 8217 ; s greed when he describes Marley.
“ His organic structure transparent: so thatScrooge, detecting him, and looking through his vest, could see the twobuttons on his coat buttocks. ” “ Scrooge had frequently heard it said thatMarley had no bowels, but he had ne’er believed it until now. ” And“ the really texture of the folded kerchief edge about its caput and mentum,which negligee he had non observed before? ” Dickens has illustrated aapparition who one can see right through, has nil Lashkar-e-Taiba in his organic structure, and needs ahankie to maintain his jaw from dropping “ down upon his chest! ”When analyzing the different elements that made up Marley & # 8217 ; s Ghost, it becomesclear Dickens was amplified how avaricious Marley truly was.
The patch thatMarley must maintain wrapped around his caput is the first connexion to greed. As aportion of his penalty, Marley needs the patch wrapped around his caput or hisoral cavity will drop to his thorax. It symbolizes how Marley consumed things withouthalting, everything that entered his ownership.
Having no bowels is a manner ofstating that nil left Marley & # 8217 ; s ownership. Dickens got across that Marley Lashkar-e-Taibaeverything in, but gavenothing. In add-on to Scrooge being cold bothphysically and mentally, there is the affair of fog that seems to prosecute himlike the rats that followed the Pied Piper of Hamlin. Wherever Scrooge goes,Devils manages to beef up his description of Scrooge as being surroundedwith a assemblage of deep, eternal fog.This is more than a descriptive tool, butbesides a deep metaphor that sums up what & # 8217 ; s incorrect with Scrooge. The fog serves as awall for the character. It is non merely a blinding vapour, but besides a cover thatshelters him from other people. It keeps him separate and remote from the remainderof the universe he travels approximately twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours.
Ultimately, Scrooge is charged withmaking the fog. He keeps himself off from the universe, even though the universeranges out him. The fog isolates him from the heat of human compassion, fromhimself and others around him. This is apparent when Dickens writes,“ Foggier yet, and colder! Piercing, seeking, seize with teething cold? . Even whenScrooge was approached by Christmas carollers, ? he seized the swayer with suchenergy of action, that the vocalist fled in panic, go forthing the keyhole to the fogand even more congenial hoar. ” In this sense, Dickens used the fog to moveas a door that slammed after the vocalist left. It covered everything aroundScrooge & # 8217 ; s office including the keyhole. It isolated Scrooge from the exterioruniverse, and kept him in the topographic point he loved most, his office.
“ Meanwhile thefog and darkness thickened so, that people ran about with flame uping links,proffering their services to travel before Equus caballuss in passenger cars, and carry on them ontheir manner. ” “ All he could do out was, that was still really dazed andhighly cold, and that there was no noise of people running to and fro, anddoing great splash, as there unimpeachably would hold been if dark had beatenaway bright twenty-four hours, and taken ownership of the universe. ” Again Dickens used fogand cold to detach people from Scrooge. Fog was the separation, and cold thetemperament in which it isolated Scrooge. Another metaphor Dickens uses is thechurch bell. “ The antediluvian tower of a church, whose crusty old bell wasever peeping slily down at Scrooge out of a Gothic window in the wall, becameseeable, and struck the hours and quarters in the clouds, with quaveringquivers afterwards? ” The ancient tower of the church bell is whatDevils used to incarnate the church and its values. The fact that it is a talltower, making into the clouds suggests that it has some sort of religioussignificance. Dickens described the tower as “ ever peeping slily down atScrooge.
” Possibly this is because Scrooge was making something really incorrect byclosing off his connexion to the outside universe, and the church knew it. Itseems to stand in dorsum of Scrooge, “ peeping slily ” at his uninterruptedprivacy. The bells that “ struck the hours and quarters in the clouds,with quavering quivers? ” serves as a reminder for Scrooge. It isreminding him that everything is being observed. Dickens besides uses visible radiation anddarkness as a originative tool when he talks about the shades, and the ambianceof the narrative. Like fog and hoar, darkness is besides found everyplace Scrooge is.Dark in literature is every selfish adult male? s personal cloud.
It shadows themfrom other people who see them, and it keeps their sight limited. The darknessfor these characters is like a hallway that has no entrywaies. The lone issue theyusage is one that leads to solitude. Darkness besides interrupts the memories Scroogedoesn & # 8217 ; t want to believe about, memories that Scrooge has “ chained up? , andleft in the deepest and darkest parts of his head. The memories became so darkfor Scrooge that he had decided to conceal everything that had one time been good inhis life to blunt his emotions and involvement in humanity. Light, on the othermanus, is most noticeable when Dickens writes about the Ghost of Christmas Past.“ Light flashed up in the room upon the blink of an eye, and the drapes of his bedwere drawn. ” The visible radiation that Dickens writes about is jumping from theGhost & # 8217 ; s caput.
The Ghost of Christmas Past serves as a heart-felt usher to hismemories, and the light represents Scrooge & # 8217 ; s emotions to what he was experiencingabout his well-suppressed memories. Scrooge prefers to be left in the dark,instead than be exposed to visible radiation. This is apparent when he attempted to quashhis remembrance of the past, particularly the feelings of his yesteryear. “ Scroogecould non hold told anybody why, if anybody could hold asked him ; but he had aparticular desire to see the Spirit in his cap ; and begged him to be covered. ”The Ghost of Christmas Past had a concealed significance besides. With memoryuncapped, Scrooge is taken to his yesteryear where his joy, hurting, and solitariness areall rejoiced. The Ghost takes him to his jubilations, friendly relationships, and even hislove matter.
It & # 8217 ; s from seeing his yesteryear that Scrooge becomes in touch with inneremotions that he had as a kid and immature grownup. It & # 8217 ; s with these emotions thatScrooge & # 8217 ; s present insensitiveness is smothered, and Scrooge feels the first BASIChuman joy in a long clip. In the terminal, Dickens reflects his positions on what hissociety became to the reader through his rich bid of linguistic communication, and uniquetechnique of conveying metaphors to life.
Through his public presentation in composingaccomplishments he was able to state us the narrative of Ebenezer Scrooge, and his salvation.Scrooge is reborn after his brushs with four shades who showed him how toretrieve, acknowledge, and unrecorded with intuition. The three Ghosts of ChristmasPast, Present, and Future showed Scrooge how to retrieve the good things in hislife, cherish and portion what he has, and in conclusion unrecorded meekly with the purpose withbeing remembered as a good individual.
I think that Dickens was seeking to state us,and the people of his clip particularly, that if we live in the yesteryear, nowadays andhereafter, and maintain those three factors alive, than we can be reborn merely likeScrooge was.