Christmas Carol Essay, Research Paper

“ A Christmas Carol ” by Charles Dickens, is a narrative that is rich in

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metaphors that finally inquiries the ethical motives and moralss of the writer? s

society during the clip of hislife, the industrial revolutionized society. In

the narrative, the chief character, Ebenezer Scrooge, is a greedy, rich comptroller

who is visited by his old concern spouse shade, Jacob Marley. Marley & # 8217 ; s shade

Tells Scrooge that he may confront a punishment of going a lost psyche if he continues

to value money more than anything else in his life. He besides foretells that

Scrooge will be visited by three other shades that will give him the opportunity to

redeem himself, and he can interrupt an Fe concatenation of greed that he has woven. Each

clip a shade visits Scrooge, he will go more cognizant of the failures of the

society he lives in. The shades will besides allow Scrooge see his parts to

those failures. As Dickens writes the narrative of the three visits, we are able to

out more about Scrooge? s interior self-character. We learn this approximately him as he

finds out about his ain chap adult male and his community. The Southern Cross of the narrative is

alluded to in the clever metaphors Dickens creeates to exemplify his ain

contemplation on Nineteenth Century society. In the beginning of the narrative, Scrooge

and his helper Bob Cratchit are working at Scrooge & # 8217 ; s numbering house on a really

cold dark, Christmas Eve. Scrooge? s offices are about freezing, because of

the awful conditions. They depend on utilizing coal to maintain warm. Scrooge is

satisfied with a really little fire that he hardly keeps traveling. More than that he

thinks is unneeded heat. On the other manus, Bob Cratchit & # 8217 ; s fire is nil

but one deceasing morsel of coal. “ Scrooge had a really little fire, but his

clerk & # 8217 ; s fire was so really much smaller that it looked like one coal. ” The

sarcasm in merely utilizing a little piece of coal is that they both had two wholly

different grounds for non utilizing more coal. Bob Cratchit is Scrooge? s

impoverished helper, who can & # 8217 ; t afford to purchase more coal to inflame up heat in

his office. If he had adequate money to better his working status, he would.

On the other manus, Scrooge had more than adequate money to purchase coal for his office

and Bob & # 8217 ; s. He didn & # 8217 ; t happen that necessary. Dickens makes mention to this as he

shows how Scrooge doesn & # 8217 ; t happen it necessary to construct up more heats in his

office, or even to offer to maintain his helper & # 8217 ; s office warm, when he writes

“ But he ( Bob Cratchit ) couldn & # 8217 ; t refill it ( the fire ) , for Scrooge kept

the coal-box in his ain room ; and so certainly as the clerk came in with the

shovel, the maestro predicted that it would be necessary for them to portion. ”

The state of affairs is much deeper than it appears. Dickens has non merely created a

vindictive and ungenerous character, but he creates a Scrooge whose really organic structure is cold.

The fact that Scrooge doesn & # 8217 ; t mind that his office is cold reveals that he is

both physically and mentally a cold individual. Throughout literature the usage of hot

and cold dramas as two basic metaphors for love and hatred: solitariness. Niggard

doesn & # 8217 ; t need heats as a consequence of being a malevolent and acrimonious individual. He

doesn & # 8217 ; Ts have household or friends to portion his love and bosom with, so he developed

into a individual who was asleep to his ain warm feelings. The lone emotions that are

left are the acrimonious 1s he has for his society. Dickens uses Marley & # 8217 ; s ironss as

a metaphor every bit good. We should pay attending to what Marley and Scrooge were

known for. Scrooge and Marley were both concerned about their money more than

anything else that Dickens writes about. The two were so concerned about gaining

money, that the two didn & # 8217 ; t care how they got it. Each of them wanted to be

entirely. The ironss that were “ forged in life ” by Marley were ironss of

guilt and wickedness. These ironss were fashioned while Marley made money at other

people & # 8217 ; s disbursals, and were linked out of his deficiency of concern for what he did in

life. Marley, like Scrooge, knew good of the poorness most people suffered. Their

wickednesss were that they showed no understanding for unfortunate people. They both hid

their understanding in order to quash their guilt. Dickens writes more about

Marley & # 8217 ; s greed when he describes Marley. “ His organic structure transparent: so that

Scrooge, detecting him, and looking through his vest, could see the two

buttons on his coat buttocks. ” “ Scrooge had frequently heard it said that

Marley had no bowels, but he had ne’er believed it until now. ” And

“ the really texture of the folded kerchief edge about its caput and mentum,

which negligee he had non observed before? ” Dickens has illustrated a

apparition who one can see right through, has nil Lashkar-e-Taiba in his organic structure, and needs a

hankie to maintain his jaw from dropping “ down upon his chest! ”

When analyzing the different elements that made up Marley & # 8217 ; s Ghost, it becomes

clear Dickens was amplified how avaricious Marley truly was. The patch that

Marley must maintain wrapped around his caput is the first connexion to greed. As a

portion of his penalty, Marley needs the patch wrapped around his caput or his

oral cavity will drop to his thorax. It symbolizes how Marley consumed things without

halting, everything that entered his ownership. Having no bowels is a manner of

stating that nil left Marley & # 8217 ; s ownership. Dickens got across that Marley Lashkar-e-Taiba

everything in, but gavenothing. In add-on to Scrooge being cold both

physically and mentally, there is the affair of fog that seems to prosecute him

like the rats that followed the Pied Piper of Hamlin. Wherever Scrooge goes,

Devils manages to beef up his description of Scrooge as being surrounded

with a assemblage of deep, eternal fog.

This is more than a descriptive tool, but

besides a deep metaphor that sums up what & # 8217 ; s incorrect with Scrooge. The fog serves as a

wall for the character. It is non merely a blinding vapour, but besides a cover that

shelters him from other people. It keeps him separate and remote from the remainder

of the universe he travels approximately twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours. Ultimately, Scrooge is charged with

making the fog. He keeps himself off from the universe, even though the universe

ranges out him. The fog isolates him from the heat of human compassion, from

himself and others around him. This is apparent when Dickens writes,

“ Foggier yet, and colder! Piercing, seeking, seize with teething cold? . Even when

Scrooge was approached by Christmas carollers, ? he seized the swayer with such

energy of action, that the vocalist fled in panic, go forthing the keyhole to the fog

and even more congenial hoar. ” In this sense, Dickens used the fog to move

as a door that slammed after the vocalist left. It covered everything around

Scrooge & # 8217 ; s office including the keyhole. It isolated Scrooge from the exterior

universe, and kept him in the topographic point he loved most, his office. “ Meanwhile the

fog and darkness thickened so, that people ran about with flame uping links,

proffering their services to travel before Equus caballuss in passenger cars, and carry on them on

their manner. ” “ All he could do out was, that was still really dazed and

highly cold, and that there was no noise of people running to and fro, and

doing great splash, as there unimpeachably would hold been if dark had beaten

away bright twenty-four hours, and taken ownership of the universe. ” Again Dickens used fog

and cold to detach people from Scrooge. Fog was the separation, and cold the

temperament in which it isolated Scrooge. Another metaphor Dickens uses is the

church bell. “ The antediluvian tower of a church, whose crusty old bell was

ever peeping slily down at Scrooge out of a Gothic window in the wall, became

seeable, and struck the hours and quarters in the clouds, with quavering

quivers afterwards? ” The ancient tower of the church bell is what

Devils used to incarnate the church and its values. The fact that it is a tall

tower, making into the clouds suggests that it has some sort of religious

significance. Dickens described the tower as “ ever peeping slily down at

Scrooge. ” Possibly this is because Scrooge was making something really incorrect by

closing off his connexion to the outside universe, and the church knew it. It

seems to stand in dorsum of Scrooge, “ peeping slily ” at his uninterrupted

privacy. The bells that “ struck the hours and quarters in the clouds,

with quavering quivers? ” serves as a reminder for Scrooge. It is

reminding him that everything is being observed. Dickens besides uses visible radiation and

darkness as a originative tool when he talks about the shades, and the ambiance

of the narrative. Like fog and hoar, darkness is besides found everyplace Scrooge is.

Dark in literature is every selfish adult male? s personal cloud. It shadows them

from other people who see them, and it keeps their sight limited. The darkness

for these characters is like a hallway that has no entrywaies. The lone issue they

usage is one that leads to solitude. Darkness besides interrupts the memories Scrooge

doesn & # 8217 ; t want to believe about, memories that Scrooge has “ chained up? , and

left in the deepest and darkest parts of his head. The memories became so dark

for Scrooge that he had decided to conceal everything that had one time been good in

his life to blunt his emotions and involvement in humanity. Light, on the other

manus, is most noticeable when Dickens writes about the Ghost of Christmas Past.

“ Light flashed up in the room upon the blink of an eye, and the drapes of his bed

were drawn. ” The visible radiation that Dickens writes about is jumping from the

Ghost & # 8217 ; s caput. The Ghost of Christmas Past serves as a heart-felt usher to his

memories, and the light represents Scrooge & # 8217 ; s emotions to what he was experiencing

about his well-suppressed memories. Scrooge prefers to be left in the dark,

instead than be exposed to visible radiation. This is apparent when he attempted to quash

his remembrance of the past, particularly the feelings of his yesteryear. “ Scrooge

could non hold told anybody why, if anybody could hold asked him ; but he had a

particular desire to see the Spirit in his cap ; and begged him to be covered. ”

The Ghost of Christmas Past had a concealed significance besides. With memory

uncapped, Scrooge is taken to his yesteryear where his joy, hurting, and solitariness are

all rejoiced. The Ghost takes him to his jubilations, friendly relationships, and even his

love matter. It & # 8217 ; s from seeing his yesteryear that Scrooge becomes in touch with inner

emotions that he had as a kid and immature grownup. It & # 8217 ; s with these emotions that

Scrooge & # 8217 ; s present insensitiveness is smothered, and Scrooge feels the first BASIC

human joy in a long clip. In the terminal, Dickens reflects his positions on what his

society became to the reader through his rich bid of linguistic communication, and unique

technique of conveying metaphors to life. Through his public presentation in composing

accomplishments he was able to state us the narrative of Ebenezer Scrooge, and his salvation.

Scrooge is reborn after his brushs with four shades who showed him how to

retrieve, acknowledge, and unrecorded with intuition. The three Ghosts of Christmas

Past, Present, and Future showed Scrooge how to retrieve the good things in his

life, cherish and portion what he has, and in conclusion unrecorded meekly with the purpose with

being remembered as a good individual. I think that Dickens was seeking to state us,

and the people of his clip particularly, that if we live in the yesteryear, nowadays and

hereafter, and maintain those three factors alive, than we can be reborn merely like

Scrooge was.

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