With Close reference to two extracts, how do Conrad and Butcher make use of image of decay to convey a sense of danger? Images of decay to convey a sense of danger is presented in both extracts, ‘Heart of Darkness,’ on the subject of its ‘Nature. ‘ Marrow felt endangered in his exploration, as Butcher from ‘Blood River,’ who claimed that, the vast majority of deaths’ are the result not of combat, ‘but of the Congas decay. ‘ The idea that since Concord’s time, Butcher assents that the Congo is going backwards in terms of development, where machinery for combat was not significant.

Human decay in ‘Blood River,’ is quite perceptible about the ‘sickly child. ‘ The use of a personified can cause anxiety and worry towards the reader and himself. It can easily be conjured up in Butcher’s mind as human decay because of the fever’ and being Wide -eyed,’ signify a slow death. Use of simple sentences; ‘Do you have any medicine? I asked. She shook her head,’ is used to create a sense of stark reality that there’s no solution of survival, only death. Marrow portrayed the Congo as human; use of personification.

He described it performing the merry dance of death. ‘ The use of personification is affected when exaggerating Congas behavior when wiping out its intruders. This use of language creates a symbol for Marrow to relate and connect to throughout his Journey. Genre is also worth taking into account. In ‘Blood River,’ the use of mystery is clear when Butcher quoted ‘hidden African world. ‘ This brings to mind how dangerous the country is and for that reason, he’s unaware what the country is offering him; visual encounter of ‘human bones. The adjective ‘hidden’ is very effective lexis when ascribing the overall factor of the country which is untouched, full of secrets and unwanted. Butcher described the setting as ‘abandoned,’ and the use of a semi- colon after ‘abandoned’ create an impression of nervousness because the people are not protected from the ‘avoidable disease. ‘ So people are dying causing decay in the atmosphere and surroundings. In ‘Blood River,’ the use of hyperbole where he described his feelings when he was getting into the ‘canoe.

This suggests to the reader that the Captain was making it clear for Marrow the danger that are out there, where human suffering occur, and their decay are left in the wilderness, in ‘Heart of Darkness. ‘ The use first person narrative but in ‘Heart of Darkness,’ the reiterative voice is a story within a story and this is known as frame narrative. You known that the main story about the Congo is told by Marrow, he acts as the link for the readers to know what the book is mainly about, but the actual story teller is unknown and this create sense of mystery.

Using Marrow to tell the story can easily depict the images of decay from his personal experience. It’s like he’s informing the other crew members the danger the Congo is providing for them. Equally in ‘Blood River’ it is written in the first person because of the use of personal pronoun, ‘l. ‘ this is effective especially when the writer is developing a connection between him and the readers. The use of ‘Xi’s’ makes the novel more personal and makes it sound realistic for example ‘l found the Congo a relentlessly punishing place to travel. It makes the reader agree with Butcher’s opinions and they will become attach to him and at the same time, it’s grabbing their attention. This was his intention because Butcher wants his reader to know the dangers that are out there, and making the putrefying environment clearer. The use of pronouns allow the readers to realize the degree of asset created by decay, and Butcher feels defenseless because he struggles to steer away from the turmoil’ of decompose, causing a sense of danger by not allowing him to feel ‘relax. ‘ Characterization is fundamental to contemplate.

Characteristic Marrow as a man, he possesses both knowledge of traveling because he’s a ‘seaman’ and audacity, while Butcher possesses awareness and understanding about its history about the ‘nineteenth-century explorers,’ who explored the same route, but he has no confidence when he says, ‘sitting in that canoe on the Congo River for the first time as a moment for only modest celebration. ‘ This suggests that he can’t handle the danger on land and he’s much safer on the river. That’s why Marrows attitude towards decay differs from Butcher’s.

Marrow concern towards the environment’s fester is apparent to him because, as a traveler the reader would suggest that Marrow would already experience human death in his previous Journey as a ‘seaman’. Whereas in In ‘Blood River,’ Butcher’s individual experience is important for example, he stated about ‘peering into the hidden African world With my own eyes. ‘ This wows that he cannot keep away from the decompose grimness and therefore, this create a sense of realism by saying ‘my own eyes,’ in addition to the non-fiction novel compared to Marrows experience which is fictional, so it doesn’t have that same effect of realism.

Butcher focuses on human decay because he may have researched about the Congo and its country and he knows what to expect. Human decay is more apparent to him because, it’s his first time in seeing human decay or suffering, Just like the ‘sickly child’ on the boat. EAI o Darkness’ was set in the 19th Century where intentions diseases are a health wreath, accounting for at least 50% of all deaths. Malaria and aids are the main infections, but back then, medicines to prevent these problems were not invented, so death was enormously widespread.

Even though ‘Blood River’ was set in the 21st Century and medicines were now easily obtained; those who are living near the Congo are living in the past, and diseases are still a major health threat particularly among infants. So Butcher shaped is novel through the use of research and linguistic technique; inflection. Where the word changes to show possession for example, ‘Congas decay. In ‘Heart of Darkness,’ Conrad use the same technique for example, Whose banks’ and Whose waters. This highlights nature’s personal weapon and exhibit its dangerous threat to those who are traveling along the river, and to indicate its dangerous threat to the readers. It gives the Congo a sense of identity which is negative. Change in language is quite apparent between the two extracts and this is known as diachronic change; change of language over time. In ‘Heart of Darkness’ Conrad uses the word ‘amongst,’ this particular phrase has dated and it’s less common in tankard everyday speech.

Many authors’ writing in the 19th Century such as Conrad would have been up with ‘lotto’s grammar, an idea of correctness and formal grammar,’ over time, it’s less common to use that word but instead use the phrase ‘among. ‘ So the register in Concord’s writing is quite formal in his novel while the register in Butcher’s writing is slightly informal because he is a Journalist, and his language is quite colloquial. The causes of colloquialism I Butcher’s writing due to cultural change because, in the 21st people have free will to write in their own style, while Concord’s culture is all about Standard English.

Both extracts, their main themes are Journey, mystery and decay because every description they stated is about their Journey being surrounded by death and risk taking. In conclusion, both extracts show the theme of ‘danger’ through the use decay and death. Use of modifiers are use to create an effect of danger from their observation, which is well displayed. However, they convey danger differently because, ‘Blood River’ mainly exaggerate human decay and ‘Heart of Darkness’ use environmental decay to show danger.

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