Diabeties Essay, Research PaperThere are two types of diabetes: diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. Diabetes insipidus is a rare metabolic upset caused by a lack of the pituitary endocrine, which is normally the consequence of harm to the pituitary secretory organ.
Diabetes insipidus is characterized by tremendous sums of piss that are produced by the organic structure regardless of how much liquid is consumed. Diabetes mellitus consequences from the production of deficient sums of insulin by the pancreas. Without insulin the organic structure can non use glucose, therefore making a high degree of glucose in the blood and a low degree of glucose soaking up by the tissues. Diabetess mellitus is by and large divided into two classs: type I called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes and type II in which the oncoming of the diabetes occurs during maturity. The symptoms of the type I diabetic include crossness, frequent micturition, unnatural thirst, sickness or emesis, failing, weariness, and unusual hungriness. This type of diabetes occurs largely in kids or immature grownups.
The type I diabetic may hold an insulin reaction in an blink of an eye, looking absolutely normal one second and going unconscious the following. The early warning marks of this type of reaction are hungriness, giddiness, perspiration, confusion, palpitation, and numbness or prickling of the lips. If left untreated, the insulin-dependent diabetic may besides see dual vision, shaking, and freak out, may execute unusual actions, and may finally lose consciousness. While sing any one of these symptoms, speedy ingestion of a piece of confect, some sodium carbonate dad, or anything else that contains sugar will convey blood sugar degrees back to normal.Recovery is more hard for the diabetic whose insulin reaction is left untreated for a long period of clip. An insulin reaction bring forthing low blood sugar can be life endangering. Therefore, it is safer to & # 8220 ; spill & # 8221 ; little sums of piss sugar when taking insulin.
The 2nd type of diabetes, frequently referred to as maturity-onset diabetes, is likely to happen in those with a household history of diabetes and is characterized by bleary vision, itchiness, unusual thirst, sleepiness, fleshiness, weariness, skin infections, slow healing, and prickling or numbness in the pess. Onset of symptoms is normally subsequently in life.Diet frequently controls this type and insulin is non normally required. Obesity is a major factor in type II diabetes.An estimated 5.
5 million Americans are being treated for diabetes. Surveies indicate that there are 5 million grownups with undetected type II diabetes, and another 20 million have impaired glucose tolerance that may take to matured diabetes. The National Institutes of Health study that undiagnosed diabetes is the ground behind 1000000s losing their vision. Those who are fleshy face the greatest hazard of developing diabetes. It is the 3rd prima cause of decease in the United States.
Other marks of diabetes include lingering flu-like symptoms, loss of hair on legs, increased facial hair, little xanthous bumps anyplace on the organic structure ( known as xanthomas-cholesterol ) , and redness of the penile tegument. Diabetes is associated with arteriosclerosis.DIABETES SELF-TESTSType I Diabetes ( Insulin-Dependent or Juvenile Diabetes ) To prove for type I diabetes:1. Purchase chemically treated fictile strips at the drugstore.2. Prickle your finger and use a bead of blood to the tip of the strip.3.
Wait one minute and compare the colour on the strip to a colour chart that lists assorted glucose degrees. ( There are assorted electronic devices available that can analyse the trial strip for you and give you a numerical readout of the glucose degree. ) There is a new device caned Glucometer 2 ( Miles Laboratories, Elkhart Indiana ) that can be used at place at your convenience. You merely prick your finger with the spring-loaded acerate leaf, use a bead of your blood to the trial strip, and topographic point it into the machine for analysis. This trial will give you immediate feedback on your condition.Type II Diabetes ( Maturity-Onset Diabetes ) Those who do non hold an oncoming of diabetes until maturity ( type II diabetics ) are non able to comprehend sweet gustatory sensations. While turn toing the American Diabetic Association, Dr. J.
Shan said, & # 8220 ; This abnormalcy may play an of import function in how nutrient is perceived by patients and their conformity with diet therapy. & # 8221 ; Obesity is common among type II diabetics ( those who became diabetic during maturity ) . A weight decrease plan is normally all that is required to command this type of diabetes without the usage of drugs. However, the inability of these patients to perceive sweet gustatory sensations makes it more hard for them to lose weight Because they do non acknowledge the sweet gustatory sensation of substances, they frequently consume sugary merchandises that they do non appreciate as sweet If the type II diabetic attains a better apprehension of his nutrient and exercises greater attention in his nutrient picks and carefully reads nutrient labels, he will be able to command the job and avoid drugs or insulin.The following trial can observe this impaired ability to savor sweets.1. Do non devour stimulations ( java, tea, sodium carbonate ) or Sweets for one hr before the test.2.
Label seven indistinguishable spectacless as holding no sugar, 1/4 teaspoon sugar, 1/2 teaspoon sugar, 1 teaspoon sugar, 11/2 teaspoons sugar, 2 teaspoons sugar, or 3 teaspoons sugar. Fill each glass with eight ounces of H2O and add the appropriate sum of sugar. Have person topographic point the spectacless out of order and conceal the labels.3. Take a straw and sip from each glass, taging which sum you think it is. Between each trial rinse your oral cavity with H2O Harmonizing to Dr. Shan, & # 8220 ; Most normal people perceive a sweet gustatory sensation with merely one teaspoon or less of sugar in the eight ounces of H2O. Those with adult-onset diabetes will non comprehend sugariness until they have tasted the equivalent of 11/2 to 2 teaspoons of the & # 8220 ; sugar water.
& # 8221 ; J.D Wallach, DVM, ND, and Ma Lan, MD, MS province that & # 8220 ; Diabetess: is the figure one shame of the & # 8220 ; orthodox & # 8221 ; physicians in the twentieth century. Diabetes is easy to forestall, easy to bring around and handle so you can avoid all of the awful side effects ( i.e.
, sightlessness, high blood pressure, amputations. early decease, etc. ) . Since 1958, it has been known that auxiliary Cr will forestall and handle diabetes every bit good as hypoglycaemia & # 8212 ; merely inquire any wellness nutrient shop proprietor or N.D. ! The facts associated with Cr and diabetes were published in the Federation Proceeding by Walter Mertz ( the manager of the U.
held services ) . Here is the ultimate instance of a whole forte of medical specialty being wiped out by cosmopolitan Chromium addendums but kept secret and off from the populace for economic grounds! ! ! Additionally the University of Vancouver, BC, Canada stated that & # 8220 ; Vanadium will replace insulin for grownup onset diabetics & # 8221 ; ! ! Chromium/vanadium and the diabetes narrative should be on the front page of the newspaper in the same bold print as VE DAY alternatively of any type of unreal bosom pump that will salvage one life for $ 250,000! ! ! ! The diagnosing of diabetes is really easy and it should be considered in any disease where there is a chronic weight loss or weight addition. Frequent micturition and chronic thirst are warning marks that should be explored. A six-hour GTT will demo a steep rise of blood glucose at 30-60 proceedingss to over 275-mg % and may maintain lifting to over 350 and remain elevated after 4-6 hours.
The piss should be tested for sugar with the & # 8220 ; dipstick & # 8221 ; test every clip the blood is tested for sugar. A positive diabetic will ever include a positive piss sugar during the six-hour GTT. A forenoon fasting piss sugar trial is useless for the initial diagnosing of diabetes. Blood of the diabetic is besides typical in that the lipoids and cholesterin are elevated every bit good as the sugar.Treatment of diabetes should include Cr and V at 25 mcg/day in the initial phases to forestall & # 8220 ; insulin daze & # 8221 ; ( sudden dropping of blood sugar because of a comparative insulin overdose ) .
Keep look intoing urine blood sugar before and after repasts, as the blood sugar degree beads and you can cut down your insulin one or two units per twenty-four hours, travel up to 25 microgram b.i.d. , so t.i.d. ; so travel to 50 microgram b.i.
d. , etc. You will besides necessitate to cover with nutrient allergic reactions that cause celiac-type enteric lesions ( i.e. , wheat gluten, cow’s milk, Soya, etc.) and supplement with betaine HCl and digestive enzymes at 75-200 mg t.i.d.
before meals. Have patience – the intestinal lesions take 60-90 days to heal”. VanadiumMetallic vanadium (vanadyl sulfate) is absorbed from the intestinal tract ver) poorly at only O. 1 to 1.0 %; vanadium chelates at 40 % and plant derived colloidal! at up to 98 %. Vanadium was proven to be an essential trace mineral in 1971. Vanadium stimulates glucose (blood sugar) oxidation and transport in fat cells and glycogen (anima starch) synthesis in liver and muscle, and inhibits liver gluconeogenisis (production of glucose from fat) and absorption of glucose from the gut Vanadium enhances the stimulating effect of insulin on DNA synthesis.
Despite low serum insulin, the blood glucose levels of diabetic rats fed vanadium was the same as normal controls.Vanadium appears to function like insulin by altering cell membrane function transport processes, therefore vanadium has a very beneficial effect for humans with glucose tolerance problems (i.e. hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and diabetes) by making the cell membrane Insulin receptors more sensitive to insulin. Seven cultures including American Indians, Hispanics and Hawaiians have an increased rate (diabetes when they cease to eat their ethnic foods and consume canned, processed an fast foods.
Vanadium supplementation can have a major positive economic Impact by reducing or even eliminating most cases (adult onset diabetes – diabetes alone cost American taxpayers a minimum of $105 billion each year Vanadium inhibits cholesterol synthesis in animals and humans; this is followed by decreased plasma levels of cholesterol are reduced aortic cholesterol. Vanadium initiates an increase In the contractile force of heart muscle known as the “isotropic effect” Vanadium has known anti-carcinogenic properties. Induction of mouse mammary tumor growth was blocked by feeding 25 mcg of vanadium per gram of diet The vanadium supplement reduced tumor Incidence, average tumor count per animal and prolonged median cancer free time without inhibiting overall growth or health of the animals (sure beats chemotherapy and radiation I).Clinical diseases associated with Vanadium deficiency include: Slow growth Increased infant mortality Elevated cholesterol Elevated triglycerides Hypoglycemia Hyperinsulinemia Diabetes Cardiovascular disease Obesity 1. McNeill, J.H.: Biological Effects of Vanadium.
The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. June 16,1993.2. Nielsen, F.H.: Vanadium. In Trace Elements in Human and and Animal Nutrition.
Vol. 1.5th ed (Mertz,W.ed) 1987.ChromiumChromium activates phosphoglucosonetase and other enzymes and is tightly associated with GTF (glucose tolerance factor – a combination of chromium III, dinicotinic acid and glutathione). The reported plasma levels of chromium in humans over the past 20 years has ranged from 0.
075 to 13 ng/ml. Concentrations of chromium In human hair Is ten times greater than in blood making hair analysis a much more accurate view of chromium stores and function In the human (there is 1.5mg in the human body).Very little inorganic chromium is stored in the body, once inorganic chromium is absorbed, it is almost entirely excreted in the urine (therefore urine chromium levels can be used to estimate dietary chromium status). Dietary sugar loads (i.
e; colas, apple juice, grape juice, honey, candy, sugar, fructose, etc.) increase the natural rate of urinary Cr. loss by 300 % for 12 hours.
The average intake of 50 to 100 ug of inorganic chromium from food and water supplies only 0.25 to 0.5 mcg of usable chromium, by contrast 25 % of chelated chromium is absorbed. The chromium RDA for humans is a range of 50 to 200 mg per day for adults.The concentration of chromium is higher in newborn animals and humans than it is in later life.
In fact, the chromium levels of unsupplemented human tissue steadily decreases throughout life of even more concern has been the steady decline In the average American serum chromium since 1948:The fasting chromium plasma level of pregnant women is lower than that of non-pregnant women. Increasing impairment of glucose tolerance In “normal” pregnancy Is well documented and reflects a chromium deficiency oftentimes resulting In pregnancy onset diabetes. One study demonstrated abnormal glucose tolerance in 77 percent of clinically “normal” adults over the age of 70. According to Richard Anderson, USDA, “90 percent of Americans are deficient in chromium.”Gary Evans, Bemidji State University, Minnesota, very clearly showed an increased life span in laboratory animals by 33.3 per cent when they were supplemented with chromium. Prior to this study gerontologlsts, led by Roy Walford, felt a severe restriction of calories was the only way to extend life past the expected average. Deficiencies of chromium in humans are characterized by a wide variety of clinical diseases as well as a shortened life expectancy.
The clinical diseases of chromium deficiency are aggravated by vanadium deficiency Treatment of diabetes should also include zinc at 50 mg t.i.d., B-complex at 50 mg t.i.
d. (be sure to include niacin which is part of the GTF “glucose tolerance factor”), essential fatty acids at 5 gm t.i.d., B-12 at 1,000 mcg/day, bioflavonoids including quercetin at 150 mg/day, copper at 2-3 mg/day, lecithin at 2,500 mg t.
i.d. and glutathione at 100 mg/day. High fiber, no processed carbohydrates and avoid meat in the beginning stages of the therapy –the reason is that every time you eat processed carbohydrates (i.
e., sugar, honey, alcohol, mashed potatoes, etc.) you will loose 300% more chromium in your urine than when you consume complex carbohydrates! Herbs are useful in treating diabetes and may include licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), jaborandi (Pilocarpus jaborandi), yarrow (Achillea Millefolium), Canadian fleabane (Erigeron canadense) and Jerusalem artichoke.HERBSIf you suffer from diabetes you may wish to try the following herbs: buchu leaves, dandelion root, golden-seal and uva ursi. In addition, huckleberry helps to promote insulin production and a tea made of ginseng is believed to lower the blood sugar level. RECOMMENDATIONSA high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet reduces the need for insulin and also lowers the fat levels in the blood.
Olive oil may help adult-onset diabetes. Fiber will reduce blood sugar surges. Eat crackers with nut butters or cheese. Use oat and rice bran crackers. High fat levels are linked to heart disease. Spirulina helps produce a stable blood sugar level. Go on a spirulina diet consisting of raw fruits and vegetables as well as fresh juices. This diet will help to reduce sugar in the urine.
Foods that help normalize blood sugar include berries, brewer’s yeast, dairy products (especially cheese), egg yolks, fish, garlic, sauerkraut, soybeans, and vegetables. A low-protein diet consisting of less than 40 grams of protein each day is recommended for diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease). Avoid large amounts of PABA, white flour products, and salt.
Consumption of these products results in an elevation of blood sugar. It is important to get protein from a vegetable source. CONSIDERATIONSDo not take large doses of cysteine. It has the ability to break down the bonds of the hormone insulin. Be careful not to take extremely large doses of vitamins B1 and C. Excessive amounts may inactivate insulin. They may, however, be taken in normal amounts.
Type II diabetics should avoid large amounts of niacin, but niacinamide for type I diabetics slows down destruction of beta cells in the pancreas and enhances their regeneration, extending the remission time. The statements and products in this article have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATIONFor more information on diabetes, contact the following organizations:American Diabetes Association1660 Duke StreetAlexandria, VA 22314(703) 549-1500International Diabetes Center5000 W. 39th StreetMinneapolis, MI 55416(612) 927-3393Joslin Diabetes FoundationOne Joslin PlaceBoston, MA 02215617) 732-2415Juvenile Diabetes Foundation60 Madison AvenueNew York, NY 10010-1550(212) 889-7575