Do we know
what we are doing is morally right or wrong? To act in good faith, we must all
know the actions in which we take is morally right or wrong. Kant defined good
will as not really acting out the good deed but more of the attitude you have
when doing something good. Kant felt we should act realistically in order to
develop a good will. Simply doing something good doesn’t mean it is good but if
you good intentions on your actions then its good will. According to Kant, the
good will is the only thing that is good in and of itself. Kant says we must
have a moral duty instead of a person’s natural tendency. When Kant speaks on
duty, he speaks more in reference to basically a set of rules of conduct. For
him he created the categorical imperative.

The
categorical imperative is basically the formula for universal law, if we can
follow these laws then we will always act out of good will. Before we act, we
should consider the categorical imperative for it provide a way for us to
evaluate our moral actions. Kant provides us with four formulations of
categorical imperative. Two formulas help understand the categorical imperative
was, the formula of the universal law of nature and the humanity formula. The formula
of the universal law of nature explains what is the general rule in the action I
am considering. The humanity formula focuses on how we should treat people,
basically we need to treat people in good will and not in good will just
because it may benefit us which would be morally wrong. Conformity to universal
law is basically saying we have laws and we should follow them. Kant, I don’t believe
was not telling us we have to obey but we should have the goal or desire to
follow.

            The death penalty is the strongest
punishment for a person who have committed heinous crimes. It is a deterrent
for others not to commit the same heinous for certainly those that have
committed those heinous crimes they will not be able to after justice is
served. We sit back and think is it really justice by creating more suffering, putting
another life through pain and suffering but not only physical but emotional too
for the actor’s family who will be emotionally suffering. Kant believes that
there is law set in place for a reason and we must follow. Kant seem to believe
that if you violate those laws then you should face the consequences. Kant
feels it is morally accepted for the death penalty especially for murder
because it helps prevent these crimes from future criminals, and for them to
think about the crime they are going to commit. If you kill someone for no reason
or just for some type of revenge, Kant feels that is ethically wrong and
immoral. Now if you kill someone and you get sentenced to death, Kant feel it
is a moral action to do so because of the fact you killed someone and now they
are removing you from harming anyone else. If the government was sentences you
to death just because they wanted to use your body for a science experiment
then Kant felt that was also immoral because it was defeating the purpose of
capital punishment and keeping the citizens safe. 

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