Drawing the Human Figure:Onceyou are at ease with drawing the basic shapes, it’s time for you to move ontothe Human figure.

To begin with, draw the Human figure using just the lines; inother words begin with the line drawings of the Human figure as shown in theimage below- ADD PIC line drawingMakesure that you sketch out these line drawings of the Human figure really quick,say in 10 seconds! Drawing gestures and movements – It involves making fluent or fluid designs that indicate weight, forceand mood of movements. It means drawing very quickly capturing the essence ofthe form. It also helps in increasing an understanding of various forms andtheir movements. Gesture drawing should be quick as it adds energy to thedrawings. Lines should be economical, as it makes the figures simple and moreexpressive. Drawing the figures in various postures will give versatility and abetter understanding on how bodies move. –         Basic proportions – Proportions of a body have to be established while drawing an image, asit needs to seem realistic. An adult’s height is around seven and a half heads,for example, while a baby’s is only about four times the size of its head.

Someother proportions can be noted – the width of the chest is one head unitusually, the waist is slightly broader than one head, the knees are to beplaced above the lower quarter of the figure and the wrist descends just belowthe crotch and the male figure is approximately two heads broader at the widestpoint than the female figure. Similarly, one can work out these basicproportions for the rest of the human body, keeping in mind the variousdifferences in the male and the female forms. Drawing heads – In the overall human figure, the head and face are the main focal pointsof attention. They display various emotions and expressions. The eyes are themain centre of attraction, as they communicate emotions and moods better thanwords. The eyebrows play a very important role in complementing the mooddepicted by the eyes. The nose adds a character to the face.

The ears are themost complex part of the human body to draw. The shape and expressions of thelips too need to be carefully drawn, as they will determine the emotion beingexpressed to a large extent – whether the figure drawn is laughing, crying orfrowning, it will become clear according to the way the lips are drawn. Key lines – These are the lines used for structural division of a figure being drawn.They are basically the main lines or important lines that help in the placementof one part of the body in reference to the other parts.

These key lines can bedrawn straight or curved, according to the position of the model. Perspective – This is what makes the drawings seem realistic; even after knowing theanatomy and the structure of the human figure, figures or images might not seemrealistic unless you can relate the various parts of the figure to the eyelevel or to the horizon. This relationship is known as perspective. Perspectivein the figure actually means that all the parts of the figure are related to aparticular eye level. The perspective of the same figure will change as per thelevel at which you view it – from above, below or from directly in front of theimage. Perspective is another way to place a drawing in space, by creatingdepth and giving the object a feel of actually existing in a given space.Drawing with perspective in mind allows one to place the image in the foreground,middle ground or background. These are of three types –  1.

     One point perspective – In this, there is only one vanishingpoint, which is always within the image itself. Vanishing point is the pointobtained by extending the edges of the objects that are parallel to each otherthat converge at one point. ADD better PIC s2.     Two pointperspective – There are twovanishing points in this that are on the same horizon.

3.     Threepoint perspective – Twovanishing points are on the same horizon; the third is either above or belowthe horizon line. This helps the viewer of the image to focus on these pointswherever we want him to be looking = either above or below the horizon line.Volume Construction – The sphere, the cube and the cone are the three fundamental or basicforms in nature from which other forms, like the cylinder are derived. Theseshapes help in drawing the human form – in making the large areas like thetorso, as well as the smaller areas like the toes and fingers. The trunk andthe torso are geometrical shapes – the torso can be seen as an elongatedcylinder, or as two cubes, one on top of the other.

Imagine these cubes joinedtogether by a cord that allows them the flexibility to move and to twist andturn around, resulting in various movements.   Balance – This helps the human body to remain in position and not fall over whilestationary or when in movement. For this, the weight of the body needs to beproperly distributed. Moreover, the state of balance changes according to themovement. While drawing, this needs to be kept in mind, because otherwise theimages appear unrealistic and disturbing. The centre of gravity has to bejudged, because every figure, when stationary or in movement, has to have awell-distributed centre of gravity, for example, when a figure is shown asstanding, the centre of gravity is evenly distributed between both his feet. Light and shade – With the help of light and shade, we can create highlights or shadows.

Using this we can also add depth and dimension to the image being drawn. Tocorrectly use this concept in drawing, one needs to have knowledge of the greyscale that is a scale originating with white at one end and with black at theother end, with increasing shades of grey in between. All these shades of greyindicate different conditions of light. An easy exercise to understand thisconcept would be to make a sphere and imagine light falling on it from variousangles. Accordingly, it would be dark and light in different parts, as thelight shifts.

This concept helps in highlighting various parts of the humanface or the human figure, making it appear cheery or serious.sShape – This is a basic requirement in drawing that helps to view and draw theobject without any distortion in its form. For this, one has to train the eyeto see the full form of the image, rather than seeing it in parts. Triangles,circles, ovals and other such irregular shapes are easier to see than simplylinear ones.

When drawing the human figure, it is easier to see it as acomposition or combination of various shapes than as a composite whole. Line of action – The Line of Action or the Center Line is the imaginary curved line goingfrom the head or the top of the figure to the bottom. Every figure will have aline of action; so when one is drawing a figure in an image, the line of actioncan be used as a point of reference to draw the outline of the figure.    Drawing the Human Figure:Onceyou are at ease with drawing the basic shapes, it’s time for you to move ontothe Human figure.

To begin with, draw the Human figure using just the lines; inother words begin with the line drawings of the Human figure as shown in theimage below- ADD PIC line drawingMakesure that you sketch out these line drawings of the Human figure really quick,say in 10 seconds! Drawing gestures and movements – It involves making fluent or fluid designs that indicate weight, forceand mood of movements. It means drawing very quickly capturing the essence ofthe form. It also helps in increasing an understanding of various forms andtheir movements.

Gesture drawing should be quick as it adds energy to thedrawings. Lines should be economical, as it makes the figures simple and moreexpressive. Drawing the figures in various postures will give versatility and abetter understanding on how bodies move. –         Basic proportions – Proportions of a body have to be established while drawing an image, asit needs to seem realistic. An adult’s height is around seven and a half heads,for example, while a baby’s is only about four times the size of its head. Someother proportions can be noted – the width of the chest is one head unitusually, the waist is slightly broader than one head, the knees are to beplaced above the lower quarter of the figure and the wrist descends just belowthe crotch and the male figure is approximately two heads broader at the widestpoint than the female figure.

Similarly, one can work out these basicproportions for the rest of the human body, keeping in mind the variousdifferences in the male and the female forms. Drawing heads – In the overall human figure, the head and face are the main focal pointsof attention. They display various emotions and expressions. The eyes are themain centre of attraction, as they communicate emotions and moods better thanwords. The eyebrows play a very important role in complementing the mooddepicted by the eyes. The nose adds a character to the face.

The ears are themost complex part of the human body to draw. The shape and expressions of thelips too need to be carefully drawn, as they will determine the emotion beingexpressed to a large extent – whether the figure drawn is laughing, crying orfrowning, it will become clear according to the way the lips are drawn. Key lines – These are the lines used for structural division of a figure being drawn.They are basically the main lines or important lines that help in the placementof one part of the body in reference to the other parts. These key lines can bedrawn straight or curved, according to the position of the model.

Perspective – This is what makes the drawings seem realistic; even after knowing theanatomy and the structure of the human figure, figures or images might not seemrealistic unless you can relate the various parts of the figure to the eyelevel or to the horizon. This relationship is known as perspective. Perspectivein the figure actually means that all the parts of the figure are related to aparticular eye level. The perspective of the same figure will change as per thelevel at which you view it – from above, below or from directly in front of theimage. Perspective is another way to place a drawing in space, by creatingdepth and giving the object a feel of actually existing in a given space.Drawing with perspective in mind allows one to place the image in the foreground,middle ground or background.

These are of three types –  1.     One point perspective – In this, there is only one vanishingpoint, which is always within the image itself. Vanishing point is the pointobtained by extending the edges of the objects that are parallel to each otherthat converge at one point. ADD better PIC s2.     Two pointperspective – There are twovanishing points in this that are on the same horizon. 3.     Threepoint perspective – Twovanishing points are on the same horizon; the third is either above or belowthe horizon line. This helps the viewer of the image to focus on these pointswherever we want him to be looking = either above or below the horizon line.

Volume Construction – The sphere, the cube and the cone are the three fundamental or basicforms in nature from which other forms, like the cylinder are derived. Theseshapes help in drawing the human form – in making the large areas like thetorso, as well as the smaller areas like the toes and fingers. The trunk andthe torso are geometrical shapes – the torso can be seen as an elongatedcylinder, or as two cubes, one on top of the other. Imagine these cubes joinedtogether by a cord that allows them the flexibility to move and to twist andturn around, resulting in various movements.   Balance – This helps the human body to remain in position and not fall over whilestationary or when in movement. For this, the weight of the body needs to beproperly distributed. Moreover, the state of balance changes according to themovement.

While drawing, this needs to be kept in mind, because otherwise theimages appear unrealistic and disturbing. The centre of gravity has to bejudged, because every figure, when stationary or in movement, has to have awell-distributed centre of gravity, for example, when a figure is shown asstanding, the centre of gravity is evenly distributed between both his feet. Light and shade – With the help of light and shade, we can create highlights or shadows.Using this we can also add depth and dimension to the image being drawn. Tocorrectly use this concept in drawing, one needs to have knowledge of the greyscale that is a scale originating with white at one end and with black at theother end, with increasing shades of grey in between. All these shades of greyindicate different conditions of light. An easy exercise to understand thisconcept would be to make a sphere and imagine light falling on it from variousangles. Accordingly, it would be dark and light in different parts, as thelight shifts.

This concept helps in highlighting various parts of the humanface or the human figure, making it appear cheery or serious.sShape – This is a basic requirement in drawing that helps to view and draw theobject without any distortion in its form. For this, one has to train the eyeto see the full form of the image, rather than seeing it in parts. Triangles,circles, ovals and other such irregular shapes are easier to see than simplylinear ones. When drawing the human figure, it is easier to see it as acomposition or combination of various shapes than as a composite whole.

Line of action – The Line of Action or the Center Line is the imaginary curved line goingfrom the head or the top of the figure to the bottom. Every figure will have aline of action; so when one is drawing a figure in an image, the line of actioncan be used as a point of reference to draw the outline of the figure.  

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