Early Life:Eleanora Fagan, better know as Billie Holiday or Lady day was born April 7 1915 in Philadelphia. She took her name after actor Billie Dove. Holiday’s parents were not married and her father left her mother as soon as she was born. Unfortunately she was raped by a neighbor when she was 11. Holiday later moved to Harlem with her mother and opened a restaurant.Career:Nikki Holiday’s talents were first found by producer John Hammond. At that time she was working for extra cash and Hammond found her improvising from table to table in a jazz club, singing the same song in different ways, something no other singer was able to do in a short period of time. In 1935, Holiday had a small role as a woman abused by her lover in Duke Ellington’s short Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life. This pushed her career, becoming a big-band vocalist with Count Basie in 1937. However this deal didn’t last long but Holiday was hired by Artie Shaw a month after being fired from the Count Basie Band. Holiday appeared with her idol Louis Armstrong in the 1947 film New Orleans, playing the role of a maid. Near the end of her short-lived life, Holiday also toured Europe. Influence on jazz:Despite never learning how to read music, Holiday is a influential in jazz. In fact, in September 1943, Life magazine wrote, “She has the most distinct style of any popular vocalist and is imitated by other vocalists. She would often be behind the beat in a little hum like Louis Armstrong. She also had a very distinct way of rhythm and phrasing her notes. It was how filled with emotion her voice was when she was singing that captivated her audience. Although critics say that her voice lacked range, it was her unique style that made her special. Also after years of drug-use her voice did became more raspy. After she died, Shelby lynn and Frank Sinatra openly exclaimed that he owes Billie Holiday for being such a great innovator.Legacy: Holiday died in 1959 at the age of 44. To honor Holiday, the U.S. Postal Service presented Holiday with a stamp on Sept. 18, 1994. Her song “Crazy He Calls me” single was also inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2010. She also wrote an autobiography which was made into the 1972 film Lady Sings the Blues. In 2000, Billie Holiday was introduced into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.-improvisation around the tables -Count Basie -lester young -Artie Shaw -Consciousness of colour and lynching -Movie with Louis Armstrong -1954 European Tour 35 minShe also had a number of popular songs by then, dating to 1933 and one of her first recordings, “Riffin the Scotch,” which she recorded with Benny Goodman. More than 3,000 people turned out to say good-bye to Lady Day at her funeral held in St. Paul the Apostle Roman Catholic Church on July 21, 1959. A who’s who of the jazz world attended the solemn occasion, including Benny Goodman, Gene Krupa, Tony Scott, Buddy Rogers, and John Hammond.She explored the concept of being quiet yet still being powerful(with new microphones that only gave her that ability at that time.)

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