Educationis a dynamic and continuous process.
The importance of education has beenrealized by everyone and every nation. In developing nations, educationalimprovement is widely perceived as a vehicle for economic development andindustrial modernization (Benavot 1992; Brown-Acquaye 2001; Walberg 1991).Before 21st century, in India the education was provided bytraditional methods.
The traditional method includes long-hour sitting ofstudents to teacher monologues. More emphasis was given on theory and lessimportance was given to practical based education. But in 21stcentury, the use of science and technology has been increased and fluencies thefield of education. Inthe present scenario the expectations of the stockholders are also increasedabout school. Interactive classroom are the demand of the society by whichtheir kids can gain knowledge in short time and in interesting way.
Smart Classwas conceived and developed around the ideology that for technology to becomean integral part of day to day teaching and learning practices in schools. Thesmart School is a physical school that control and management of it is based oncomputer and network technology and the content of its courses is electronicand its evaluation and monitoring system is intelligent. A SMART Board is aneffective tool to engage students. Because the whiteboard has a large screen,all students can see it from anywhere in the classroom and it provides a spacefor hands-on activities to occur. Teachers and students can work together atthe front of the room with the board and the rest of the class can stillactively participate because they can see what is presented without needing tostand up or move closer.SmartSchool Goals· All-round developmentof students (physical, mental, emotional and psychological)· Improving individual’spromotion and abilities· Training thinker anduser of technology human resources· Increasing publicparticipationThe benefits of using technology in the class roomsare broad and deep. When school utilizes education technology like SMARTInteractive White Boards, students are more engaged, more motivated and moreexcited about learning.
An interactive smart class room helps the teachers toprepare dynamic multimedia lessons with hand on component. In smart class roomslearning, the student’s audio-visual sense is targeted and this helps thestudents to store information fast and more effectively. There are theadvantages of utilizing the time which is wasted earlier in drawing orpreparing diagrams on board. Smart boards have all these information in memoryand can be use presented during the time of class lectures and thus, the timesaved can be used in more important things. Impact of SmartClass Room Learning Environment on the Academic achievement of Secondary SchoolStudentsOBJECTIVES The present study is based on thefollowing objectives:1. To know the smart classroom environment of secondary school of Jind District of Haryana.
2. To study the achievementlevel of secondary school students before teaching through smart classroomlearning environment in Biology.3.
To find out the differencein the impact of smart class room learning environment on academic achievementof secondary school students in biology. HYPOTHESES The present study is based on following hypotheses:1. Smart class roomenvironment of secondary school of Jind District of Haryana is adequate.2.
There is no significantdifference between the academic achievements of secondary school studentsbefore teaching through smart classroom learning environment in Biology.3. There exists a significantimpact of smart class room learning environment on academic achievement ofsecondary school students in Biology.DELIMITATIONS1. The study was delimited to only one Secondary School of JindDistrict of Haryana.2.
The study was delimited interms of sample size i.e. 60 secondary school students of class IX only.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The present study is experimental innature. Randomized Groups Pre-test- Post- Test Design was used by theinvestigator. SAMPLEThe present study contained 60students of Indus Public secondaryschool of Jind District.TOOLS USEDThe investigator was used anachievement test of Biology, constructed by herself with the help of hersupervisor.STATISTICALTECHNIQUEInorder to make the inquiry exact, precise and scientific the collected data wereanalysed with the help of Mean, S.
D. and t-test.DATAANALYSISTable-1: Comparison ofAchievement Level of Secondary School Students before Teaching through SmartClassroom Environment (Pre-test) Group N Mean S.D. ‘t’ Value (df 58) Control Group 30 10.1 1.84 1.
42 ns Experimental Group 30 10.7 1.35 Table-1, reveals thatthe mean score of pre- test of control group and experimental group are 10.1and 10.7 with S.D. 1.84 and 1.
35 respectively. The t- value came out to be 1.42which is not significant at any level of significance. Thus, the hypothesis 1″There exit no significant difference between the academic achievement ofsecondary school students before teaching through smart classroom learningenvironment in Biology” is accepted.
Table-2: Comparison ofAchievement Level of Secondary School Students after Teaching through SmartClassroom Environment (Post-test) Group N Mean S.D. ‘t’ Value (df 58) Control Group (Teaching through Conventional Method) 30 13.1 2.42 10.79** Experimental Group (Teaching through Smart Classroom Learning Environment) 30 18.
83 1.61 ** Significant at .01 levelof SignificanceTable-2, depicts thatthe calculated t value of secondary school students who got and who did not getinstruction in smart classroom learning environment according to their pre-testand post-test is 10.79, which is found to be significant at .01 level ofsignificance.
Therefore, it can be interpreted that there exist a significantdifference in the effect of teaching through smart classes on academicachievement of experimental group secondary school students in Biology. Thus,the second hypothesis that “there is no significant impact of smart classroomlearning environment on academic achievement of secondary school students inBiology” is fully rejected. Thus, the hypothesis 2 “There exit nosignificant impactof smart class room learning environment on academic achievement of secondaryschool students in Biology” is rejected. MAIN FINDINGSThe assumption of the study that the Smartclass room environment of secondary school of Jind District of Haryana isadequate.1.
The first null hypothesis that ” thereexit no significant difference between the academic achievement of secondaryschool students before teaching through smart classroom learning environment inBiology” is fully accepted. The finding of the same hypothesis is as follows:Ø Thepre- test mean scores of control group and experimental group were almostsimilar. The t- ratio came out to be 1.42 which is not significant at any levelof significance. The second hypothesis that “there exit no significant impact of smart class room learning environment on academic achievement of secondary school students in Biology” is rejected. The finding of the same hypothesis is as follows:Ø Thecalculated t value of secondary school students who got and who did not getinstruction in smart classroom learning environment according to their pre-testand post-test was 10.79, which is found to be significant at 0.01level ofsignificance.
It means a significant difference in the effect of teachingthrough smart classes on academic achievement of experimental group secondaryschool students in Biology. EDUCATIONALIMPLICATIONSThe most outstandingcharacteristics of any research is that it must contribute something new to thedevelopment of area concerned, so the investigator has to find out theeducational implication of his/her study. Today is the age of science andtechnology. Almost everything has undergone teaching learning programmes havealso been effected by it. The classroom has to have a different shape in timesto come. It is to be just like a laboratory where different hardware such asprojector, tape recorder, recorder player, overhead projector, epidiascope,computer etc.
is lying.Software of differenttype are also available; the process of teaching learning upon the differenttypes of equipment available in the class room. Now the classrooms have totallychanged, a shy and inhibited learner in the educational system has become amore active and social student in modern classroom.
This has become possibleonly the use of new techniques and innovations in the classroom. Normalclassrooms have turned into SMART CLASSROOMS. In absence of hardware andsoftware, the classrooms will be considered traditional ones. Surely theclassroom in the 21st century has to be modern from every angle.
Ø Thesmart classroom should be used in the schools to make aware of the optimum useof technology in their studies. Ø Thecurriculum in the whole academic activities should be connected to the SmartClass. Ø Theteacher should be proper use of Smart Class to clarify the topic.
Ø Theprojects, seminars and home assignment, all these should be given by takingdigital learning into account. Ø Newconcepts and up to date information should be given to students through theSmart class. Ø Allschools must have smart Class and each individual must be given a chance to usethe Smart Class. Ø Theguidance of teacher must be there with student while using smart class, so thatthey do not get distracted from the right path. Ø Seminars,conferences and workshops should be organized to provide the teachers with theupdate knowledge of using technology (smart class) in the classroom so thatthey in turn able to motivate their students for their success of academicachievement.
Ø Studentsshould be given the proper instruction related to topic before using smartclass and they should be about the benefits of using the smart class. Ø Smartclassroom learning help to increase the learning abilities. Ø Smartclass may use as a supplementary learning tool to teaching low IQ levelstudents and high IQ level students.