In status of economic globalisation is go oning rapidly all over the universe, along with the development of the accelerated gait of scientific and proficient revolution and engineering, companies are faced to opportunities and challenges posed by the revolution brought. Human resources are become the most valuable assets, the most of import and most decisive for survive and development of any company. So, when we implement about this job, we need to understand that human resources have the cognition, accomplishments at a high degree, that originative work instead than labour empirical musculus. Social work force at that place has been a pronounced betterment from the workers ‘ portion green “ is largely the workers, ” white neckband “ is chiefly. During 1880, approximate 9/10 labours is manual labours, today, this figure decreases 1/5 and 4/5 labours are knowledge labours.[ 1 ]
The detonation of information and cognition with the current breakneck velocity makes the employees and organisations more easy in work outing their job. But, information and cognition overload are become burden. Therefore, happening and pull offing cognition are really necessary to organisations in patterns. And presents, cognition direction is consider as a tendency in direction of organisations
What is the nature of information and cognition direction?
Before discoursing cognition direction, a brief treatment is given about the Knowledge and knowledge direction, I want to discourse briefly about informations, information:
Now, I begin with informations, What is data? Data is the informations bed exists in the cognition of different storage types: paper, computing machine file, … Data and clear information exists and can be encoded and transmitted easy. Data is becomes information when it is analyzed, sorted, and placed in a general context and can go cognizant of the receiver. Information is data associated with a contact or a intent. Information into cognition when it is used for comparing and rating of results, set up contacts and carry on a duologue. Information is data in the context that it can utilize for determination devising. The informations are sorted to make significance for the receiver ; it could be text, images, movie, or a conversation with another individual. Knowledge is information that person was armed. Knowledge means knowledge about a certain subject, the potency to utilize it on a certain end. The uncertainness of the memory limits the dependability of cognition about the past, while the happening of unpredictable events once more limits the dependability of cognition about the hereafter.
Knowledge today is considered a concern scheme effectivity of each organisation. So the formation and cognition direction is critical. So that every organisation needed to maintain cognition to keep their advantages and places. The common attitude of most people is to keep on to one ‘s cognition since it is what makes him or her an plus to the organisation. Today, cognition is still considered power – an tremendous power in fact – but the apprehension has changed well, peculiarly from the position of organisations. New theoretical account of each organisation is now common cognition sharing among employees to the organisational development. That is the cardinal to knowledge direction – cognition sharing.
In general, there are two types of cognition: tacit cognition and expressed cognition. Tacit cognition is that stored in the encephalon of a individual. Explicit cognition is that contained in paperss or other signifiers of storage other than the human encephalon. Explicit cognition may hence be stored or imbedded in installations, merchandises, procedures, services and systems. Both types of cognition can be produced as a consequence of interactions or inventions. They can be the result of relationships or confederations. They permeate the day-to-day operation of organisations and contribute to the attainment of their aims. Both silent and expressed cognition enable organisations to react to fresh state of affairss and emerging challenges.
A study in 2001 indicated that: “ 26 % norm in the organisation of cognition stored in paperss ( documents, books, paperss ) , 20 % is stored digitally, and stored in 42 % of the workers ”[ 2 ]
Why do we necessitate knowledge? As you known, during the period of employment, we find for each place, single places, employers are required to do the lucifer as: age, gender, experience.. And most qualified. Why are makings of import conditions that the employer give?
Understanding the qualities and abilities of each individual is a really hard occupation, necessitate more clip, cognition and professional makings. The chief making is to stand for the qualities and abilities of each individual. But it is non ever accurate ( because there are many instances buy – deceitful grades ) , but look at each one grade achieved, people will hold an overall appraisal and pre-qualification and that individual ‘s makings. Therefore, sheepskin as grounds of cognition.
Persons who have knowledge capacity, makings, cognition, experience and accomplishments at work, in life. Therefore the intellectuals who frequently have to move sagely and scientific method. Thus they are likely to be people would notice and chance to them besides higher.
Together, explicit and tacit cognition constitute the organisation ‘s information capital. Corporate cognition in an organisational context consequences from the securities firm of information among persons in a uninterrupted procedure of transforming informations into information and change overing silent cognition into expressed cognition. So it becomes more of import to transform silent cognition into expressed cognition.
I have an illustration to explicate about informations, information and cognition. I will utilize an illustration with utilizing a salvaging history in a bank relates with chief, involvement and involvement rate:
Datas: I have two Numberss such as 1000 or 8 % , wholly out of context, are merely pieces of informations. Interest, principal, and involvement rate, out of context, are non much more than informations as each has multiple significances which are context dependant.
Information: If I set up a bank nest egg history as the footing for context, so involvement, chief, and involvement rate become meaningful in that context with specific readings. Principal is the sum of money, $ 1000, in the nest eggs account. Interest rate, 8 % , is the factor used by the bank to calculate involvement on the principal.
Cognition: If I put $ 1000 in my nest eggs history, and the bank pays 8 % involvement annually, so at the terminal of one twelvemonth the bank will calculate the involvement of $ 80 and add it to my chief and I will hold $ 1080 in the bank. This pattern represents cognition, which, when I understand it, allows me to understand how the form will germinate over clip and the consequences it will bring forth. In understanding the form, I know and what I know is knowledge. If I deposit more money into my history, I know that I will gain more involvement, while if I withdraw money from my history ; I know that I will gain less involvement.
Harmonizing to illustration, we can see that Knowledge is the key to success for each procedure operation of the organisation. So organisations need to do the sensible, seasonably and utilize the appropriate tool to advance all the involvements and efficiency of cognition in the organisation
Therefore, the direction of cognition is really necessary in every organisation. However, what is knowledge direction? And why must knowledge direction.
Knowledge direction is a procedure, an effectual direction tool to portion, gaining control, storage, choice, creativeness and cognition to supply the right individual, right topographic point, right clip to raise the efficiency of determination the effectual execution and adaptability of the organisation. Knowledge direction is basically a procedure of advancing invention, induction of thoughts, exhaustively exploited wealth of cognition in the organisation, and is a procedure of sharing, developing and maintaining electors manner to supply continuity in clip, right topographic point and right individual for the intent of doing speedy determinations make discovery advancement. Knowledge direction is going a planetary tendency. The place of this nascent sector administration has been confirmed by the success of many universes taking Group in the application. Based on the cognition direction doctrine, values and religious affair, merely net incomes and market value of companies utilizing the corporate universe has made admirable.
Why cognition direction? In my sentiment, cognition is going more of import than of all time. the information detonation has reached its extremum. From the single demands, the increasing demand for the exchange, sharing and invention in many countries has led to the demand for cognition direction. An person or an organisation that will be underdeveloped when they do n’t have cognition. And one time the figure of cognition is excessively big and complex aggregation of cognition will go hard if non cognize how to administrate a strict and sensible. Therefore, cognition direction has bit by bit become an indispensable method in the direction of all activities of persons and organisations
The importance of cognition direction in the organisation and how efficaciously implement cognition direction can make competitory advantage.
In my thought, cognition direction is a model within which the organisation control and look into all its procedures and schemes as cognition direction processes. In this position, all concern direction processes affect creativeness, popularity, invention, being and application of cognition direction toward organisational.
Knowledge direction contribute to better decision-making establishments. In this twenty-four hours and age, information is no longer the sole belongings and usage that ability to turn information into cognition into new merchandises as factors to the success of the concern. Business chances are ever merely one. Organization determination fastest and most accurate will be the victor. But in the determination devising procedure, most organisations have a job the deficiency of information, deficiency of installations and lack the cognition to do determinations. But with knowledge direction all these obstructions will be removed.
So knowledge direction is a procedure, an effectual direction tool to portion, gaining control, storage, choice, creativeness and cognition to supply the right individual, right topographic point, right clip to better Results determinations, effectual execution and adaptability of the organisation.
A?a»?c nga»? am
Implement cognition direction processes in the workplace
Knowledge begins with an apprehension of concern operations, and each point of the operation of the organisation. An organisation operates inefficient because they do non hold the integrity of cognition and the concern scheme. So knowledge direction must be combined with an apprehension of concern procedures
A?a»?c nga»? am
In my sentiment, to successfully implement cognition direction is to cognize how to utilize appropriate cognition and pull off it efficaciously. Because cognition is merely utile when it is placed in proper context and used for proper intents
Stairss for implementing an effectual cognition direction plan or pattern are:
1. Identifying cognition – Organizations need to capture and understand the beginning of cognition, should be carefully stored, to be able to easy utilize and portion as needed
2. Forming Knowledge – Once cognition has been identified. it is indispensable that organisations need to place any necessary cognition, cognition that is non necessary to steer direction activities for the organisation. Organizations need to understand the difference between tacit and expressed cognition.
3. Transforming Knowledge – Cognition to transform the organisation is ever easier to make up one’s mind and construct but the new scheme. Knowledge demand to be received, applied and shared efficaciously.
4. Measuring cognition benefits – Success is the best consequence for each procedure of cognition direction. The measuring procedure and effectual execution will be made through the organisation ‘s gross. So the control for each procedure of cognition direction should be closely and efficaciously
Therefore, knowledge direction plan can even be implemented if the organisations understand the intent of investing and acquisition chances where possible.
Knowledge direction life rhythm
Knowledge direction is basically a procedure of advancing invention, induction of thoughts, exhaustively exploited wealth of cognition in the organisation, and is a procedure of sharing, developing and maintaining electors manner to supply continuity in clip, right topographic point and right individual for the intent of doing speedy determinations make discovery advancement.
There are many attacks and different definitions depending on position and methods of the person or entity. These include a direction and acquisition of persons and organisations, communicating, engineering and information systems, unreal intelligence, rational belongings, … No one definition or attack integrity of cognition direction at all, but can incorporate the all-encompassing. direction including human cognition, the ways and procedures, operations, engineering and a wider environment to advance the format, creativeness, communicating or sharing, and usage of personal cognition forces every bit good as cognition of the organisation. It is about the direction processes to make, administer and utilize cognition to accomplish organisational ends. It requires a combination of concern consciousness, attitude and originative patterns, systems, policies and processs designed to emancipate the power of information and thoughts.
The tools can furthers be classified into cognition creative activity, cognition incretion, cognition sharing and cognition use.
The assorted stairss are described here:
Knowledge Creation – Knowledge creative activity consists of two types: explicit cognition and tacit cognition. Tacit cognition is knowledge that a individual can be an unconscious ego. Tacit cognition can non explicate or reason, because silent cognition is non understood clearly, it is familiar, through automatic and witting wearer. For illustration: assurance, experience and sensitiveness in their work… And explicit cognition is the account and cognition are encoded by text, paperss, sound, picture and images through words or linguistic communication are non words, regulation systems, plans computing machine, criterion or other agencies. These cognition constructions can be showed out and easy transportation. For illustration, knowledge about specialisations is presented in text editions, books, newspapers, magazines…
Knowledge Storage – In successful organisations, cognition has ever been considered as the most valuable plus. Therefore, cognition has ever been stored and closely managed in the archive. Decisions related to knowledge made by the organization.NgheA?a»?c nga»? am
Knowledge Sharing – Knowledge direction is a method to make an organisation with the personal moral force, a construction uninterrupted larning system with high adaptability. Get the better of the restrictions of traditional manners of administration, knowledge direction helps an person in the organisation invariably larning, doing the lazy employees into originative people knowledge continually. Based on shared standards and rating of cognition part, knowledge direction creates inducements to make cultural sharing among member organisations, advancing the survey factors and organisational acquisition throughout life of the concern.
Knowledge Utilization – This is concluding end of cognition pattern. Knowledge will bit by bit lose its value if it is non used with its possible and its intended intent. The more cognition is created as cognition is applied and utilized.
In the cognition economic system, occupation creative activity, transmittal, storage, development and usage of cognition is the dominant activity of all economic activities, scientific discipline and engineering are productive forces straight. Theories of human administration are bit by bit replaced by cognition direction theory. The pattern of cognition direction is done will assist to concerns and the economic system flourished.
Knowledge which is non natural, it requires the creative activity and sharing. Therefore, organisations need to clearly specify the elements of cognition to pull off efficaciously. In peculiar, the factors to be concerned that people, procedures and engineering. Human cognition creative activity and usage of cognition to work create value. Thus, organisations need to make an environment in which new cognition creative activity, shared accomplishments, promote good thoughts and creativeness of employees, promote employees demonstrate cognition hidden. Assigned the duties of the members of the unit will assist the organisation ‘s capacity to appreciate each individual ; there are specific policies for each group to pull off labour. Constantly external preparation and internal preparation for employees to raise the makings and accomplishments of workers.