The intent of this essay is to give a historical sum-up of America’s new expression as an urban state in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. This essay will give an history of how immigrants came to the America in hunt of a new manner of life. but had to cover with overcrowding in the metropoliss and life in slum vicinities. It will besides analyze how new categories of people developed due to the urbanisation of America.
America’s New Look as an Urban State
In the late 19th century and the early 20th century. America had become place to immigrants of all nationalities that had come to the United States in hunt of a better manner of life and some had come to get away persecution in their native lands. As more immigrants came into the U. S. and moved into the larger metropoliss. overcrowding became an issue. The bulk of the people populating in the metropolis besides worked in the metropolis. Unlike 50 old ages prior to this new urban state. when most people worked on their ain land and didn’t have to travel outside their ain place for income.
This new state of immigrants found work in the new industries that had formed in the U. S. in the bigger metropoliss. Not merely did the immigrants come to the metropoliss for work. some husbandmans in the U. S. moved their households to the bigger metropoliss to acquire work because it was a quicker manner to do money. The big industrial workss were located in the center of the metropolis and the cheapest and easiest manner for the people to acquire to work was to walk. It was easy for them to merely populate in the vicinity where they worked. This is one of the grounds why the metropoliss became so overpopulated and how the U. S. became an urban state. Urbanism. by definition. is the manner of life of metropolis inhabitants. City inhabitants are precisely what these immigrants had become. They lived and worked in the metropoliss non because they needfully wanted to. but because they had no other pick. It was as if they were trapped in the metropolis because the rewards they were paid were non plenty to acquire them out of the metropolis. but merely plenty to set nutrient on the tabular array and sometimes it wasn’t plenty for that. ( ( World Wide Web. American Heritage Dictionary. com )
Problems of Urban Growth
New York City had become the largest metropolis in the U. S. to home the bulk of the immigrants. The population had grown enormously in New York. in fact the population had doubled every twelvemonth from 1800-1880. When the population in the metropolis began to turn progressively fast. there became a job with lodging. Most of the lodging that was in the metropolis was owned by the same people that owned the workss were the immigrants worked. These lodging units were sometimes old warehouses. individual household places and vacant edifices that were turned into tenement lodging. Tenement lodging was narrow. low rise flat edifices that were all excessively frequently cramped. ill lit. lacked indoor plumbing and proper airing.
By 1900. some 2. 3 million people were populating in tenement lodging. which was a full two- tierces of New York City’s population. ( World Wide Web. the historychannel. com ) . Tenement lodging had little suites that were rat infested and was normally insecure. They were non kept up by the proprietors because there were no Torahs in topographic point to do them make so. The chief intent of the tenement houses was to do money and the proprietors did every bit small as possible to do the environment safe for the renters. Jacob Riis. a former intelligence paper newsman for the New York Tribune. began to take images of the tenements in New York City. He wanted to demo the people how others were populating in the tenement houses. In his book. How the Other Half Lives. he stated how 12 grownups slept in a room 13 foot across and the child decease rate in tenement lodging was 1 in 10. The facts that Riis wrote approximately stunned many Americans. which led to tenement reform. ( World Wide Web. boisestate. edu ) . Distinct Classs
Growth in the metropolis had become a job non merely for the immigrants. but for the upper category people that lived inside the nucleus of the metropolis every bit good. The upper category citizen decided to travel out of the metropolis and when this happened this was the beginning of the division of society and the formation of suburbs. Suburbs were smaller communities adjacent or within transposing distance of the metropolis. These distinguishable vicinities divided the categories and the races. The upper category citizens had the money to transpose back and Forth to the metropolis. they could pay to utilize the electric streetcar and the electric street autos. Whereas. the people that lived inside the metropolis and lived in the tenement houses couldn’t afford to pay for transit. much less. a house in one of the suburbs. The upper category citizens led a different life style and had a different set of values than those who lived within the metropolis. They looked at the metropolis as a topographic point for amusement and used their money for such things. The working category within the metropolis lived from manus to oral cavity and did non hold the luxury on passing money on things that would non lend to their endurance. ( www. history. notes. cyberspace ) . City Life of Urban Americans
Life for the Urban Americans was non an easy life. It came with many adversities and the bunco and hustle of mundane life within the slums of metropolis. They had to cover with the overcrowding in the metropolis and the continued growing. They dreamed of the twenty-four hours when they enough money and the clip when they could go forth the metropolis and bask a twenty-four hours off. Although they lived in the tenement houses and the life conditions were atrocious. they were thankful they had a roof over their caputs. As for the in-between category. the metropolis offered many comfortss the suburbs didn’t offer. The metropolis was a topographic point to shop. dine and research the humanistic disciplines. Although they moved from the nucleus of the metropolis it was still topographic point they enjoyed. Decision
The urbanisation of America came with good and bad consequences. It came at a cost for those who had to populate in the tenement houses and the adversities that came along with life in the metropolis. but it was a foundation for industry in U. S. and gave many immigrants a topographic point to name place and opportunity to get down life afresh free from the persecution they would hold suffered in their ain states. The urbanisation of America was cardinal in doing America what it is today. .
American Heritage Dictionary. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. American Heritage Dictionay. com Huff. D. ( n. d. ) . Jacob Riis: Reformer and Photographer. Retrieved from boiseestate: hypertext transfer protocol ; // World Wide Web. boisestate. edu James A. Hennrietta. D. B. ( 2010 ) . America. A Concise Story. Boston. Massachusetts: Bedford/St. Martins. Tenements. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved from The History Channel. com: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. thehistorychannel. com Urbanization of America. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved from AP History Notes: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. historynotes. cyberspace