Historical General Assembly 1956

Topic B: The Hungarian Uprising


Greece has a long history of building a peaceful state for
hundred years since its formed, from Greek revolution, Battles of Greece at
1940 until Greek civil war. These conflicts have experienced us to overcome
similar issues until now like Hungary nowadays. This kind of event that our
family, specifically Hungary, suffers is also a kind of revolution. The
conflicts of Hungary arose in October 1956, has led into an uprising by its
civilians. The rebellion had success in deposing the government, however
Hungarians threatened by the prospect of the deployment of troops from the
Soviet Union, which had previously asserted its right to intervene in other
nations within its communist sphere of influence. Greece believes that the
current “De Facto” government has the real authority since it has truly birth
the real democracy for its people to reign their own land. This resulted an
estimated 2,500 Hungarians died and 200,000 more fled as refugees. Greece
strongly opposes any act of violating humanity and recommends addressing the
potential refugee problem as thousands of Hungarians that lost their homes
because fleeing violence or a crackdown on domestic dissent. Greece knows that
Hungarian’s people who became a victim is an important reason why we have to
withdrawal troops immediately. Furthermore, practical implementation of
concrete policy actions rather than empty statements to address the issue.


Greece, who joined NATO in 1952, also had an opportunity to
join the discussion about this issues. NATO analysts pointed out that the
Soviet leaders continue their unremitting efforts to promote the ascendancy of
the Communist world and to weaken its opponents. In February 1956, The NATO
experts gathered from the speeches at the Twentieth Congress of the Communist
Party of the Soviet Union that the Soviet standpoint regarding the West
remained practically unchanged. The aims the Soviets still wanted to achieve
were the dissolution of NATO and the European Union, the withdrawal of NATO
forces from their bases in Europe, and the prevention of West Germany’s
effective participation in the Western alliance. In October 27, the North
Atlantic Council take a place in Hungary to intensive discussion. From many
countries had joined, The Greek and the Italian Permanent Representatives
suggested issuing a communiqué, so that the world would know that NATO was considering
the Hungarian question. A communiqué would immediately be used by the Soviets
for justifying their intervention in Hungary. The Council accepted this
argument. Before Hungarian Revolution happened in 1956, Besides,
Greece has been contributing to United Nations High Commissioner of Refugees
(UNHCR) on giving hands for resettling refugees which led to Nobel Peace Prize
for its’ efforts two years ago. In conclusion, the UNHCR needs to take further
actions for helping 200.000 refugees caused by the conflict.


We suggest conducting an open discussion for the Government
of Hungary and its citizens, especially community leaders or public figures
which represents the nation to create the best solution for their country.
Moreover, the destruction in Hungary caused by these conflicts influenced their
economics and diplomatic aspects. Thus, we recommend an ad-hoc UN body creation
that called Hungarian Emergency Council (HEC). The Hungarian Emergency Council
will be divided into two chambers, the first one is the Diplomatic Chamber whom
we designed to rebuild the Diplomatic Affairs for both conflicting countries.
The Diplomatic Affairs will conduct a monthly regular meeting. These meetings
can be the place to share thoughts, ideas and even create bilateral cooperation.
And the second, we have the Economics Chamber that will be focusing on the
stabilization of the Hungary’s Economics, by lending them a hand and a support
through concrete economical actions such as the One Week Building Program or
can be shortened as (Owe Build). The program will help by reconstructing the
wrecked city, Budapest, which on the other side is the capital city of Hungary. The
conflict also led into humanitarian crisis, disastrous event and the violation
of United Nations’ Charter. As we know, some uprisings always had people to
become victim, not just deaths but also the refugees’ issues. People that
become refugee in other countries tend to felt suicide and discriminated with
different societies. Thus, after having counseling in UNHCR, there would be
socialization in new societies to avoid discrimination.

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