Herodotus is the father of history and became the first historian to use his critical intuitions in his references while also recording real life events that he has heard. Though his writing has been hailed for its persuasiveness and cunningness, his trustworthiness is questioned throughout in ancient and modern time. After writing his journeys of “History” is travels in Greece, he publicly told to the people of Athens his expeditions for which they rewarded him for his works.
He has also been really cautious of organizing his tales and anecdotes in a manner that matches serious ones from less important ones. But Herodotus was more than just a typical history recorder, he was unique. Not only did he spend more time investing in questioning people, but wanted to lean about other peoples’ cultures. He wanted to uncover the truth by getting both sides of a certain event. When writing The Histories, he wanted to verify the authenticity of both sides of the war of the Greece and Persia, which includes the events that come before it.
As said before, Herodotus was very keen in organizing the stories in a certain war. The first four books that we read was to cover the background up to the conflicts. They went in depth with Persia and talked about the history of the kings and their conquests. Whenever the Persian Kings and Warriors went, he went as well. This gives his writing some credibility because it traces back to the conflicts of the past times, while going through the descriptions of the people from the countries that he had visited.
Herodotus’s reason behind the purpose of writing history is to become a storyteller who lays out the interesting part of war by displaying it as a tale, while not going away from the true facts. A prime example how he backs up his “history” is the main man Croesus. Croesus was intriguing to Herodotus because he is a stranger, and eventually became a historical figure that he felt compelled to tell his story. The story started with Croesus’ lineage and how the Greeks viewed the prophecy with high regard. It started with the Oracle of Delphi when they warned Gyges about the disaster that will fall in the fifth generation.
Though this might have not been true, it might have been added later to make the story more interesting. This gives a sense that the Oracle’s impact on the Greek culture and have the readers of the novel anticipate for the disaster. Herodotus’ loves using the narrative by showing the cause and effect. He informed the readers of Gyges’ claiming the throne from Candules.
He goes on and saying the effect of this is the eventual fall of Croesus, letting us know that he was doomed to be demolished from the beginning. To Herodotus, anything that he collects from the conversations and interactions with other cultures account for history. Because he wants to understand and uncover the truth, he goes the extra mile by listening to two different sides of a situation. The conclusion of the story of Croesus was not only to become a record of events, but become a jump starter for Herodotus to show the truth and amuse his Greek audiences.
Herodotus illustrates that history is not always true because his story draws the attention of many history seekers, but still tricks people into believing his crazy tales.