I.IntroductionChild sexual abuse or child molestation occurs when a child is unexpectedly involved in sexual activity with older people. (Rowan, 2006). A large number of  Vietnamese people regard that children who are sexually abused must be through a sexual contact. In fact, not only touching gestures but non-touching behaviours such as showing them depraved photos, giving them aphrodisiac drugs or capturing photos on sensitive parts of their body are also considered child molestation (Rowan, 2006). Unfortunately, there has been an alarming increase in the number of sexually abused victims recently in Vietnam. “Between 2014 and 2016, more than 4,100 cases of sexual violence against children were reported” (Child sexual abuse on the rise in Vietnam, 2017), from Vietnamnews, one of the most Vietnamese reliable online magazines. Therefore, it is high time we joined hands together to protect our young generations. In the scope of this research, possible factors, negative impacts and feasible solutions related to this situation would be discussed thoroughly.2.Discussion2.1 Main causes of child sexual abuse.There are various reasons that could be found in most of sexual abuse incidents in Vietnam. First of all, children often receive inadequate care from parents. It is approximately estimated that parents use up 7.5 in 24 hours dealing with a bunch of work and hectic schedules while they only spend 47 minutes per week being with their beloved children (Daily mail reporter, 2011). Especially, in some poor villages in Vietnam, parents whose youngster is molested are usually industrious workers with a hope to earn enough for living and have no choice but leave their son or daughter at home alone (Child sexual abuse on the rise in Vietnam, 2017). Meanwhile, in urban areas, some families encounter generation gaps. Therefore, family members hardly discover similar features from others or sit down together for frequent talk and share. In addition, there is a common misunderstanding among Vietnamese adults that victims are only females with the percentage of 90% people asked in a VTV24’s survey (Thuc trang au dam o Vietnam, 2016). In fact,it is recorded that 1 in 6 boys is prone to be abused just in the average of 9 (Lew, 2004).Secondly, lack in general awareness about this situation appears to be a great chance for “bluebeards” to get access to children. Most of kids are less aware of possibly abusing risks coming from people who are close to them. In their naïve world, their neighbor, uncle, brother or even father can never do anything to harm them. (Rowan, 2006)Sadly, they can. In order to fulfil sexual desire, those cold-blooded evils would betray the victim’s belief and turn him or her into a slave serving for their sexual purposes. Mr  Nguyen, deputy director of the criminal police unit under the Ministry of Public Security claimed that “Most child sex offenders have close relationship with their victims such as teachers, relatives, or neighbors” (VOA, 2017).Thirdly, the issue would be more serious due to silence from victims’family. Vietnamese belief and opinions are told to be influenced by some Asian countries such as China, Thailand and Korea. Moreover, sex is regarded as sensitive or even impolite issue to refer. As a result, parents whose victim tend to be really scared that their little kid’s future would end up in rumors and disparage. Rather than reporting the crime, they often move to another place and pray their youngster could soon suffer from that nightmare (Thu Van, 2017).2.2 Consequences of child sexual abuse.According to the article “Effects of Child Sexual Abuse on Victims” (2011) from National Center for Victims of Crime, sexually abuse victims, especially kids may suffer from severe both short-term and long-term effects. It also pointed out some obvious consequences such as uncontrollable performance, poor sleeping quality, and atrocious academic achievement at school. Significantly, this kind of  child maltreatment leads to a number of  unavoidable issues. Regarding psychological aspects, abused children are more likely to be more vulnerable, depressed and lower self-esteem (Croft, 2016). Some might cope with depressive disorder for a long period. Daugherty believes that some appear to have distorted perspective on sex and marriage ( Why Me? Help for Victims of Child Sexual Abuse (Even if they are adults now), 2006). Meanwhile, others could not overcome obsession, leading to a dreadful decision – suicide (Daugherty, 2006).  Turning to another point, an increase in child abuse could put a heavy strain on medical expenses. National surveys recorded that 40 in 1000 abortion cases in Vietnam are due to molestation annually (Nguyen, Shiu &Farber, 2016).In the USA, the government spend  $220 million per day for this issue (Estimated Annual Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect, 2012). In comparison to a wealthy nation like the USA which could partly bring the whole scene of how huge financial budget, Vietnam, a developing country has to face bigger obstacles to this situation. In fact, there have been a significant number of Vietnamese victims receiving physical and mental treatment at public hospitals (Nguyen, Shiu & Farber, 2016). As their pains are really massive, the therapy has become more complicated and costlier than ever. Besides, Lowy argues “Although only 2% to 10% of abused children become infected, childhood syphilis, gonorrhea, condylomata acuminata, and chlamydia trachomatis must always be considered” (Sexually transmitted diseases in children, 1992). In Vietnam, the number of  infected kids tends to be lower. However, the risks of  spreading those diseases through unprotected sexual contacts are possible (Rowan, 2006).2.3 Solutions to child sexual abuseWhen it comes to possible approaches for this issue, many changes are proposed. Initially, gender education should be taught at schools in order that young students could be provided with sufficient information and effective methods to protect themselves from child sex offenders. However, it is not considered as a core subject in most Vietnamese schools. As a parent, Ms Hoa agreed with the importance of sex education but suspected its positive results due to inappropriate curriculum (Thu Ha, 2017). Meanwhile, Mr Hogberg, the Embassy of Sweden in Hanoi stated in his own hand book that “We adults are used to talking to children about norms, values, rights and wrongs. We are usually good at explaining that it is wrong to fight, take other people’s things and say bad words. We explain how to be a good friend, and we talk about conflict and the dangers of the Internet. But there are topics that many of us grown-ups find difficult to talk with children about – such as relationships, the body’s private parts and what you can and cannot do with the bodies of others.” (Respect! My body, 2017). Consequently, it is believed that much more effort needs to be put into developing the quality of sex lessons for children.Secondly, it is governmental responsibility introduce tricter law and carry out effective investigation to give abusers heavy punishment. According to Vietnamese law system, unwanted sexual contacts happen between men and women while the other is forced to follow. As a results, those sexual offenders who abuse innocent boys usually take advantage of phrases “between men and women”  to receive a lighter sentence. Recently, a Canadian men has been accused of abusing young boys in Hanoi. Surprisingly, he used to have a record of previous convictions and offences and then be deported from his motherland (VTV24 reporter, 2017). It still leaves a big question why Vietnam accepted his immigrating application. In 2014, after many victims claimed that they were sexually harassed by Minh Beo, a famous actor in Viet Nam, the People’s procuracy of Vietnam still remained silent. Not only when he abused an American boy did he paid for his crime. Despite many reports from vitctim’s family, Cao Manh Hung’s case was delayed in litigation for months. Obviously, it is authorities’irresponsibility that makes those evils become more ruthless.Thirdly, the whole community ought to have more positive attitudes towards victims. For example, rather than be supported to report the crime, a young girl in Thach That, Hanoi was blamed for having ruined the village’s reputation. ( VTV24 reporter, 2017). We are now living in the 21st century. Hence, some short-sighted views should be eliminated. It is clear that abused victims have no faults. Instead, they deserve to be helped and encouraged to reveal those bluebeards’ mask.Finally, parental contribution to solve this problem is the most valuable. Parents are suggested to spend much more time for kids and try to become their reliable friend. Two generations living under one roof should have frequent talks. In addition, family base should be built on mutual trust. Communication among family members is more important than anything else (Rowan, 2006). III.ConclusionThe analysis above has shown many aspects of child sexual abuse in Vietnam through some facts, statistics and main reasons. Child molestation may leave permanent scars in its victims’ soul. Thus, people are encouraged to make a contribution to reduce as many abusing incidents as possible. The writer believes that there would be no place for child abuse if the community is aware of this issue. It is time people broke the silence to protect our young generations from evil hands of pedophiles. “Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter” (Martin Luther King, Jr )

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