IEDs had been a predominant weapon in
Iraq War , Afghanistan War .Due to certain reasons such as low cost , high
effectiveness it still remains the first choice of many terrorist groups.·       IEDs can incorporate either military or
commercial sourced explosives.

·       They explode at high speed releasing
sharpnel.

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·       They are usually made with harmful
substances such as-nuts which can in actuality lead to a devastating injury or
may be death.

·      

If the person making the IED is not
well experienced it might just no detonate or can detonate on the placer or may
be maker.·     Power supply·     Switch

·     Detonator

·     Main charge

ContainerHow these components
work? 

A power supply provides electricity to the switch.

 

 

          The switch
activates the detonator.

 

 

 

The detonator explodes providing  energy to the main charge.

 

 

                    
Main charge explodes.

 

                                                                     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Types of IED:

 

IEDs can basically be divided into 3 categories:

 

1.Package type IED: They are also known as concealed
mortar/Artillery projectiles.

Characteristic feature of such IEDs:

·       Propelled from overpasses.

·       Main target vehicles.

·       Target can be unimproved roads too.

Placed within a pothole. Vehicle borne IEDs: Such type of IEDs use vehicle as the
main body or container.   Some
characteristic feature:

·      
Comes
in all shape and size can vary from small sedan to large cargo trucks.

·      
The
larger the vehicle the greater explosion it will be.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                 

3. Suicide bomb:

 Characteristic feature :

·      
Also known as “person borne”
bomb.

·      
Such explosives may be
incorporated in belt, clothing or vest.

·      
The person carrying such
bomb are known as ” suicide bombers”

 

 

 

 

 

However
there are some bomb detection techniques that can be used as prevention:

1)

 

 

 

2)        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

4)                 

 

 

 

 

 

5)

 

 

   

 

 

 

Safety
measure for common people:

                                            
DO’s :

·      
Inform
the police on seeing any suspicious object

·      
Move
away from the suspicious object in a quiet manner

·      
Follow
instructions of guide in case of threat

·      
Carry
your own personal belongings during evacuation

·      
Help
ladies, old and children

·      
When
a vehicle is parked, close all windows and lock the doors

·      
Inspect
vehicles for any suspicious object before moving out of garage

·      
Switch
off all electrical mains, gas lines etc

                                 Don’t’s

·       Touch or handle any suspicious object

·       Pick up attractive items lying at odd places

·       Open or cut any suspicious object

·       Panic but remain cool

·       Obstruct the passage of security/bomb squad

 

 

 

                                         Case
study

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In
2003 , a series of bombasts were observed in Mumbai (then Bombay) leading to 54
death and 244 injuries. The blast took place at Zaveri Bazaar. However, the ody
investigating the case followed up the following plan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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