Through the past decennary, people have become more and more witting that the competitory border of an administration lies in human factors. Indeed, it can be seen that the environments of the 21st century bend out to be extremely competitory where administration demand to give a important sum of clip, attending and energy to pull off human resources. The houses besides need extremely effectual forces and HRM sections. This is largely required by the cordial reception operators which must possess quality human resources because above all, they are in the people concern and the degree of service they deliver to their client depend extremely on the people they have. It is hence indispensable that people who are engaged in Hospitality Industry must hold equal cognition, accomplishments and qualities so that the houses can win and turn non merely within national boundaries but besides in the international sphere. Based on this background that Human Resource Management finds its increasing importance and the aid it can supply to cordial reception operators by pulling, preparation, actuating good people. In fact, all administrations should follow Human Resource Management in order to execute efficaciously.
When we think of the Hospitality Industry, we normally think of hotels and eating houses. But the term has a much broader significance. Harmonizing to the Oxford English Dictionary, cordial reception means “ the response and amusement of invitees, visitants or aliens with liberalness and good will. ” The word cordial reception is derived from hospice, a mediaeval ‘house of remainder ‘ for travelers and pilgrims. A hospice was besides an early signifier of what we now call a nursing place and the word is clearly related infirmary. The term “ the cordial reception industry ” refers to companies, organisations and concerns which have as their nucleus concern the proviso of nutrient, drink, leisure, concern installations and adjustment to people off from their places. The cordial reception professions are among the oldest of the humane professions and they involve doing a invitee, client or resident welcome and comfy. The constituent sectors in the cordial reception industry are Hotels & A ; motels, Guest houses, Restaurants, coffeehouse & A ; bite bars, Night-clubs and Public houses.
1.2 Importance of HRM in Hospitality Industry
The importance of HRM in the cordial reception industry can non be denied. There are two facts highlight this importance. The first fact is that the cordial reception industry is a people concern which is customer-driven and quality-focused. As a affair consequence, the human component plays a major portion in the overall success of any organisation, but particularly so in a service industry such as the hotel concern. Many members of the work force ( servers, waitresses and receptionists ) are in direct contact with the invitees and are seen as been involved in accomplishing the aims of the hotel. The quality of service offered is dependent non merely upon the accomplishments but besides upon the attitudes of the staff. The latter are portion of the finished merchandise for which the client is paying. Customer satisfaction is likely to be affected as much by the criterion of nutrient and drink, adjustment or other installations of the hotel as by the courtesy, helpfulness and personal qualities of the staff. Therefore both the accomplishments and the attitudes of the workers are indispensable if the demands of the client are to be met satisfactorily. This places peculiar importance on human resource direction.
1.3 Problem Statement
The hotel industry is one of the major pillars of Mauritanian economic system hence great attending must be paid to the cordial reception industry. An administration like La Plantation Hotel needs to be invariably in line with alterations due to the competitory environment. Therefore, there must be a uninterrupted reviewing of the HRM patterns in order to accomplish success and keep a corporate growing. This survey arise from the demand to analyze to what extent the HRM patterns are efficaciously practiced at La Plantation Hotel and how they can be enhanced to derive better consequences. HRM patterns are the indispensable elements in which attending must be focused as these patterns have a direct impact on the human resource of the Hotel and people are really of import in order to derive competitory advantage and success. This survey examines the 5 chief HRM patterns and how they are being performed in the Hotel. The five patterns are human resource planning, enlisting and choice, preparation and development, public presentation direction and effectual communicating. It is by and large accepted that success is deemed to come from the manner the human resources are being managed and trained in the administration, for human resources are amongst the most important component for Service Company in the hotel industry.
1.4 Main Objective of the survey
The chief aim of this survey is to place, explore and measure the effectivity of the present HRM patterns at La Plantation hotel and supply recommendations where necessary in order to accomplish success.
Sub Objective of the Study
The sub aims of this undertaking are as follows:
To analyse the effectivity of HRP in the hotel
To place how Recruitment and Selection is carried out in the hotel
To place the effectivity of Training and Development at La Plantation Hotel
To measure how public presentation direction is performed in the hotel and its effectivity
To measure the importance of effectual communicating
To find whether the organisation is giving proper consideration to its forces.
1.6 Chapter Overview
Chapter 1 is the debut of the undertaking. It starts by an overview of Human Resource Management. Then it moves on by a definition of Hospitality Industry, how HRM is of import in the cordial reception industry and the aim of the survey.
Chapter 2 is the Literature Review portion. It provides some definitions of HRM given by different writers and it talks about the five HRM patterns known as HRP, enlisting and choice, preparation and development, public presentation direction and effectual communicating. And it ends up with the Empirical Review.
Chapter 3 nowadayss La Plantation Hotel: the organizational background, the mission, vision and aim of the hotel. It besides reviews the present organizational construction and how the hotel carries out the five HRM patterns.
Chapter 4 trades with the Research Methodology. That is it identifies the assorted stairss that were followed in transporting out the study.
Chapter 5 comprise of analysis and determination. The findings are informations obtained from the questionnaires which have been filled by the employees. Therefore, based on the above analysis was made.
Chapter 6 is the recommendation and decision. In this portion attending is focused on some proposals and recommendations that could be implemented to better the working lives of the employees and eventually the chapter ends with a decision.