In modern life, it is assumed that getting a job is
not a big problem, while some argue seeking for a career can be a challenge. In
fact, according to General Statistics Office(GSO) of Vietnam in 2017, the
unemployment rate in Vietnam was estimated about 2.28%, approximately 1.1
billion of people (Cong, 2017). Even in the United States, the highest
unemployment rate found in New Mexico was 6.7% (Mei-Pochtler, 2016). This leads
to a question why people can not find a job when labor market is steeply widen.
To answer this question, it is firstly better to understand the definition of
unemployment. Amadeo (2017) stated: “Unemployment is defined by the Bureau of
Labor Statistics as people who do not have a job, have actively looked for work
in the past four week, and are currently available for work.” Unemployment not
only happens among those who have just graduated from universities but also in
cohort who are at the age of working which means sometimes they have short-term
jobs and then change to another one rapidly. After a long time trying every
types of works, they may loose their inspiration and become unemployed. With
the aim to clarify this problem, this research will discuss in details causes,
effects and solutions of unemployment.

Discussion of findings

2.1. Causes of unemployment

The behavior of people when they are at work is one of
the factors leading to unemployment. A person who do not take responsibility to
what is assigned, often late for work or has personal argument with colleges or
manager tends to be out of work (Redmond, n.d). 
For instance, they may make up some reasons to sophisticate for their regular
absence. Moreover, employers, in some cases, think that they can elevate their
positions at office or have promotion by trying to eliminate their co-workers.
Not only attitudes but also skills play vital role in deciding whether people
can be accepted or not. Mike (2018) believed that rarely a person who is
skillful can not find a job. In fact, if people are not flexible, they are not
able to do any works though they may have some chances to do it because of the
high requirement of the business(Victor, 2016).

Another cause making citizens unemployed is poor
governmental plan. Some governments are self-interested that they do not
consider to supply adequate living standards for inhabitants. People do not
receive any help from government such as subsidies or job opportunities and
even any encouragement to start working. In addition, governments do nothing to
reduce unemployment rate but go on using public fund for private purpose. This
can be called “corruption”, which resulted in 68% of people in Liberia were
unemployed in 2008 (Mike, 2018).

Last but not least, being out of work can be resulted
from overpopulation. Workers all over the world are at risk of being without
work due to the rise in number of people. It may be difficult for them to get a
job when they have many competitors. For example, someone may loose
opportunities to take over a vacancy in a company for others want to apply for
it and job vacancies are limited, of course. It is inevitable that the unemployment
rate will increase if there are more workers than the labor market requires
(Victor, 2016).

Effects of unemployment

Unemployment causes the great impact on society
(Nguyen, 2013). As reported by Aaltonen, Macdonald, Martikainen and Kivivuori (2013),
unemployment rate has close relationship with the increase in levels of crime
and they explained that this is “because unemployment persons lack the social
bonds that provide them with a stake in conforming law-abiding behaviors.”
Robbery was considered as another criminal activeness. Unemployed people do
that since they have no income (Mike, 2018). This circumstance can seriously
destroy the ethic practice and even threaten to health. People’s mental health
may be affected by being out of work. To be specific, they can get
psychological stress when and may do harm to themselves or even people around
them (Reneflot, Evensen, 2012).

According to Reddy (n.d), people have to depend on
their personal earnings and advantages when they are sacked from work,
contributing to lower the living-standard. Their situation become worse and
worse, forcing them not to use much from source of savings for their living. As
a consequence, the economic can also be affected, Victor (2016) called it
“economic stress”. He proved that economy is unable to develop due to the
unaffordable financial obligations of people. Economy of a country can not
develop means that it is depressing, which results in the decrease in domestic
income and lack of investment, inflation begins to exist.

Solutions of unemployment

The initial necessary resolution is of the government.
Firstly, it is vital for them to remain the policy of the country stable. This
action can enhance the status of labor market which effects directly on their
citizens, creates strong belief that they are prone to escape from unemployment
and poverty. Secondly, educational standards need to be improved. As long as people
are educated and trained properly, their qualifications can be put to higher
levels and getting a good job may be easier. Finally, another duty of
government is to control the growth of population (Reddy, n.d). All things
demonstrated is likely to recover the economic condition, enabling government
to provide enough jobs for their citizens (Riley, n.d).

Being unemployed or not also depends on individuals.
Employers are supposed to try their best to perform effectively at work. An
important thing suggested is that right from the interviews, it is essential
for people to make good impression on the interviewers to persuade them by
great efforts and interest about what they want to do. If workers can not get a
job find it hard to manage themselves, they need to be positive and active to
broaden their circle of friends. Having several relationships can help them to
overcome the hindrance that they are facing and they may get opportunities to
be employed by an organization. Unemployment is liable to be tackled provided
that unemployed people are creative. They can mobilize capital to establish
their own businesses. Although it is difficult to be successful, people will find
out their potential abilities, improve their skills and accumulate more
experiences (Reddy, n.d; CareerBuilder Vietnam, 2012).


Above all, it is obvious that unemployment is a huge worldwide
problem (Mike, 2018) which is caused from both thegovernment and individuals.
If no action can be taken to solve this issue, there will be a number of
negative consequences that deteriorates the situation of society and economy. People
all over the world should be optimistic to handle the impacts by cooperating
with government to reduce the unemployment rate to better their life and
accelerate the development of the country, make it more prosperous.


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