Inmy end of study project,I aim to analyze a chapter from a travel narrative bookwhich is called”Morocco and the moors”.The book was written in the nineteenthcentury by “Arthur Leared” and published in eighteen sixty seven.The aim of thewriter is to describe morocco and its people,and narrate his experience in thiscountry.Many travel accounts were written in the nineteen ceuntry about Moroccoand the orient in general.
Their purpose was to explore and inform the world about traditions and cultures of thesecountries . However there was a different objective behind those travelaccounts.AsNajahMahmi said”Travel explorations have played a major role in theEuropean colonial entreprise , providing information and appropriatingnon-european geographies through discourses of difference and binaryoppositions”1 Context Morocco has been ruled by the Alaouitedynasty since the 19thcentury.On one hand,The 19thC wasone of the hardest periods in Morocco’s history.At that specific century,thecountry suffered different economicalcrises and military pressures from Europe.
Those troubles made the country veryweak,and were considered as a proof,that morocco needs help and protection fromEurope;which was an indirect way to colonize the country.In the latter part of19th century morocco’s instability resulted in European countriesintervening to protect investements and todemand economic concessions 2.Asa result Morocco was made a French protectorate in 1912 but regainedindependence in 19563. Onthe other hand,in the 19th century Morocco started to be open up toEurope,as it was a weird and an unknown place for the the rest of the world . Asprofessor Mohammed laamiri said: “The 19thcentury saw an upsurge of travel texts on morocco as this area started toopened up ,under the European expansion ,to Europeans visitors for differentpurposes “4TangierThe chapter that I intended towork on is about Tangier.At thattime this city was regarded as one of the mostsignificant cities in Morocco.This importance comes from the fact that tangieris very to Europe and it was the the first town seen by any European traveller.Thesignificance of tangier was stressed by Laamiri ;he said that;”Tangier was seennot only as a town but as a whole continent.the crossing of the straitsepitomizes a step toward theunknown”.5 Inaddition,travellers felt that they were taken to a totally different world .Ashenry field said ;”though it takes but three hours to come from Gibraltar totangier ,inthat brief passage one is transported to a new world .it is not onlythe difference in 6twoplaces,but the people themselves are different in figure ,in language,and ineverything.”The topic and purpose of myresearch As I mentioned before,I amgoing to analyze a passage from the first chapter of the book ,which revolvesaround Tangier.The passage is mainly about the architecture of the town.My goalis to analyze the way Arthurdescribes the town,and his impression about thearchitecture of morocco.Moreover,Iaim to get clearideas of how the Europeantraveller’s backgroundaffects his perception of a different country and howmorocco was represented by europeans.Finallythe reasonwhy I chose architecture is that,it reveals many ideas and information aboutMoroccan culture and the way people live in this country.Besidesthat, I decided to use to usesome references such as the Rethoric of empire byDavid spur,Travel writing by Carle Thoupson and theimageof Morocco in British travel writingby Laamiri Mohammed1Travelling moroccoin the 19th and 20th centuries,bynajah mahmi,p4 2 www.wikipedia.org3www.britannica.com,morocco4 The image of Morocco in Britishtravel writings , by Mohammmedlaamiri ,p 55 The image of Morocco inBritish travel writings ,by laamiri , p56Field henry, the barbary coast,p26