In this
report I will be talking about the features in two selected engineering
environments – Babcock Marine and City College Plymouth. This will include the
different aspects of work through both environments and the different health
and safety techniques followed to ensure these tasks are followed safely. This
will also include the consequences that can occur if the right health and safety
implications aren’t followed and carried out in the correct and legitimate way.
The report will be written to cover this aspects:

·        
 Health and safety requirements in different
engineering settings.

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·        
 Roles and responsibilities in different
engineering settings.

·        
 Consequences of not following the rules for
the company and yourself.

·        
 Do the rules get followed?

 

As said in the introduction, this report will be written
across Babcock Marine and City College Plymouth. One regulation that applies
through both learning and working centres is the Health and Safety at work act
1974 (HASAWA). This makes sure that everyone is safe throughout the work day in
both locations. It includes rules such as:

·        
Respecting, operating and maintaining equipment – Under
the act you are required to operate and maintain the working environment and
systems and be respectful when using them. This is so the machinery can be used
effectively and safely by other employees around you. This legislation is a
high expectation as all machinery is bought for use of workers and is not to be
messed around and tampered with.

·        
Maintaining of exits and entrances to the workplace – Everyone
is expected to keep the workplace a safe and easy place to escape from at the
event of disaster. This can include fires, nuclear fall down or natural. It is
expected that you keep all walk ways and exits unblocked and not locked. This
is to provide an easy and safe escape for all employees.

·        
Training and experience should be done and maintained
– It is important to keep all staff well trained. If there is an area where the
employee does not have the necessary skill then they should be taken off the
activity and issued the correct training needed to keep the safety of the
worker. A person with the skill should be put on to the area that needs work.

·        
 Watching out
for yourself and others – Every employee has a duty of looking out for
themselves and others in the working situation. This is so less accident can
occur and show a bad representation on the company. Examples of this are
insuring people are not on their phones whilst using dangerous equipment.

HASAWA is the main body of the health and safety system. It
includes all health and safety aspects throughout all areas in any work place
(not just engineering). HASAWA is expected to be followed by every single
worker to provide and a safe and respectful workplace. All employees have the
duty to look out for themselves and others and respect and use any equipment
safely and responsibly.  There is also a
variety of other legislations that need to be put in place, including:

·        
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations
1999 – this outlines the procedures that then employers need to follow to keep
their employees safe and in a safe working environment.

·        
Workplace Regulations 1992 – The regulations is to
ensure that the workplace is clean and a safe environment to be working at. It
also includes the tools and equipment located in the workplace and that they
stay in a safe and respectful condition. All tools and equipment is to be kept
well-kept and in a working order. If any tools break or are in a bad condition,
then the tool should be replaced soon enough. The workplace has to be kept in
full working order and a clean and safe environment for every worker to be in.

·        
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 – This
covers the safety of yourself and makes sure that you not injure yourself, this
could be back strain and neck strain. This includes the way that you are
supposed to lift any objects and ensures that you complete it the right way.

·        
Personal Protection at Work Regulation 1992 – This
involves the personal protection of yourself. The correct PPE should be issued
by the employer to ensure injury is less likely to occur during work. All
faults in PPE should be reported instantly and new PPE should be issued.

·        
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 –
This ensures that all risk assessments are produced and all risks are
implemented. It is the responsibility for all employees to keep themselves
safe. This also includes that employees should not use machines if untrained
and should seek the training.

 

 

 

·        
Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment)
Regulations 1992 – This informs that PDs are well kept and not damaged. It
consists of visual and physical checks over. It also consists on problems for
your own health, such as: back and eye strain.

·        
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 – This regulation
requires all electrical products and machinery to be PAT tested every 12
months. Inspection are also a requirement before and after use. The inspections
have 3 processes:  Visual, Earth
Continuity and Isolation. The legislation ensures that the checks are done
thoroughly.

·        
Reporting of injuries, Diseases and Dangerous
Occurrences Regulations 2013 – This requires you to report any incidents that
happen in the workplace to ensure that the problem can be avoided in future and
to show what needs to be fixed or upgraded to avoid injury.

·        
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 – This
requires all substances to be stored safely. If any substances touch skin it is
essential to wash them off to avoid any skin problems, such as dermatitis.
COSHH training has to be issued to every individual person upon entry to the
work team.

Some requirements that are necessary to complete and follow (included
in HASAWA) in college include wearing the necessary and adequate PPE and
completing a POWSA (Place of Work Safety Assessment). This is to make sure that
the students are safe when working. Wearing PPE keeps skin, eyes, ears and feet
safe through your working day. Overalls are an item to be worn, this is to stop
any unwanted chemicals from gaining access to the skin and causing any diseases
or skin problems. Goggles are also necessary to stop pieces of shrapnel gaining
access to the eyes. On entry to the workshops, students are expected to
complete a Place of Work Safety Assessment. This is to ensure that the
workplace is up to high standard and is a safe place to work. The rooms
provided are expected to be left in a reasonable state after use. All tools and
equipment are also expected to be used and stored careful inside the working
space. They are not to be taken out without authorisation. All machinery is
expected to be used, cleaned and maintained to a safe and high standard.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    For Babcock Marine, the same
rules apply. Employees are expected to follow the rules and regulations just as
closely. PPE should be worn around the dockyard, providing you are working in
the engineering and building sector of the Babcock workforce. In college,
health and safety at heights is not necessary as it is not a feature used
through the working day for students, however working in the dockyard is a
prime example of working at heights, E.G. Working at the top of a crane or
ship. However, all machinery regulations that are used in college are also
adequate in the dockyard, but in college, supervision is required as it is
still a leaning curb for students.  When in
office there are also high expectations and health and safety rules to be followed.
In office computers and other portable devices are usually used. They should be
checked over before use and maintained to a high standard. It is also required
that you still look out for each over, even if it is in a safer environment. Internal and external inspections from the HSE can occur
at any time. This can result in negative impacts. This is why all health and
safety rules should be followed at all times, not only for your own safety but
also so you can keep your job. It is our place to report any incidents to the
HSE. Ourselves as workers have a duty of care to look after all of our fellow
employees and/if they carry on doing the action we should report it.

Employees under the Health and Safety at work act, whether in
college or the dockyard, are expected to follow a safe scheme of work’ and
follow Babcock Marines quote: “Home Safe Everyday”.

Across both work places the employer is expected to provide
all necessary equipment needed and to make sure all employees are safe. They
are expected to follow all terms, such as RIDDOR, and make sure all employees
are safe from any problems. If any accidents do
occur we should let the right authority know, this being:

·        
HSE representative

·        
Local staff in the area

On top of this we should also right any
accidents down in the accident book, whether it is a minor cut or broken leg.
This is because if something serious does happen due to this injury you can
claim off the record. If nothing is written down there is no physical proof. Management
is required to ensure that all employees have the necessary skills for the jobs
given, constructive training plans and guidance books. All people entering the
work place, such as subcontractors, suppliers and customers, are also expected
to follow each and every rule just as thoroughly as any employee. Training can include in external or internal training.
This could be being sent off somewhere to learn the skill needed or learning it
off a fellow peer in the workplace.

The Health and safety executive is expected to keep everyone
in line and following each legislation thoroughly. They are in charge of ensuring
all risk assessments are up to date and completed. They are required to keep
the work place safe as whole. When a task that you
are unfamiliar with is being undergone by you a manager should always watch
over t ensure the safety of yourself. It is there duty of care to make sure
that you are doing everything correctly on your first time after training.

If the Health and Safety legislations in the dockyard are not
followed it can cause problems for yourself and the company. Depending on who
picks you up on the act determines the consequence. A Babcock employee or
college supervisor may take the worker aside and express not doing the wrong
doing again. However, if a certified Health and safety representative picks up
on it first the consequences will most likely be higher. The risk of your job
may appear, depending on the rule broken. If the rule is broken one of the most
important legislations, then there may be a risk of financial consequences (up
to £20000) and/or imprisonment. Fines can come out of any court cases and can
lead to loss of company popularity and cause a negative impact on the
reputation of the institution as a whole due to negative publicity. This could
also lead to loss of staff and pay cuts as a remedy to support financial loss
and court costs. The loss of staff could also affect the working speed and
morale of other team members There could also be a high risk on the company as
the necessary training and warning haven’t been issued out, this could cause
the company damage and they could face large fines, loss of jobs or temporary
closure.                                                                            
                                                                                  There
are different reasons for personal and business problems, these problems are
picked up by a variety of people. These people being:

·        
H & E representatives – General (personal) health and
safety

·        
Inspectors – Check over the workplace for any problems
and faults

·        
Local authority – Gas and electrical

Legally you are allowed to remove any authority from the area
if they are not permitted to be in the area at the time, however this may cause
consequential suspicion. This can lead to unexpected, but allowed, spot checks
of the workplace and can lead to a suspension of the business or permanent shutdown
or loss of the rights to the business and/or exponential fines given by the
crown court.     

To keep the company up and running fine, the workers and the
business should follow all legislations put in place by health and safety.
These rules are followed closely in the workplace as long as people know them
and can be reminded. Health and Safety representatives can pull people up on risky
health and safety situations. You also have every right to pull people up on it
yourself. However, this should not have to be the case as all people should be
following all guidelines put in place.

In college, all health and safety legislations are followed
closely as the tutors have a responsibility (Duty
of Care) to keep their students safe and in a controlled environment.
However, Things still go wrong when rules are not followed closely enough, but
there is always a way to avoid an unfortunate circumstance. In the dockyard,
every rule has to be followed as close as possible because if the rules are not
followed there is a high risk of injury and a risk of losing your job. Some
people still do not consider this account and carry on acting dangerously,
however these people are caught out in the dockyard, as there are dozens of
H representatives. In an office environment, the rules are followed but
not as closely as in the workshop atmosphere. Before use of computers, they
should be checked over. However, this is not done every time before use.

One health and safety risk that is currently
undergoing and causing outrage between the dockyard and the community is the
local risk of the retired submarines held up in the dockyard. There are a
variety of health and safety risks that could come out of this if Babcock do
not look after the submarines in a safe and considerable way. These submarines
still have nuclear rods in and cannot be disposed until they reach Scotland.
This could cause massive damage if these are not handled with care. Another
health and safety risk is that these submarines have been stored at Devonport
for roughly 30 years now and upon entry by a member of staff, the submarine may
be deemed to be unsafe and therefore cause injury.

Although Babcock are more than likely looking
after these submarines in a safe and controlled way, if they are not maintained
and stored safely they may face serious charges. This may result in negative
business action.

Although there is no way of moving the
submarines up to Scotland as there most likely isn’t space, Babcock and the
dockyard are getting negative impacts from the community already as people are
not happy as they believe it is an unsafe place to be.

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