In the past when
the places were ruled by a king there were no such things as normal people
power. Kings had all the power and made their own rule that was fit for them,
going against them was considered a great felony, normal people were powerless
and helpless, so some likeminded people came together to form a group that
would over throw the monarchy and established their own government which had
all the power of the state. This kind of power was firstly seen in America as
they revolted against The Great Britain for their independence on July 4th
1776. A simple definition of a political party is a group of people who have
similar ideology who come together to make their state a better place for every
one by gaining all power of that particular state. Similarly, Nepal was a
monarchy state from the time of the unification of Nepal. Only recently Nepal
got its independence on May 28th 2008. Nepal simply did not get its
independent people fought for a long time and Nepali Congress Party played a
very vital role in this movement.

Nepali congress party which is known as
Congress in Nepal. Nepali Congress Party is one of the biggest and oldest party
in Nepal. Congress party was established in 1946 in Calcutta India as the
founder of this party Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala was sent to exile from Nepal.
Nepali Congress Party formed by merging two political parties Nepali National
Congress and Nepali Democratic Congress. Its main objective at the time were to
establish democratic system with a constitutional monarchy and to make
political awareness to the people to overthrow the century old Rana reign. Nepal
was united by the King Prithivi Narayan Shah, but in 1846 everything changed.

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In 1846 a local head of the certain part
of Nepal Mahtpar Singh Thapa was killed trying to gain power, during this time
his nephew Jung Bahadur Kurwar rose in power from inside the palace. Because of
this blind rising power Jung Bhadaur organized a most brutal massacre known in
the history of Nepal which is also known as Kodh parwa(i.e. Kodh festival) in
which he slaughtered all the members of royal family and usurped the state
power. Rajendra shah who was about to be a king knew about this massacre and
did not attain it.  “In 1846, Jung
Bahadur Rana carried out a bloody coup, stripped the Shahs of political power
and established a hereditary all-powerful Rana regime. While other independent
countries in the world were going through a scientific technological and
industrial revolution, the Nepali society remained isolated and feudalism
continued as the order of the time.”( the
massacre Jung bahadur Kuwar changed his name to Jung Bahadur Rana and started
Rana reign .In the next day of massacre Jung Bahadur Rana swore a vow towards
English residence to be loyal. He made the king Rajendra shah the titular head
and opened a position as prime minister for himself and which could be
inherited by his family members. Jung Bahadur Rana was one the charismatic and most
powerful prime minister of Nepal. Because of this there was a conflict between
Kings and Ranas which ended after 104 years of despotic rule by Ranas when the
revolution in 1951 occurred.

To overthrow the Rana reign two major
party helped they were Prachanda Gorkha and Nepali Praja Parishad the first
party Prachanda chakara was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s chakra movement. The
head of this party was a social reformer Tulsi Mehar who launched chakra
movement which main objective was to create employment and educate people and
develop labor skill for the people of the Kathmandu valley by using local
product to produce cotton clothes in home. Second was Nepali Praja Parishad
which ran under the leadership of Tanka Prasad Acharya whose main goal was to
purpose democracy in Nepal it was supported by King Tribhuwan. Rana knew about
this and sentenced the four leaders of Nepali Praja Parishad for death and even
the King Tribhuwan was found guilty. Rana could not dethrone King Tribhuwan
because of political risks. As this was going in Nepal, two other parties with
different ideology was formed in India first one being Nepali congress Party
and another was the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN).

After the Second World War India was about
to be independent from British Colonial which send a lot of information to
Nepalese people first was that with the end of British rule in India Rana lost
their political support from British, also the transition of India from colony
to democracy inspired Nepali people to establish Nepali political parties and
help those parties to establish democracy in Nepal. These developments in
Nepali people to form democracy helped Nepali Congress to launch a movement
against Rana with the help of communist Party of Nepal and King Tribhuwan. “The
Nepali Congress announced that the ?ght was for the establishment of “full democracy”
in Nepal coupled with political and economic justice, constitutional monarchy,
land reform, and land distribution”(page 36 ,S. Bhandari). This movement known
as Jana Andolan 1(which directly translates to mass movement 1) of 1951 ended
the autocratic rule of Ranas. In December of 1950 India set up an agreement
between King Tribhuwan, Nepali Congress Party and Ranas and Ranas accepted the
proposal on January 1951.Nepali Congress Party ended the movement. After the
end of Rana regin King Tribhuwan arrived in Kathmandu from New Delhi and made a
“proclamation with a commitment that “the people be ruled by a democratic
constitution framed by a constituent assembly elected by the people” (page 36,
Bhandari).This was supposed to mark the end of an autocratic era and begging of
democratic era in political history of Nepal. Though the Rana regin ended but
the monarchy never left Nepal .We had to go a long way to see democracy in
Nepal to be more specific it took six decades to abolish monarchy from Nepal.

In 1956 Nepali congress Party adopted
democratic Socialism and its main ideology. This ideology simply means that
business and investor have private finance but the government provides free
education, health service, food, housing communication and transportation for
those who do not benefit from monopoly capitalism Nepali Congress Party also
want to establish society based on the value of pluralism so that there would
not be the cast system that we had ad still followed in some parts of Nepal. This
party strictly believes in plural Democracy with liberal values. This party
wants to have strong state role in social sector, reduce poverty, protection of
environment and build infrastructure. This party wants to provide free health
service, education, communication and all the basic needs to the people who do
not benefit from the private companies.

There are more than 33 political parties
in Nepal and they have their own ideology. One of the famous party in Nepal is
Communist Party of Nepal (UML).The main ideology of UML is based on the
communist ideology written by Karl Marx, Mao Zedong and Vladimir Lenin that
describes that from the early time when we were in wild hunting animals to
survive we adopted the primitive communism .Communism states that everyone
should be equal, there is no such thing as rich and poor. The definition of
rich and poor should not have any meaning the dictionary of communism. These
two parties have very different ideology. (NCP) Nepali Congress Party represents
the middle class and upper middle class, some city laborers and looks after the
low class people who cannot not afford food, health and education whereas the
(UML) Communist Party of Nepal represents the poor people and wants to make
everyone have same life style. After the abolishment of monarchy on May 28th
2008 these two parties collided many times but in the end majority of people
voted for Nepali Congress Party and NPC was victorious against Communist Party
of Nepal.

Nepali Congress Party has been accused
many times from their opponent party that they mainly represent capitalists and
some royal family members. Nepali Congress Party follows democracy but there
are times when the party leaders are accused that they were not working
according to democratic values. Even the youth of this party reported that
Nepali Congress party did not work according to democratic values in there
every day activities. This party played a major role to abolish monarchy and
since then it has been in power several times and in those time some of its
most charismatic leaders were subjected for corruption scandals. There was some
news that some of the influential leaders of this party even sold some portion
of Nepali land to India for some money and to gain some power in Nepal as we
know that India plays a major role in electing government because of the treaty
that was signed by King Tribhuwan when Nepali Congress Party started mass
movement against Ranas. Many people believe the conspiracy theory that Nepali
Congress Party with the help of Indiana government killed the King Birendra and
their family members in June 1st 2001, just to get the power and
over throw the monarchy in May 28th 2008. There have been some
rumors that in recent election we are having, our prime minister Sher Bahahdur
Deuba allowed the corrupted convicts to run for the election. Many believe in
recent days this party has done no praiseworthy job but rather their action has
made the image of Nepal worst in nation wise.

As a supporter of Nepali Congress Party
and a person who has work with them in rural areas, I do not believe all the
accusation made towards this party. I don’t believe that this party represents
the rich and royal family members because they were formed to establish
democracy in Nepal and even if they represented the upper class people there
was no chance that they would win any election and get the state power, an
accusation made the opponent party might be some smart tactics to make then lose
an election and have more number of people vote against Nepali Congress Party.
As we studied earlier not every time media tells the truth sometimes it can be
made up just make the viewers interest in the following topic and increase the
number of viewers. The news about charismatic leaders subjected for corruption
may be a hoax to make more people read the story, and writing a controversial
things about an influential leader is always a good news and best way to
increase the viewers.  A conspiracy theory
is simply a belief that some influential party is responsible for certain
event. So if someone finds a small patterns in some random events they tend to
believe it blindly, but you if you study them properly then you can realize
that Nepali Congress Party came to Nepal with the help of the King and this was
the party which made a constitutional monarchy rather than throwing them
completely and establish a democratic government altogether. Things like not
working according to democratic values in there every day activities might be
true because sometimes working to democratic inside the office might cause a
problem let us suppose that the a young person is elected in an office to make
decision who has less experience, he/she might look at a problem straightly a
give an answer but sometimes getting an answer is not enough you have to decide
whether the answers satisfies everyone and does not have any negative impact on
a certain group of people .

on the rumor may differ from people to people. Some might believe it some may

            My grandfather was one of the
representative of Nepali Congress Party and was elected as a mayor of his
district. At the time when Nepali people were threatened by communist rebels
who wanted to end all the democratic parties by any means possible. In those
times when communist rebels would go on a rampage killing who supported values
of democracy and who identified as a member of Democratic Party my grandfather
would go on educating people about the democracy and democratic socialism. He
was never scared of those rebels and would always say that to have a change you
have to start with you, then your family and after that your community and
never be scared if you are doing a good thing for people. He donated heavily
for the people living in his community who did not get any crops because
drought, who lost their house and properties in the landslide, who could not
celebrate their festival. People in his community respected him and always came
to his house if they had any problem or any event they wanted to organize. Five
years back we had a major landslide that occurred in dang (which is part of
Nepal) during that period of time he donated a part of his land to the people
who lost their homes. He was the savior of the people living there because of
this he nick name was baje (which directly translates to grandfather).

            Nepal is home to almost 30 million
people and with more than 33 parties. People have their own opinion towards all
the parties in Nepal. Some may prefer Nepali Congress other may prefer
Communist Party of Nepal and may even prefer National Democratic Party of
Nepal. Most of the people in Nepal are fed up with monarchy and we don’t want
be a communist country. Right now all we want to be is democratic country where
we have right for free public speech. In early days we had cast system and
untouchability was a main issue but now we want to get rid of these system and
we want a country where everyone is treated equally which any discrimination,
only one party can fulfil these needs of ours and that is Nepali Congress Party
as they have been fighting for more than 71 to establish a pluralism in this
country, they failed many times because it is very hard to have a major change
is a small period of time. Right now this is our only hope to establish a full
democratic Socialism country which practices pluralism.

the present Nepali Congress Party to the old Congress party is really a hard
decisions because they had to face different problems in past then the problem
that they face in this present time. In the past it’s faced a problems like how
to establish a political party in a nation where people had autocratic power
and even they were able to throw it, another problem they faced was to rise in
a nation where it was still ruled by a monarchy. The problem they face in
present day is to be in top of the list among the 33 parties and win an
election by majority vote, they have to compete with 33 parties. The present
day Nepali Congress Party is comparatively bad then the past NCP, right now we
have a bad party leaders, they believe that the foundation that was laid by the
past NCP will help them win the election easily even if they do nothing for the
better of the country. The current prime minister Sher Bhadur Deuba who is the
representor of NCP has had a lot of issues with his behavior that he showed in
the media. For example once he was interviewed by our local new station where
he was asked that “from past sixty years in Britain only people who have
studied in a reputed Universities, person who speaks for the youth and knows
problem which are related towards youth but in Nepal there are no such people
who are elected, who represent youths why is that?” (????????? ???? ?????????|
Saja sawal) After hearing this question our prime minister got furious and told
him that that is was an unnecessary question and started arguing with the man
who asked him this question. There are a lot of people saying that the election
was rigged and he does not deserve to be a prime minister.

            Overall Nepal has gone through a lot
of political changes in more than 200 years first we were a monarchy state then
we became an autocrat state which was ruled by Ranas, ending of Rana reign made
our nation have a constitutional monarchy  and again in 2008 were over threw monarchy and
became a democratic country. Because of this volatile government Nepal is
having a lot of problems related to development and basic infrastructure, Nepal
is still developing and who knows how long it will take for Nepal to be a
developed nation. We elected our first government and thought that they would
help us achieve a better living standard to all the Nepalese but the problem we
got was a corrupted government. We hope that the political parties learn the
importance of normal people and their opinions because we can dissolve any
government we want if they do not function according to public.


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