In what
way was the hatred intense and impersonal?

The hatred was intense and impersonal because it was
not directed at any one person in
particular, but was instead directed
at unknown people who represented the group
the person hated. Hitler and his Nazi
party were anti-Jewish and, so they targeted all Jewish people rather than
anyone specific person.

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In what
way was the hatred based on prejudice and power?

Feelings of prejudice can often lead to discriminatory
actions. In this case, the anti-Jewish climate in pre-war Vienna,
Germany’s defeat in the First World War and Hitler’s belief that some races
were superior and others inferior, may have lead to his discriminatory actions.
Adolf Hitler, had power of authority over his
intended victims.  Many historians point to Hitler’s years in Vienna
as having shaped his anti-Semitism. The city’s social climate was openly anti-Semitic.
With an outspoken anti-Jewish mayor and many anti-Jewish newspapers and
magazines there was no restriction on antisemitism, and Hitler was strongly
influenced by this. The defeat of Germany in the First World War also had a
significant impact on Hitler’s world view and political beliefs. Hitler was a
soldier and like many other German soldiers found it hard to accept the defeat
of the German Empire. Many nationalists and conservatives believed that Germany
had lost the war due to betrayal from within. Socialists, communists and
particularly Jews were blamed.  

In what
way was the hatred directed at scapegoats for other frustrations?

Psychologists suggest that frustration and difficulties
of life may be found at the center of intense hatred toward out-groups. People singled out for these hostilities are known as scapegoats.
These scapegoats are usually easily identifiable minority groups that people in
power can lay blame and act out their aggressions on. Hitler blamed the Jews for failures of his own life and
for the problems of Germany. Hitler and his Nazi party made use of anti-Jewish
feelings that had existed for centuries in the German population. Many believed
Germany had lost the First World War because of the Jews. They also believed
democracy was a Jewish invention. According to the Nazis, the Jews were engaged
in a conspiracy for world domination and it was them who controlled society and
made Germans suffer. Many German Catholics believed that it was the Jews who
had killed Christ as they would hear this in Church and read about it in school
books. Many people were already suspicious of Jews before the Nazis came to
power. Adolf Hitler and his supporters believed that things would be much
better for Germany if the Jews could be kicked out of the country.

 

 

Could
this crime have evolved into genocide? Explain.

Genocide
is an expression of national hatred. The greatest extremes of hatred directed
against minority scapegoats are those that have been carried out by order as
national policy. The Holocaust is the worst case of racial cultural genocide
the world has known in terms of the number of lives lost. Adolf
Hitler’s Nazi Germany, aided by its supporters, systematically murdered some
six million European Jews, or around two-thirds of the Jewish population of
Europe, during World War II.

Describe
the childhood of the criminal(s) in as much detail as possible if possible. To
what extent might childhood events have influenced adult actions?

Adolf
Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. He
was the fourth of the six children born to the couple and was only 3 years old
when the family moved from Austria to Germany. He was a very bright child and
was popular at school, however he often clashed with his father over his
interest in fine arts. This led to Hitler’s detachment from his family and he
became a reclusive, discontented, resentful child, with an unstable temperament
towards his father. He was deeply attached to his loving, caring, hard-working
mother. Sadly, she lost her battle against cancer in December 1908, having a shocking
blow to Hitler’s already upset life. It is believed that young Hitler showed an
early interest in German nationalism, condemning the authority of
Austro-Hungary. Throughout his early life, he was influenced by
many of the history forces, the most apparent of which were new ideas and group
identities.  The most influential period of his life was when he lived in
Vienna, where he was susceptible to the anti-Semitism that consumed the city at
the time.  He began to discriminate against all Jews and grouped them all
together as an inferior race.  

Describe
the circumstances or events happening in the life of the criminal(s) involved,
and the situation in which the hate crime was committed?

After World War I, Hitler had returned to Munich
and continued to work for the German military as an intelligence officer. His
work included monitoring the activities of the German Workers’ Party, from where
he adopted many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist and anti-Marxist ideas of
party founder Anton Drexler. With millions unemployed, the Great Depression in
Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were now hesitant
to the parliamentary republic and increasingly open to extremist options. In
1932, Hitler ran against 84-year-old Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency.
Hitler came in second in both rounds of the election. The results established
Hitler as a powerful force in German politics. Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to
appoint Hitler as chancellor to promote political balance. Having achieved full
control over the legislative and executive branches of government, Hitler and
his political allies embarked on a systematic defeat of the remaining political
opposition. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into
disbanding. On July 14, 1933, Hitler’s Nazi Party was declared the only legal
political party in Germany.

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