Introduction

Virtual reality is a type of digital reality, this
is a way to create environment designed for human interaction, and this is of
course different than our real world. Virtual reality gives us a way to create
any environment for simulated interaction. Anything we create like classroom,
machine and anything for any purpose.

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Research has shown that, for learning physical
motion, repeating a task reinforces learning Virtual reality an improves
persons senses, as a platform for mediated learning, provides instructions on-
demand, allowing students to repeat difficult complex and real motions whenever
instruction is needed and as often as is needed away from the social pressures
of a classroom setting.

Learning adapts to the user’s schedule, goals, and
speed. Previous research has shown the affordance of on-demand learning
provides an advantage over face-to-face human interaction. While some virtual
systems have proven successful for learning, most VR systems lack the ability
to capture the user’s full range of motion, limiting their ability to fully
immerse the user in the virtual setting. In contrast, fully immersive virtual
reality allows for full mobility by capturing human motion and reproducing the
same motion in the virtual representation.

We decided to approach the virtual reality theme;
we will show the amount of areas this technology can influence and the various
things that we do with it. We chose this because we want to raise awareness
that Virtual Reality is a technology that will have a huge influence in our
future lives, the current mindset of most people is to believe that VR is only
used for games but in reality, it has reached a point where it’s helping in
many fields of work such has medicine, architecture, helping the disabled and
many others.

There are many sectors adopting virtual reality
for their improvement and success. Doctors using it for practice surgery
operation and it is more cheaper than practicing on real surgery and less risk
factor. In education , the biggest change has been google expeditions, there
are thousands of lesson plan for kids. Kids are able to go on trip virtually
like on surface of moon. Corporate world using it for employee training because
employee can be trained with virtual machine how to operate and it will be a
very cost effective. Air force and army also using virtual reality for military
operation and flight training. it is also reduce risk for getting injured and
physical harm.

Technology always been a game changer in human
life but it has also some down size. If we talk about virtual reality than
defiantly it has a big impact on human life and many study has prove that it is
really giving positive result in places and these technology growing very fast
to benefit in many sector. but as we know that it has also some negative aspect
which we are going to talk later in these article

Problem
area:

There are too many points to cover in this
article. If we talk about virtual reality than there are many question arises
in mind. What type of virtual technology is available? How does it work? What
is there impact in our social life. because as we know every Technology has
some downsize as well and if this technology is beneficial for our society than
how.

In today world it is mainly know as to play game
and watch movies. So it is used for something else? If it is used for something
else than what are that different areas where it is being used. There are many
sectors adopting this technology than how this technology helping them.

In health sector this technology has also been
adopted than the big question arise that with virtual reality what medical department
does, with these virtual reality technology how doctors getting benefits and
how they are helping patient. The same question arise for other department like
defense, corporate world etc.

Virtual reality is also used to help disabled
challenged person than how it this technology helping disabled person. If we
talk about disabled person than there are variety of disability so question
arises does VR technology helping all kind of disabled person or only on some
specific case.

How virtual reality make contribution in corporate
world. In this changing world companies are becoming more profit oriented and
they are becoming more professional. So does virtual technology for corporate
world help somehow? In which way it will help in cost reduction because
corporate and business world more concern about budget and financial
issues. 

What is the main concern of VR technology in human
social life, does it make any difference in social contribution if people use
this technology. What is the long term harm and benefits in social environment?
Virtual shopping is also one of the major trends will be future. So in future
where we see this technology.

There are many areas to cover in virtual reality ,
with their benefits and harms. So in these article we are going focus all our
problems and question arises with this topic( VR Technology influence in our
life.)

 

 

 

VR in Medical

Virtual reality is being used in much different way. If we talk about what
is their contribution in medical field including doctors and patient than a
broad area comes up to discuss. There are many examples to prove that this
technology has become a major contributor in medical field.

This technology has been used to treat many patients in many ways and
helping doctors to perform their duties in more efficient way. It is used to
treat phobias, reduce pain and even help doctors to perform surgery.

Disable challenged person with virtual reality can do more thing which they
cannot do in real life and it is all comes in a affordable price, for instance
, with google cardboard headset and moile phone they can explore world and many
tour virtually which is not possible for him in real life. It might be possible
for us to not sound good in any way, because we experience different thing in
real like holiday trip. But for disable person who cannot move and walk even a
single step it is quite difficult for him to go for world tour. They can
experience tour or other adventure with virtual reality and it will be a good
satisfaction for them.

Let us give one example danny kurtzman is an individual with muscular
dystrophy. He is always a fond of surfing; he never gave up his dream because
of his disability. He managed somehow with 10 people to lies down in on surfing
board and taken them into water. Recently he experienced virtual reality for
same purpose for surfing. The company called ‘specular theory’ helped him to
experience surfing in virtual world. In real life he can surf with the help of
some people but in virtual world he can stand up on surfing board and feel the
excitement in differ way. It was a great experience for him. So in this way
virtual technology really helped him to make some experience which he cannot do
it in real life.

There are also several research and article proves that how VR Technology
making contribution in medical field. Psychiatrists at the University of
Louisville, taking help of VR technology to help phobia patient like flying and
claustrophobia. Phobia is type of mental situation where patient fear with
something like from height they do not board in plan or if they board in plan
somehow than they try to avoid to look outside from window because of phobia of
fear from height. With the help of Virtual Reality they can face the situation
virtually because phobia can be removed from mind only by facing situation in
real life.

PTSD(post traumatic stress
disorder) problem is being treated and using Virtual reality like phobia in
solider to get out of this situation. There are many scenario has been created
for solider to don’t go in depression or any type of shocks while having in
dangerous situation.

Pain management- doctors trying
to implement VR technology in pain management to distract patient mind. As
research has proved that our mind  is
only source  to feel pain. If mind
distract in something else than pain can be reduced easily. For burn victim in
which pain is a major issue, doctors using VR video game for burn victim to
distract their mind. A 2011 study showed that soldier with  burn injuries VR game worked better than morphine.

 

Desktop virtual reality is one of the most useful tools for physical
challenged person who cannot move without wheelchair. Person on wheelchair
navigate a virtual world like busy street, shopping Centre. They virtually
navigate and move and face challenges which they are going to face in real
world. They wear a HMD (Head Mounted Display) and practice with input device
like joystick and trackball.

The aim of
this technology is to make physical challenged person self-enabled and
self-confident to live their life easily. This technology teaches them basic
skills which they face in everyday life and to learn how to manage and face
challenges without any support. One of the major advantages is that it is very
cost effective. To train trained on powered wheelchair we need to hire well
trained staff. And it will be not safe to practice in real world, because it takes
more concentration and focus.

Now look at
this image below, a small child playing piano. The Japanese VR manufactures
company 

FOVEis trying to raise fund to distribute
VR Head set among the physical challenged children. This company has made a new
turn in technology. Eye play the piano
is one of the best work of Japanese VR headset manufacturer FOVE.Physical
challenged children can play piano using eye movement while wearing the
headset. Fove’s eye tracking technology recognize the eye movement of users.
The users blink on one of the many panels within the interface to trigger the
preferred note. This idea of using eye movement is not only for playing piano,
this will open new ideas to use eye movement to perform different task which
will be very helpful to others and specially for physical challenged people.

The four-year-old
company MindMaze got 100 million dollars investment to bring a Virtual reality
hardware in market. The founder and CEO of MindMaze explain how their
technology will help stroke victim who lost their hand control from brain they
cannot move hands. How these virtual worlds will help in healing process, and
how this will help in recovery. He explains and says that imagine like victim
lost control of his left hand but still move his right hand . After wearing
MindMaze goggles victim see a 3d image of her 
left hand or we can say a avatar ( a common word use in VR technology)
of his left hand  when he moves his right
hand than 3d images of his left hand also move the way he moves the right hand.
The process of repeating this action help victim or in another word this
repetition process trigger his brain area and says let’s regain the control of
this hand. In this way patient can easily get control over his left hand.

Autism is a
type of mental condition in which patient feels difficulties in communication
with other people. They face problem in social interaction and they are so
confused by the world around them. There is no proper medicine for this mental
situation and this cannot be recovered 100 percent. There are only some ways in
which doctors can help them like therapies and exercises and some medication.

Virtual Reality
technology has been added in medication and therapies process. It help patient
who are suffering from Autism to get some skills which is necessary for his
development. VR world can help them to learn before facing real world. There are
one more benefits that it can be achieved in safe environment. A team of
researchers from the university of Haifa,Isreal has developed this virtual
reality system. There are too many features has been evolved in this. In which
Autism patient can experience real life challenges to face like traffic lights
and cars. They can learn how to cross roads and handles this type of crowded
situation with too many people on street than how to walk and cross road in
proper way without any support. They can face these challenges and learn
without any dangers before experiencing in real life. There is one system
developed in US which main focus is to improve social attention in austistic
children. Patient wears VR headset  where
they can feel like they are in classroom. They see images or avatar who
delivers an individual presentation. Images start fading if viewers look away
or loss interest. The concept of this virtual reality is to just give them a
sense or practice to deal in real world.

Virtual
reality technology has also helped people who are facing particular vision
impairment such as stargardt’s disease ( a reduction in central detailed
verson). They can see world more Cleary with VR headset. Here is the link for
the video in which woman can see her grandchildren after long year.

 In medical filed if we talk about Virtual
reality than we also need to focus and cover the topic of how doctors getting influences
with VR technology. When doctors decide or plan surgery they basically really
on collecting data of series of 2D images to understand patient body parts.
They communicate with their college with this images and it become more
complicated when too many people involve in single surgery. The EchoPixel  has created a software which is totally 3D.
it helps doctors to understand, discuss with college and understand patient ‘s
anatomy and make plan for surgery with this 3d images. They can use a pointing
device. It is powered by Zspace technology and available from HP. They can us
it while doing surgery in Operation Theater. Here it is look like

  

 

For more
information about this software follow this link below:

Shafi Ahmed,
co –founder of virtual medics and medical realities, is now able to train many
doctors with the help of Virtual reality technology. Dr Ahmed in 2014 managed
to reach 14000 doctors all over the world in surgical training program with the
help of Google glasses. They streaming live session of surgical training. In
2016 Dr Ahmed streaming a cancer surgery in which he removed a cancer colon
tumor in virtual reality. That video was shot in 360-degree.his philosophy  is because of technology changing forget
about one to one training and go for one to many at a time. Dr Ahmed’s company
is working on project world’s first interactive VR training module for
surgeons.

Another
example which also prove that how VR technology changing life of doctors and
making ease his task. Doctors in china also used VR technology to do operation
and got help from doctors which was thousands of miles away.  Doctors did surgery of bone fracture in Bortala,
situated in Northwest of china. The chief doctor ye Zhewei  was available at same time in Wuhan nearly
2300 miles away from Bortala.he was capable to follow or give instruction in
Virtual reality headsets and marked on a 3D image instructions for his
colleagues to follow.

The patient
of that surgery explain the situation that all system of my body become 3D
images and was very for me to understand my conditions. Dr Ya states that it
saved a lot of money and time to fly from his place to main hospital where
operation was going to operate.

 

VR in Corporate Training

Virtual
reality has also been a big contribution in corporate world. specially in field
of corporate training and online learning. There is no doubt that real training
is more effective than theoretical training.it definitely gives better output
but as research always show that company spend a lot on employee training they
spend much time money and effort to make his employee perfect for his job.
Because of this reason some companies make agreement or type of bond that
employee will  not leave company in
certain period of time if they leave it that they will have to pay a certain
amount of money depends on agreement. Some time practical training too risky,
dangerous, and some time it become difficult to perform in firs time

The primary
reason for organization to choose VR to use is that it is more cost effective,
create virtual training zone and learn many thing and practice it virtually
without any risk factor.

Lets discuses
benefits of Virtual reality training:

Decreases
risk factor- the one of the major benefits of virtual reality is to decrease
risk factor. There are many industries like fire brigade, some metal
industries, oil factory and many mores where always pay attention on major
security because of high risk of accident. These industries focus too much of
employee training on regular basis. With the help of VR Technology it will be
easy for them to train their staff on safety majors.

Visual
approach- it is very useful for employee while training that if they face
challenges in real and learn. They learn from theoretical part but they need to
implement in real scenario for practice. With the help of VR Technology they
are able to perform real task by facing virtual challenges like real.

Making task
simple- with the help of visualize approach too many task can be simplified.
They can practice and repetition process while in training to get addicted for
that situation where they are going to perform in real.

Remote
access- virtual Reality is a creation of simulate world where really we don’t
need real classroom or dedicated place for training. This can be done remotely
and can save more money and time and last not least time.

Now we will
focus on some example where companies has already adopted VR technology and
started giving training to their employee and some are about to start.

 

Walmart –
the world largest retailer had paln by end of 2017 thry will use VR instruction
in 200 walmart academy centre all over the U.S. they trying to make VR training
is a integral part of Walmart employee. Walmart has developed many VR training
module like management training and customer service training. Employee can
learn through VR headset and they can face too many challenges like in busy
hour how they are going to fit himself in worst situation. This also include
the situation where checkout operator scan items and make bills, there will be
huddle like after scanning wrong item or doubled scanned same item than how
they will delete from the system and how they can help customer.

United Rental
is one of the biggest equipment rental company in north America. They provide
multiple solutions to the business including industrial and construction sites
equipment. Company run one week training program for their new employee. They
are now testing to VR technology to complete training in shorter time and in
more comfortable zone. In VR training scenario new staff will stand on
construction sites to look what part of equipment is missing then manager of those
sites comes near him and they have to offer his company deal and start selling
product on that scenario

Farmers insurance-  when Farmers claims officer entre a house to
investigate the damages of leaky sink they generally goes to kitchen , bent
over and open the cabinet and try to find out the problem. This is a normal job
for claims officer in daily life but Framers new staff not going in field area
first to learn this stuff. In Farmers first pilot training program they are
going to use Virtual Reality Headset and performing his duties at the office.

Farmers
insurance has invested $ 400,000 in software and hardware to support Virtual
Reality training for his new claims officer trainee staff. Roughly 50 new employees
has taken this training through VR

technology.  Through this way claims officer learn and
find he fault and place where damages happened and they evaluate how much
claims need to be granted. Jessica Decanio director of claims training
department says in traditional training program they have two stories building
where new claims inspector takes training, they usually create scenario to
damages building and train staff to investigate the fault and grant how much
cost to sanction for claims but after introducing VR training approach with the
help of VR Company Talespin now we
have a broad area to train our staff like six stories building and more than
500 fault scenario where staff investigate the matter and learn. In this way
new staff learns very fast and chance for mistake in real life become very less
because of one mistake or miscalculation of money grant for damages can cost
too much for company and it will be a big loss.

Jessica
explains further that staff satisfaction has also gone up. They are trying to
compare the skill and satisfaction label between tradition training and Virtual
Reality training. but she add more that til now what is got review for VR
training is positive and trainee staff is more satisfied than previous staff
member. Another benefits of VR training is that they are able to record all
training program and they can investigate later that what wrong action was
taken by trainee and easy for them to explain that scenario and even good for
trainee to learn from his previous mistake.

 

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