INTRODUCTION Women are oftenreferred to as the driving force of a country.
They have to embrace variousroles in society like that of a daughter, a wife, a mother and along with thatmanage their respective workplace roles. Earlier the circumstances differed sincewomen were looked down if desired to work but as per changing times, women aremoving out of their domestic sphere. Women have reached the pinnacle in everyfield thus proving Darwin’s theory incorrect which once stated that women arebiologically inferior to men. Unquestionably, the biological compositionsof men and women are different so when both are affected with similar healthissues, they endure it differently. Poor nutrition and low physical activityamong women of younger ages pose grave health risk which again leads tocardiovascular and other disorders at later ages. Particular attention isneeded when women go through their period of gestation which is a crucial timefor a woman since she sustains two lives at the same time. As per the frameworkof WHO, ‘Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and socialwell-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all mattersrelating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes.’ Inmost of the developing regions, intricacies of pregnancy and childbirth areamong the leading causes resulting into mortality and morbidity of women ofreproductive age.
Statistics from WHO stated that every day in 2015, about 830deaths among women occurred due to complications related to pregnancy andchildbirth. Majority of these concerns are preventable if efforts are made inorder to keep women informed regarding the dos and don’ts of/during pregnancywhich will enable the couple to be bestowed upon with a healthy infant. Amother’s immunity and prenatal care often decide the baby’s safety from variousinfections and disorders. Several things need to be kept in check viz.
bodyweight, blood pressure, glucose level, hemoglobin and so on. AboutDiabetes Globally, theprevalence of diabetes is increasing, especially the developing countriescontribute majorly. WHO defines diabetes as a chronic, metabolic diseasecharacterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leadsovertime to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys andnerves. Insulin is a hormone that allows the cells to absorb sugar from theblood which is needed to produce energy. Typesof DiabetesDiabetes can be classified into 3categories viz. (WebMD & WHO)1)Type 1 diabetesIn type 1 diabetes, the hormonecalled insulin is destroyed by the immune system of a body, which puts an endto the production of insulin from the body. As stated above insulin isnecessary for the body since it helps produce energy. 2)Type 2 diabetes In type 2 diabetes, the body isn’tcapable of manipulating the insulin in an appropriate manner creating insulinresistance.
Eventually pancreas forge less and less insulin thereby giving riseto insulin deficiency. 3)Gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes is diagnosedduring pregnancy in which the hormones secreted during the gestational periodseem to interfere with the functions of insulin. This condition increases therisk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. Symptoms(WHO)Symptoms are more or less similarfor all three types of diabetes wherein there is elevated level of thirst(polydipsia), frequent urination (polyuria), hunger (polyphagia), numbness inextremities, pain in feet (disesthesias), blurred vision, extreme nausea(ketoacidosis), unconsciousness, infections and blurred vision. Diagnosis(WHO)Diabetes can be diagnosed byperforming an abnormal blood test, Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) forgestational diabetes and presence of classic symptoms of hyperglycemia.Diabetic screening is suggested if the size of the baby is larger than usual incase of gestational diabetes.