Introduction The effects of Industrialization and Imperialism which started in the early 1600’s and ended in the late 1900’s, have caused one of the most substantial changes to all countries around the world. During these times, many countries had an increased in technology, health, urbanization, world trade, and in relation, the trade of the country being colonized. However, there were also negative effects for example, racism, genocide, slavery and which eventually led to World War I. Due to all these new possibilities, each country battled for who would have majority of the power.
Industrialization The definition of industrialization is the development of industries in a country or region on a wide scale. Industrialization to countries occurred mostly when imperialism struck, which includes: Japan, China, Latin America, Africa, South-East Asia, Muslim Countries, India, Canada, and Australia. Each of these countries or continents have experienced industrialization in many different ways. The industrial revolution had begun in Great Britain and then spread to the rest of the west. This revolution consisted of great advancements in technology which led to a boom in industry. With industrialization occurring in the cities there was a lot of urbanization and so the way people lived changed. The industrial revolution modernized the west in many ways.
For example, there was increase in trade, health, technology and agriculture (etc). Some countries were more successful than others, including Japan and Africa (Africa is not a country) versus China and Muslim countries. Imperialism Imperialism is an action that involves a country (usually an empire or a kingdom) extending its power by the acquisition of territories.
It may also include the exploitation of these territories, an action that is linked to colonialism. Colonialism is generally regarded as an expression of imperialism. Warfare and bloodshed was everywhere. Battles amongst colonizers and colonies became a constant. However horrible this concept sounds, it has done a lot to develop the world. It has its positive sides as well as the negative ones.
For instance, imperialism gave the imperialists a new market, a new labor force, a new supply of raw materials. In particular silk, iron, oil, precious metals and many more. This became cheap and easy to find raw materials and labor force was the main attraction for the industrialists to imperialize certain countries.Social:The efforts put in by Europe to colonize weak countries resulted in improvement of education and sanitation in the colonized countries.
Countries such as African regions were so desolate that they needed proper education facilities. Literacy rates came up. In major parts of the world, the education system being followed was set up by the imperialists themselves. A thriving example is India itself.
With moderations, it is definitely following the British system of Education. Africa specially gained a lot from Imperialism. Schools and hospitals were built.
Factories were set up increasing job opportunities. Unemployment was well taken care of during Imperialism. Also, with betterment of medical services, average life expectancy went up.Political: Africa had it mostly good (there was a lot of bad as well) when it came to imperialism, however that is not what happen to China. was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty over conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China. To counter this imbalance, the British East India Company began to auction opium grown in India to independent foreign traders in exchange for silver, and in doing so strengthened its trading influence in Asia.
The opium was transported to the Chinese coast where local middlemen made massive profits selling the drug inside China. The influx of narcotics reversed the Chinese trade surplus, drained the economy of silver, and increased the numbers of opium addicts inside the country, outcomes that worried Chinese officials. The British government, although not officially denying China’s right to control imports of the drug, objected to this unexpected seizure and dispatched a military force to China. In the ensuing conflict the Royal Navy used its naval and gunnery power to inflict a series of decisive defeats on the Chinese Empire, a tactic later referred to as gunboat diplomacy.Interactions:The western capitalists developed plantations and mines, but then needed the locals to put in the labor to work them. A new money and economy system replaced the old barter system, so to cover the expenses of governing the colonies, the capitalists gave locals heavy taxes to pay. People were beginning to suffer in the age of Imperialism because not everything benefited them.
The people had to become dependent on the industrial powers, not able to make money unless the capitalists bought their raw products in exchange for the man made goods that had been brought instead of using what they had locally grown. Crops or products were not made for local consumption but for exporting, which caused starvation to occur in lands that before, could feed themselves. New technology was produced as well as new ways of communication and transportation. Local leaders and business people benefited from the new economic system, developing industry and promoting the growth of their farms or other places of work. Western medicine brought them many benefits with vaccines and modern hygiene, but at the same time it broke down the foundation of healers and herbalists who had information on useful plants.
Imperialism spread Christian faith across the globe, in some areas they had better luck changing the religion. In other regions not so much, though the religion was adapted to the local’s traditions. In other places the conversion did not come or did not come easily because some religions already existed, firmly rooted into their traditions. Some locals refused to disrespect certain old traditions and still held onto them while still embracing the western way. In the end many non-western cultures created unique ways of blending old and new tradition, but always remained close to their original customs. Western culture changed as well, the Columbian Exchange began to pick up speed. Western capitalists took products from the regions they took control of. Ideas from other cultures were taken by painters and sculptors, or clothing makers.
The ideas were used to create new product styles of fashion or other things.Cultural:Natives had the most taken from The British. The mother nations were subjected to heavy taxation policies, draining them of their wealth. Natives had no role in the government. No power was left in the hands of the natives. They were puppets in the hands of colonizers. Cultural clashes were inevitable. It became a way of life for the natives.
Loss of culture and customs was another issue. When the colonizers took over, they made a lot cultures and customs illegal. It led to the loss of rather rich and artful customs that are lamented even today. Economic: Mughal rulers, who were Muslims and Afghans, used to work in close connection with local Hindu rulers. The East India Company and all its efforts in India as well as London were ultimately regulated by the British Government. But the company had its own army of sepoys that was led by British Officers. Initially, the British were interested in India for its immense potential for profit.
But with the Industrial Revolution in Britain, British interest in India changed to become even more profit oriented. Now, India was the source of raw materials as well as her large population was the possible market for British-made goods. With this, India became the most valuable market and nation for British colonies.
Conclusion Now that one has seen that Imperialism and Industrialization has affected society, one can see that it created a catalyst for economic power and had changed the world in so many immense ways. With the increase in new markets, a new labor force, a new supply of raw materials. One comes to conclude that the extending of power by the acquisition of territories gained country’s more wealth. Imperialism has caused one of the most substantial changes to all countries around the world. With all these causes and effects of imperialism good or bad, it changed the world for if it did not happen one would have never known the world and what it could have been.