INTRODUCTIONWith the changes broughtabout by the technologies efforts to preserve cultural heritage is a challengeto many people and a responsibility as well. Preserving cultual heritage iseconomical, historical, and a process.
Cebu city has contributed well to thePhilippines history and culture. Fromhistorical building and places to cultural traditions. Cebuanos even give a lotof contributions to the history andculture.
Cultural Heritage is thepeople’s historical past that we want to preserved for the future . According to Merrism Webster Dictionary(2017), Culture is the customary beliefs, social forms and material traits of aracial, religious or social group, also the characteristic features of eveydayexistence shared by people in a place or time.One of the cultures of cebucity is the tartanilla. It was brought about by the spanish conquest and wereimportant modes of transportation not just in cebu but also throughout thePhilippines during the past decades. They were the most used type of transportationbefore vehicles came. Before the tartanilla used to crowed the streets of LeonKilat, Sanciangco and Tres de Abril. This time, Tartanillas can be found alongthe streets of Duljo. You can ride a tartanilla for a very cheap fare.
Tartanilla can roam around the three streets namely, Pasil, Taboan, and DuljoStreets . Pasil is widely known as a fish market and a place where you can buyfresh seafoods. There is no doubt that once upon a time the tartanilla earnedthe reputation as king of the road but because of the drastic change to oureconomy, from vehicles, cars and many mode of transportation, tartanilla mayperish and may be gone on the streets.
Letting tartanilla be erased in the mindof youth and to the next generation is like forgetting the culture that oncemad Philippines known, it is in this light that this research is conducted topreserve the tartanillas in Pasil and be able to give the future a legacy.Statement of the ProblemThe study aims to preservethe culture of Pasil, the tartanilla, to let the next generation experience andsee it visibly. The research question that guided this study were:What are the ways the waysin preserving the tartanilla culture and what are the perceptions of manypeople with regard to this.Scope and DelimitationWith the sample size of 100people living in pasil they will be questioned about the safetyness,availability and fare of the tartanilla. Pofile of the students was delimitedto age, gender, address, and educational attainment. Their deision about their perceptionin preserving this culture is based on their own views of the topic.the studywas limited to Duljo, Pasil, and Tacloban where the tartanilla is mostly seento be used as transportation.Significance of the StudyThe ultimate goal of thisresearch is to peserve the culture of Pasil which is the tartanilla and to educate the people abouttartanilla.
It is hoped that people with greater insight to tartanilla will beable to help in preserving this. Furthermore, preserving this culture may help increase the income of the people whose main source of income istartanilla. This will also enable the youth to understand why there is a needto preserve it and this will equip them in the future about cultural history ofCebu. In addition, future researchers will be able also to used theinformations of this study for their own rsearch to be done.
Review of Related LiteratureOnCultural Heritage. The preservation of Cultural Heritage iscentral to protecting a sense of who weare, a meaningful reference in our culturally diverse world (Banjo, 1997). Cultural Heritage fall under differenttypes:(a) BuiltHeritage: should be deemed to mean thosebuildings, artifacts, structures, areas and precints that are of historic,aesthetic, architectural or cultural significance and should include naturalfeatures within such areas of precints of environmental significance or scenicbeauty such as sacred groves, hills, hillocks, water bodies and many more.
On adaily basis we are reminded of historic events and past lives through the builtlegacy around us.(b) NaturalHeritage: Includes all components of our natural surroundings which have notbeen created by man which are of cultural, aesthetic, spritual, biotic orecological value and which could also be of directly usable resource value.(c) Artifacts: Something made or given shape by man, such as tool or a work of art, esp. anobject of archaelogical interest. An artifact is an object recovered byarchaeological endeavor , which may have a cultural interest.
Again, cultural heritage is made for a reason and isneed a special way on how to preserve it based on its type. In order tounderstand these type of heritage thereare certain aspects to consider. These are Historical Significances- therelationship to historical era, person or event, Social Significances- refersto social, spritual and other community oriented values attributed to a place,Aesthetic Significances-refers to this special sense of importance of a placeand Scientific Significances- refers to the scope or possibility of scientificfindings from a site, monument or place. Thus it is highly important to understand and determine the significancesbefore embarking on a heritage project.
Community Involvement in HeritageConservation. The concept of the community being involve inconservation was introduced in Europe in the mid- 1970’s, as stated in thedeclaration of Amsterdam (1975) “the architectural heritage will survive onlyif it would be valued by the public, especially the younger generation.” NairobiUNESCO Recommendation (1976) after one year rounded off that the contributionof every individual or collective, residents and users, separately or together,should be encouraged to provide suggestions and play their role as part of thecommunity.
In addition, most of the convocation, declarations, charters,resolutions and recommendations on protecting and preserving heritage publishedafter the mid- 1970s declared that community involvement in the protection andconservation of cultural heritage should be embolden and ameliorated. Accordingto the World bank (1994), the level of community involvement is divided intotwo levels: low and high. Low level participation applies one-way communicationlike sharing information or consultation. While the high-level paarticipationis achieved by collaboration and empowerment in the transfer of control overdecisions or resources. Methodology:This qualitativeresearch was undetaken in order toexplore the perceptions of the people in Pasil about preserving the tartanillaand used it for transportation.Research Questions:1. How safetyness affect the decision of peopleto preserve it?2. How does their experience on tartanilla shapetheir decision?3.
How does the geogaphical area affect the usedof tartanilla?4. What makes them ride tartanilla? Is fare hassomething to do with this?5. How do people in pasil cope in ridingtartanilla everyday? Research Design:This study used the casestudy method of conducting aresearch. The principal purpose of theresearchers was to discover what is their decision whether they agree topreserve tartanilla or they disagree based on their experienced.
Research Locale:This study takes place inPasil, Cebu city. And the respondents were the residents in Pasil.Sample or the Respondents:In order to get enoughrespondents to sustain datas we were able to used Purposive Sampling becausethe main people that is needed in the interviews are the people in Pasil whoused tartanilla as for transportation and has experienced of using or riding tartanilla. Specifically, Creswell(2005) listed nine types of purposive sampling and based on the list and the data that we need to have we come up inusing a typical sample . As of 2015 the population of Pasil is 8,593 accordingto the website of Cebu city- Philippine Barangay Population. We get a sample of150 respondents as representative.
Research Instruments:We used unstructured questionnaire as research instruments incollecting data in order for the respondent to express his or her opinions from a set of options.Data Collection Procedure:Once we are done in decidingwhat design our research is going to be based on,the next step that we aregoing to do is we will continue following the systematic procedure and startworking data collection. The data we are going to collect must be relevant tothe study and we should also be aware ofthe difficulties along the way.
In qualitative research as we usedquestionnaire to gather datas we need to understand that this needssupervisions.