In this assignment I will be explaining the health and
safety that is used in an woodwork shop and I will be explaining what is an
band saw machine and how to use the machine also the advantages and
disadvantages of he band saw. I will also be explaining about scroll saw and
how to use the machine, and the advantages and disadvantages.

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Health & safety

working in the work place we should all follow the health and safety rules to
stop us getting injured or causing an incident.

first and most important rule at the workshop is to wear Personal Protection
Equipment (PPE) which is for example safety goggles: these are made with
flexible plastic frames and an elastic headband which means it would not fall
out and will protect your eyes from the dust and from other substances that
have a risk of splashing into your eyes. Also wearing overalls can protect us
against hazardous substances. Another example is an ear defender which
completely cover and protect the ears can protect our ears from very loud

extractor fan was another important rule so when I was using any of the
machines I made sure that the extractor fan was kept on whilst I was using the
machines once I was finished with the machine I made sure the gate was closed
for the extractor.

Safety rules to use the saw machines


you’re working on the machines you must make sure that you remove anything that
can get caught on the machine for example watches or any other jewelry must be
taken off and you must eliminate any lose clothing also if you have got a long
hair you must make sure that it is tied back the reason for all this is to make
sure that nothing gets in the way of the machine while it’s been operated.


must make sure that all guards are in place and you must check if its operating

guard should be in a down position when your using the machines. The guard protects
your hand when the blade is moving up and down. The guard is always see through,
so you can see easily the wood while you your using the machine


must always wear eye protection when your in the workshop environment while the
machines are running.




the work slowly and make sure the blade does the work you must not force the
work into the blade which means that you not push the wood towards the blade


must not attempt to cut sharp curves the correct way to cut sharp curves is by cutting
the wood gradually with (relief cuts) you can do this by marking the wood with
the relief cuts on the sharp edge.


cut wood that has a flat bottom because the table of the machine has a flat
surface you don’t want to cut any wood that is round because there is a high
chance that you would lose control as your cutting the wood.


can position the “hold down foot” on the machine so that it is pressing lightly
on the wood that you want to cut. This prevents the wood coming up in the air
while your trying to cut it, so it keeps it held in position on the table.


must make sure you use both hands on the wood that you want to cut and must be
careful not to have your hand or fingers in line with the saw blade your
fingers must be about 3-4 inches away from the blade. However, if you are
struggling and need to get closer to the blade you must remember to use a “push
stick” which protects your fingers from getting close to the blade.


the blade breaks on the machine you must turn the machine off and inform the
instructor the reason you want to inform your instructor is that when the next
person that comes and wants to use the machine they can have a fully operated
machine to work on.

Band Saw

first machine I will be talking about is a band saw. This machine has a saw
with a long and sharp blade to cut the woods efficiently. Because it has lots
of very sharp tooth it has the ability and the advantages to cut curved shapes
or irregular like a jigsaw. Bandsaw are equipped with features that can help
you cut straight lines on the object that you want to cut however this is very
good because it is not so easy with other cutting tools for making straight or
cross cuts for some people they struggle because you need to be extremely
careful and focused. Also, the results obtained from the bandsaw at the end is
much better than the other tools.

How to use the band saw machine

to use a bandsaw machine you should always firstly position the blade of the
bandsaw ¼ inch above the piece that is being used (if needed you can adjust it
a little higher). Once you have positioned the blade you should usually set the
desired speed on the horizontal band sawing machine. Now you would be set to go
so all that is left is for you to start the machine and start cutting your

Advantages of Band Saw

of the major advantages of using a band saw is the reduction in wastage. Band
saws usually have a smaller kerf than other tools, Other tools have wider

blades will eat much more material that narrows blades, which leads to a lot of

Disadvantages of the bandsaw

of the major disadvantages of using a bandsaw would be as the following

Risk of Fingers getting caught between blades

If the person wearing a tie while operating with the band saw
machine the risk would be strangulation

If there is someone with long hair the risk could be that the
person hair can be caught to the blade.

are many more disadvantages however while operating the bandsaw machine, you
should always follow the health and safety guidelines to ensure that no damage
is done to the person operating the machine or anyone around the machine.

disadvantage would be that the time it can take for someone to learn to operate
the machine. The reasoning of this disadvantage is because that the person that
would be learning on how to operate would need to learn about all the safety
procedures for the machine and then start learning about how to operate the



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