, Research Paper

Jackie Robinson: Interrupting the Color Barrier

April 15, 1946 was an of import event in non merely baseball history but besides in the history of America. Thousands of baseball fans crowded into Ebbits Field to see one adult male, the first black of all time to play in Major League Baseball, and one adult male who would finally set an terminal to segregation in baseball. That one adult male s name is Jack Roosevelt Robinson, otherwise known as Jackie Robinson. His battle to interrupt the colour barrier helped put the criterions for future black jocks to come.

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, to Millie and Jerry Robinson. He was the youngest of five kids and ever wanted his life to be better than it was. At age five, Jackie s male parent left place and his female parent moved the household to California. Because his male parent wasn T around to assist, they were supported by public assistance. As a consequence of this, Jackie had to work several occupations to assist back up the household. He was involved in several offenses and robberies with the Pepper Street Gang but with the aid of Carl

Anderson and Reverend Karl Downs this life of offense didn t last long. Both work forces were able to indicate Jackie in a positive way by holding him concentrate on sports.

After graduating high school, Jackie attended Pasadena Junior College. He so received a scholarship to UCLA where he excelled in every athletics he played. He was the first black to be successful in playing all four varsity squad athleticss. Although he was a good jock, Jackie didn t complete his senior twelvemonth of college. Alternatively, he joined the National Youth Administration where he played baseball to entertain campers and worked with kids.

In 1941, Jackie joined the United States Army. After graduating from Officers Candidate School, he became 2nd lieutenant in what was so a unintegrated ground forces. Jackie protested the U.S. Army s mistreatment of black soldiers in his unit and was subsequently arrested for this act. He received an honest discharge, including the rank of first lieutenant.

Jackie began his professional baseball calling in 1945 with the Kansas City Monarchs. Because of the segregation in America, black communities formed their ain version of Major League Baseball. The consequence of this was the beginning of the Negro Leagues. From 1920, when the first national conference was founded, until 1946, when Jackie foremost stepped across the colour barrier into organized baseball, the Negro Leagues, grew, matured, overcame adversities and even flourished ( Rogsin 6 ) . In fact, the Negro Leagues became one of the largest most successful black concerns in the United States before the dislocation of segregation ( Rogsin 6 ) . The direction of the two

conferences may rank among the highest of accomplishments in African- American History.

In 1945, Branch Rickey, the proprietor of the Brooklyn Dodgers, was looking for a black participant to interrupt the colour barrier and fall in the Major League Baseball Association. Harmonizing to Rickey, this individual had to be able to get by with abuses, name-calling and abus

e. He had heard of Jackie Robinson s outstanding public presentations in the Negro Leagues and sent out his lookouts to see him. After a long meeting, Jackie decided to fall in

the Brooklyn Dodgers ( Tygiel 16 ) .

Even though holding to fall in the Dodgers seemed ambitious, Jackie s biggest challenge was yet to come. At this point in American History, it was unheard of to hold a black individual treated every bit to a white individual. It was besides improbable for a black individual to play on the same baseball field as a white individual. There were separate schools, separate H2O fountains and even divide baseball conferences. One might look at this state of affairs as two different universes being afraid of each other ( Aaron 2 ) . Life was unkind to

inkinesss who tried to convey these two universe together but, in Jackie Robinson s instance, it was merely something that had to be done.

Interrupting baseball s colour barrier was a serious challenge. Branch Rickey warned Jackie about all of the racial slurs and name naming that would travel on. Throughout the season, he received several unsigned letters endangering decease if he continued to play baseball. Rival participants when every bit far as throwing pitches at his caput when he came up to bat. They besides spat on him when skiding into a base and even tried aching him with the

spikes on their places. Discrimination continued off the field. When the Dodgers played on the route, Jackie wasn T allowed to remain in the same hotel as his teammates. He had to remain in a hotel particularly for inkinesss or in private places. Whenever he did remain with his teammates, he wasn T allowed pass the pool room.

Toward the terminal of the season, things were get downing to acquire better. Jackie eventually got the regard from everyone including his teammates. The pitches at his caput stopped, most racial slurs stopped, and Jackie was eventually being treated like a baseball participant ( Aaron 24 ) . It was obvious that people were looking beyond the colour of his tegument and eventually recognizing that Jackie Robinson was so a good baseball participant.

Jackie contributed a batch to the Major conferences but his biggest part was opening the conference for black participants after him. It wasn t until the twelvemonth Jackie retired that all 16 major conference squads had at least one black participant. Jackie retired in 1956 and began to strike back and talk out on racial issues. When Jackie Robinson spoke, every black participant listened. He made it clear to them that they weren t playing merely for

themselves or for their squads, they were playing for their people. Harmonizing to Jackie, if they played as if they were on a mission, it was because he sent them out on one

( Tygiel 124 ) .

Jackie died in 1972. When he died, apart of baseball died every bit good. He will ever be remember for all that he did for African- Americans. He went through many obstructions but he got through it all. He achieved his dream and went beyond all that he wanted to make. Today many African- Americans thank Jackie for making what he did to demo African-Americans are merely every bit good as anyone else.

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