Jacob KibbeMs. Alix StellyEnglish I – Paraphrasing report22 January 2018Picard, Liza. . The British Library, 15 Mar. 2016 .They are hung till they are almost dead, after that, their members and bowel are cut from their bodies and then thrown into a fire, provided near hand and within their own sight, even for the same purpose.The usual place of execution in London during Shakespeare’s time was out on the road to Oxford, at Tyburn. Sometimes murderers were hung alive and left to starve.Traitors sentence was they were to be hung, then cut down before he died from the hanging, and finally getting his organs removed.There prisons almost always were crowded and full with disease.A woman who was sentenced to death could “plead her belly” and say that she was pregnant and if the committee of matrons was ok with her excuse, her execution was held back until she had given birth, since it would be a wrong to kill an unborn child.Also if a literate man was illiterate about a bible verse but knew it by heart and had been found guilty of a crime, he could “claim his book”, and be handed over to the authorities.If someone was caught poisoning another, then he or she would be burned alive, and the same would happen to heretics such as Anabaptists.Fornication and incest was punishable by carting which was being carried through the city in a cart, or riding backwards on a horse wearing a sign describing the offence.The sentence of whipping meant that the criminal’s back was laid open raw and bloody, as he moved along the appointed route through the city barely able to move.Sometimes the criminal’s ears were nailed to the pillar and then occasionally cut off. The Rack could snap the ligaments and separate bones from their sockets causing excruciating pain. Another sentence, which is surprising in British history, was to enslave prisoners that might be sent to the galleys if they looked strong enough to work.Other extra torture methods and punishments such as needles under the fingernails was under the examiner’s influence.If the trespasser will not stop, they are hung to death.Alchin, Linda. . 16 May 2012, Crime punishments were cruel and violent as many of which, with executions, were witnessed by many hundreds of people.Elizabethan England was split into two classes; the Upper Class, which was nobles, kings, queens, courtiers, etc and the Lower Class which is everyone else. Lower Classes treated these events as exciting day and even royalty agreed with public punishment for crimes.A Defendant’s chances in receiving any not guilty statement in court was extremely slim.For stealing anything over 5 pence, a theft sentence would resulted in hanging which was a terrible punishment for poor people who were starving and dying. Other punishment included execution by burning and beheading.Executioners occasionally showed mercy to criminals by placing gunpowder at the base of the stake which made the criminal’s death much quicker, and less painful. Even minor crimes such as stealing birds eggs could result in a death sentence.The most common crimes were theft, pickpocketing, begging, poaching, adultery, debtors, forging, fraud and dice coggers.The punishment of death by the axe was terrifying in which executioners often took several blows before the head was finally severed.Minor crime and punishment in small Elizabethan towns were dealt with by the Justice of the Peace.Once the execution was finished the executioner would hold up the severed head by the hair.The other harsh thing that happened to you from being burnt to death was the victims died of suffocation through inhaling smoke and lack of oxygen.The person being executed remains consciousness for at least eight seconds after being beheading, until lack of oxygen eventually causes death.Punishment of poor beggars would be to beat until they reached the stones that marked the town parish boundary. Alchin, Linda. “Elizabethan Crime and Punishment.” William Shake Site-Map, Siteseen Ltd, Feb. 2017, www.william-shakespeare.info/elizabethan-crime-punishment.htm.Actors were treated with suspicion as beggars. Anyone who needed to travel to earn their living were treated with suspicion and could be accused of crime.The most common crimes of the Nobility included High Treason, Blasphemy, Sedition, Spying, Rebellion, Murder, Witchcraft, AlchemyAnyone who needed to travel to earn their living were treated with suspicion and could be accused of crime.The highest nobles were automatically exempt from torture but other courtiers were not.The Upper class would often become involved in Political intrigue and matters of Religion.Many crimes during the Elizabethan era were due to a crime committed and the law broken due to the desperate acts of the poor. Every town parish was responsible for the poor and unemployed within that parish.Travel during the Elizabethan England era was a dangerous and difficult undertaking.The Tudor and Elizabethan governments made begging a crime and therefore illegal.The Poor Rate was used to help the poor during Elizabethan times.A variety of tortures methods were used to extract confessions for crimes. Instruments and means of torture include the rack, the scavenger’s daughter, the collar, the iron maiden, branding irons. ¬†Elizabethans attached great importance to the social order. In their view, every person and thing in the universe had a designated place and purpose.This could be as painful as public opinion decided, as the crowd gathered round to throw things at the wretched criminal. Whoever is convicted of high treason against priest, kings, queens etc, is decapitated.Sometimes murderers were hanged alive and left to starve.To deny that Elizabeth was the head of the Church in England, was to threaten her government and was treason for which the penalty was death by hanging.Elizabethans attached great importance to the social order. In their view, every person and thing in the universe had a designated place and purpose.Execution methods for the most serious crimes were designed to be as gruesome as possible.Crimes that threatened the social order were considered extremely dangerous offenses which included heresy, or religious opinions that conflict with the church’s doctrines, which threatened religious laws; treason, which challenged the legitimate government; and murder.Many English Catholics resented Elizabeth’s rule, and there were several attempts to overthrow her and place her Catholic cousin, Mary Stuart on the throne.William, Harrison. Crime and Punishment in Elizabethan England. The Life of the Society, 1971, .The greatest and worst punishment used in England for offending the State is drawing from the prison to the place of execution upon a hurdle or sled. Queen Elizabeth I took the throne of England in 1558, she inherited the judicial system which stretched back in time through the preceding Middle Ages to the Anglo-Saxon era.If thieves have stolen nothing else but oxen, sheep, money, etc, then they are burned in the left hand with a hot iron, so that if they are apprehended again that mark would betray them and have been arraigned of felony before, where they are sure at that time to have no mercy.Rogues and vandals are often stocked and whipped; scolds are ducked upon cucking-stools in the water.When wilful murder is done, beside hanging, the offender has his right hand stricken off, after that he is executed, and put to death according to the law. ¬†Trespassing would result in a hanging where they are suffered to hang till they be quite dead. If the victim felt an intrusive hand, he would shout “stop thief,”and everyone were to run after the miscreant and catch him.If you hear someone shout ‘look to your purses’, remember, this is not altruistic; he just wants to see where you keep your purse, as you clutch your pocket.When a criminal wilfully murderers then he/she has his or her right hand stricken off near the place where the act was done and after which is led to the place of execution.whoever is convicted of high treason is to have their head removed. The idea of torturing and creating pain to a person as punishment for a crime was a relatively a good idea in their minds.Trials were skewed in likeness of the prosecution the criminal was dealt with. If a gentleman commited murder than he is hanged by the neck till death, and then cut down and buried. Every town parish was responsible for the poor and unemployed within that parish. Trials were designed in favor of prosecutors and defendants accused of any crimes were not even allowed legal counsel.Thieves are saved by their books and clergy for their first offence, if they have stolen nothing else valuable. In trial some cases concerning treason, felony, or any other grievous crime not confessed, the party accused must confess.Defendants usually accused of a felony or treason were not allowed legal counsel as justice was usually quick and brutal.William Harrison chronicled everyday life in Renaissance England during the late 1500s.Rogues and vagabonds were often stocked and whipped. Felons that only speak at their own likeness, are pressured to talk by laying huge weights upon a board over their chest.Stock, Jennifer York, editor. “Crime and Punishment in Elizabethan England.” Elizabethan World Reference Library, UXL, 2007. World History In Context,link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX2587000081/GPS?u=new41910=GPS=0b1b0479The penalty for poaching at night would result in death, however poaching during the day did not.Even royalty thought public form of punishment for crimes was a good idea and also would partake in it.Being burnt alive on stake was a punishment used during the reign of Queen Elizabeth’s oldest sister, Bloody Mary.Travel during the Elizabethan England era was very dangerous and difficult to put into action.

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