James Joyce is a known novelist and modernist poet whose style was known both for its complexity and personal content. However, most of James Joyce’s poem are based on songs that were composed by the most well-known composers. Joyce uses several tones that can be seen in all three poems, On the Beach at Fontana, All Day I Hear the Noise of Waters, and I Hear An Army Charging Upon the Land, exhibiting a peculiar style. Although the following poems conveys its own individual theme, tone and mood, the poems were able to display similar ideas. Joyce’s poetry exhibits several emotions such as, serious and loving tone that is often seen being portrayed by the speaker.  In the poem, “On the Beach at Fontana”, Joyce creates the tone through the use of diction; words such as whines, groan, wind, cold, wrap, warm, trembling, heart and love brings out the tone of the speaker. In this particular poem, the speaker is conveyed as serious, blunt, worried, and loving as this poem portrays the parental love of a father to his son. This can also be seen in “All Day I Hear the Noise of Waters”, when Joyce speaks of “all day noise of waters”, “sad as the sea-bird”  and “the grey winds” associate to the sadnesss and estrangement, portrayed by the “sea-bird”. Finally, “I Hear An Army Charging Upon the Land” distribute a similar atmosphere as seen when the speaker, “cry unto the night their battle-name” and “moan in sleep when I hear afar their whirling laughter/They cleave the gloom of dreams, a blinding flame,/Clanging, clanging upon the heart as upon an anvil”. These phrases and connotations express a common mood – sufferings, fear, love, and self-realization. Additionally, through the use of the phrases and connotations in the following 3 poems, Joyce indicates his feelings towards the topics that he writes about, the tone of his poems expresses one’s sufferings through the speaker’s emotions, thus establishes his own style. Although the following 3 poems had an individual theme, tone, and mood, Joyce is able to unite common phrases and connotations to provoke similar feelings. Overall, James Joyce’s use of several tones, devices, and tone provokes an individual style that can be seen in most of his poems.

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