Job Descrimination Work Force Essay, Research Paper
Job descrimination work forceIn recent old ages discriminatory hiring has become an issueof great involvement. Preferential hiring, which was devised tocreate harmoniousness between the different races and sexes, has dividedthe lines even more. Supporters on both sides seem fixed intheir places and frequently refuse to listen to the other group splatform. In this essay, the receivers of discriminatory hiringwill be either black or female, and the place in inquiry willbe a chair on the university degree. The hirings inquestion are instances that involve several campaigners, all roughlyequal in their makings ( including experience, instruction, people accomplishments, etc. ) , with the lone difference being race and/orsex. What we have here is a instance of preset penchant. The two campaigners in inquiry are equal in all ways, except race. The black applier is selected, non because of accomplishments orqualifications ( in that instance the white adult male would hold providedthe same consequence ) , but for his tegument colour. This seems to be blatantdiscrimination, but many believe it is justified. Some feelretribution for old ages of favoritism is ground adequate, but thatissue will be discussed subsequently. First, lets focus on why this isnot a solution to making an indifferent society. Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream: & # 8220 ; I have a dream thatmy four small kids will one twenty-four hours populate in a state where theywill non be judged by the colour of their tegument, but by the contentof their character. & # 8221 ; He desired a universe without favoritism, without bias, and without stereotypes. The cardinal lessonyears of favoritism should hold taught is that to give anyonepreference based on tegument colour, sex, or spiritual beliefs is, inone word, incorrect. As Martin Luther King Jr. stated, judgement basedon skin colour must non be. All discriminatory hiring does iskeep judgements based on skin colour alive. Race and sex should notbe issues in today s society, yet discriminatory hiring continues tomake these factors issues by handling minorities as a group ratherthan as persons. More significantly discriminatory engaging mayactually fuel, instead than snuff out, feelings of racial ill will. Using the construct of discriminatory hiring to anothersituation may assist clarify its defects. A party of whitemen and a party of black work forces both arrive at a eating house at the sametime and merely one tabular array is free. The captain can merely sit oneparty and must do a determination. Harmonizing to discriminatory hiringtheory it is necessary to sit the black party foremost, sincehistorically inkinesss have been discriminated against when seatedin eating houses. In another state of affairs, a white adult male and a black manare both equidistant from the last place on the coach. Both work forces arethe same age, have no medical jobs, and are equal in all waysexcept tegument colour. Should the black adult male acquire the place since in thepast black work forces have been discriminated against? We could continuethis pattern for several centuries before the debt we owe fordepriving inkinesss of a place on the coach would be paid. Possibly theseexamples are invalid. It could be said that occupations are a differentissue. They help specify societal position and supply economicwell-being. They might even hike assurance, something thatdiscrimination has stolen. Two points must be considered before traveling any farther. First, inkinesss may larn better from a black, and adult females may learnbetter from a adult female. Second, engaging adult females and inkinesss will providerole theoretical accounts for others. The first point Thomson rapidly concedesas likely to be false. Discussion about the 2nd point howeveris required, and will, in consequence, function to contradict the first pointas good. First, lets create a character, Bill. Bill is grosslyoverweight and unattractive. Surveies have shown that many employersdiscriminate ( whether subconsciously or non ) , against both overweightand unattractive persons. Unfortunately for Bill, he fits intoboth classs. His inability to set down a occupation reflective of hisabilities, coupled with old ages of public humiliation through jokesmade at his disbursal, has destroyed his self-pride. This has causedhim to accept as fact the impression that he will ne’er be able to reachhis ends. Few & # 8220 ; Bill & # 8221 ; success narratives exist, merely further plummetinghis assurance. This illustration sounds strikingly similar to a common argumentfor discriminatory hiring. I have been discriminated against, whichhas caused my ego esteem to fall, and now I am stuck, with few rolemodels to follow. Bill s success has likely been thwarted by moresources than the today s mean black or female, but there is noprovision in discriminatory hiring for him. Just like no one cancontrol their race or tegument colour, Bill s fleshiness is caused by amedical job beyond intervention. Selective discriminatory hiringwon T work. Even if one doesn T accept the fact that preferentialhiring discriminates against the white male, one must accept thefact that discriminatory engaging discriminates against Bill. Now let s presume that this debate is invalid for onereason or another. Let s presume the deficiency of assurance andself-respect that today s inkinesss and adult females are enduring from maydeserve some compensation. But before continuing, it seems necessaryto narrow the scope of who qualifies for compensation for enduring. The issue at manus concerns today s inkinesss and today s adult females. Today ssociety is non responsible for incidents predating its ain being. Other sentiments may non co-occur with this belief, but I do non feelany duty for the positive or negative actions of mygrandfather or my male parent. However, as a member of society I willtake duty for the positive or negative actions of societytoday. For illustration, today s society is non responsible for blacksor adult females s deficiency of voting rights old ages ago. If for some ground wewere responsible, how could this perchance be repaid? Make a blackor female ballot count two or three times? No, this is absurd.
We have canceled our debts, merely by giving them a right to voteand a say in the election of their representatives. Now that isnot to state that today s society is
not responsible for thediscrimination of blacks and women in recent years. But, even priorto the lifetime of those that would be most affected by preferentialhiring: both blacks and women have had the right to vote;discrimination based on race, color, religion, or sex has beenillegal; segregation has ended; and the civil rights movement hastaken place. Clearly, we live in a different United States thanout predecessors. Today s blacks and women may still experience some repercussions ofdiscrimination, but for decades laws have been enforced prohibitingdiscrimination. If someone discriminates against a black today,charges could be filed against that person and that person will bepunished. That is the bottom line. Preferential treatment cannotbe given to victims of all crimes. It would become chaotic tryingpin the level of preference a victim should get for different crimes. For a moment let’s digress to the case of Judy. Judy wasraped. All society can offer her is the punishment of her rapist,if her rapist is found guilty. Sure, Judy will probably suffer forthe rest of her life believing that it was her fault; she will loseself-respect and self-confidence. But is Judy going to receivepreferential treatment when she walks into an office and appliesfor a job? There is no space on a job application for Judy to say:”I should receive special consideration, because several years ago Iwas raped. This rape has caused me years of anguish, and now I lackthe self-confidence I once had. All this has cause me to underachievein school and in life. Please consider this when you review myapplication.” If Judy, who lost her self-confidence and self-respectthrough the violation of her rights by a member of society, is givenno compensation for her trauma, why should blacks or women? Allsociety owes the victim of a crime is that the criminal be punishedif in fact a law was breached. Possibly their case is more powerful. Not all women (or men)are raped each year, but most blacks and women have been discriminatedagainst at some point in their life. Could we possibly owe thevictims of discrimination something? If, as Thomson claims, all blacks and females have, as aconsequence of their past lack of rights, suffered a lack ofself-confidence and self-respect, then why preferentially give themjobs? Jobs have no direct correlation to a lack of self-respect andself-confidence. Indirectly, yes, maybe many blacks and women havenot been able to achieve their highest goals due to this lack ofself-confidence and are therefore handicapped when they enter the jobmarket. But it seems to me that if we were to solve the problem andprovide repayment with the loosening of qualifications necessary, oreven not the loosening but the offering of preferential treatmentwhen hiring blacks and women, this does not solve the problem. Itseems to make more sense to dig deeper; to find the root of theproblem and change it. Since we can t go back and change history,eliminating the poor treatment blacks and women of the past, then thenext best thing seems to be to reverse the effects of discriminationin the present. The lack of presence in the upper levels of the job market isnot a direct effect of discrimination. It is, as Thomson states, alack of self-confidence and self-respect that has kept toady s blacksand women down. So the logical solution would be to renew theirself-respect, and to restore their self-confidence. It seems like toosuperficial of a solution to simply give blacks and women preferencewhen it comes to hiring. Certainly it would not bolster myself-confidence to know that I received a job over another equallyqualified individual, simply due to my skin color or sex. I wouldfeel as if again race and sex were dominating decisions. Wasn t theoriginal goal to eliminate the issue of skin color and sex from alldecisions? Thomson, in her essay on preferential hiring, tells us thatshe is not happy with the solution of preferential hiring in itsentirety: “If there were some appropriate way in which the communitycould make amends to its blacks and women, some way which did notrequire depriving anyone of anything he has a right to, then thatwould be the best course to take.” There must be a better way. Psychological treatment would help give the victims of poor treatmentrenewed self-confidence, providing them the confidence to go out andtry to earn a job, rather than get handed a job. The feeling ofaccomplishment that results from earning a job would help improveself-confidence. But now another issue arises. We would owe all victims ofcrime some sort of compensation. Maybe there is another way to elevatethe status of minorities without bringing the issue of race or sex intothe arena. If what is desired by preferential hiring is a jump-startto promote diversity in the workplace and in society, where race andsex are irrelevant, why not enact a plan where preferential hiring isnot based on these factors? Instead, why not give preference tounderrepresented towns or areas of town (possibly by zip code), tothose that are financially burdened, and to those with handicaps. This would help relieve the pressure of race and sex in these issues. The underprivileged will still be given a jump-start, and diversity willstill be promoted. However, this solution breaches another point that any form ofcategorization of people should not occur. The solutions presented aremore acceptable than preferential hiring, though they still have theirdefects. Why not bury the issue of race? Discrimination is waning. Ithas become a crime to discriminate. Soon blacks and women will becomefull members of the job world. There are plenty of role model successstories available. There is no reason to believe that anyone, in today ssociety, cannot achieve whatever they wish. Hard work and diligence willpay off and eventually race and sex will no longer be issues. The goalis to make race and sex irrelevant, and preferential hiring only keepsthese issues alive. Let s try to live in a society modeled after MartinLuther King Jr. s dream, and I believe the issues of race and sex willdisappear, leaving people to be judged solely on their character.