Leah Goldberg
Tuesday December 19th 2017

Grade 10 History: World War Two Test

Answer three of the following questions digitally and submit your answers on Moodle. Each answer should explain every terms used, include dates (years), be plausible and use examples/evidence to support your answer.

1. Did appeasement slow or accelerate the the start of WW2?

Appeasement was the effect of Britain and many other strong countries that allowed Germany to make a mess of a bunch of things like killing the jews or invading many countries. Colonies like Britain just allowed it to happen because nobody wanted to start another World War. I think it slowed the start of World War 2 because everyone was trying to avoid war at all costs. They would let Germany do whatever they wanted to help prevent the war, They even allowed Germany to take over Czechoslovakia. If countries had fought back immediately, the war would have started much sooner. However, they chose to let Germany do whatever they want which slowed the war because no one fought back. Some would argue that allowing Germany to do whatever they want, caused the war. This is because they were given all the time they wanted to build a massive army. Since they had all the time to create such an army, they started a war against other countries by breaking the Munich Agreement when they entered Poland. On the other hand, them entering Poland didn’t relate directly to the appeasement, it could have slowed the start of World War 2. Them entering Poland was their decision to break the agreement, which is what caused the war. Since the other countries decided to simply let Germany do whatever they wanted without going to war, then Germany could have just decided that since no one would want to go to war with them, there’s no purpose to starting war. In the end, then ended up going to war but it was delayed the start  since they took time to prepare their army. 

2. What was Canada’s greatest contribution to the war?

When WW2 began in 1939, the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) had only 13 ships but by the time the war ended, Canada had more than 400 fighting ships and 100,000 sailors and crew. The RCN grew into a massive army force, capable of fighting other navies. The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest and one of the most important battles of World War 2. It lasted from the first day of the war in 1939 until the last day of the war in Europe in 1945. When Canada landed in Normandy on June 6th 1944 the Canadians, being a part of the Allied invasion force, played an important role in the battle to take over Caen, France. Canada also had an important job was to act as an escorts across the Atlantic, in the Mediterranean and to Murmansk in the USSR. They were also in charge of hunting down submarines and U – boats. I think this was Canada’s greatest contribution because Canada was able to help the Allies to win the Battle of the Atlantic. More than 25,000 exportation ships safely arrived to their destination because of the Canadian escorts. Canada’s contribution to the winning of the Battle of the Atlantic also came from mass production of machines. During the years 1941 to 1945, Canadian was able to produce approximately 403 merchant ships, 281 fighting ships, 206 minesweepers, 254 tugs, and 3,302 landing craft. This was important because they were key aspects to the battle. Machinery was needed because Germany kept making and putting out more U – boats. If Canada hadn’t produced as many ships as they did, then the Allies could have potentially lost to Germany. Another major contribution by Canada was from the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). Their main objective was hunting and destroying U-Boats in the North Atlantic, where 48 Canadian units served. The recognition for their contribution was on January 1st, 1943. Although this did destroy many boats and sacrificed many Canadian soldiers, I believe that the contribution made by the RCN had a much greater impact from Canada

3. What should Canada have done to stop the Holocaust? Include the year.

Many jews that fled out of Germany needed Canada’s help and Canada turned them all away. Many jews went straight to Canada because they had appeared to be peacekeepers and jews thought that would be safe there. However, Mackenzie King had said about the jews in Canada that “none is too many”. In 1939, 1000 Jewish refugees went on board the German transatlantic liner St. Louis were looking for help and protection from the Nazi Germany. Canada wouldn’t take in any of them to help and they sent the ship to sail back to Europe, where many of them later died in concentration camps. I think that if Canada had accepted the Jews travelling from Europe, it may not have stopped the Holocaust but it could have resulted in less people dying or being killed. When Hitler was elected in 1933, an estimated number of 17,000 German and Austrian Jews first fled into Shanghai after the beginning of the Nazi’s. After the cruel attacks to Jews in 1938, also known as Kristallnacht, the amount of Jews moving to Shanghai increased rapidly. From the year 1939 until 1940, more than half of the immigrants moving to the United States were Jewish. Majority of those were refugees from Europe. During those years, a large number of immigration to the United States came from countries that Germany and the Nazi’s had taken over to find and kill Jews. Just these two countries alone had saved over 100 000 jews from being killed in Europe. If Canada had also accepted Jewish refugees, that number could have doubled or tripled. 

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